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Although we do not communicate by means of such sophisticated technology as that which was used on board the space station, we can also “link up” with our friends through the telephone and if we’re fortunate enough, through e-mail.

Role-play the following situations with one of your classmates:

  • Make a telephone call to your friend to ask him/her to explain how to get to a certain shopping mall. He/she must explain clearly, so that you can write down the directions. Unfortunately the line is rather bad, so he/she will have to repeat some of the directions.
  • You are in a restaurant with friends. Your friend phones you on your cellular phone. Bearing in mind the principles of telephone etiquette, act out what you would do in such circumstances. Have a conversation with your friend that lasts for about one minute.
  • Make a phone call to your father’s office. He is not available, so you have to leave a message with his secretary to ask whether he can fetch your bicycle from the repair shop.

What is the term is that is used for newly-created words ?

  1. What does “to coin a word/phrase/expression” mean?
  2. See how many such “new” words you can write down. To find them, read the newspapers, magazines and listen to the radio or even to your friends as they speak. Television programmes could also be useful.
LO 3.1 LO 3.4 LO 3.6
LO 3.8 LO 6.8


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
LISTENINGThe learner will be able to listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 listens for specific information;
1.4 listens actively in a discussion.
LO 2
SPEAKINGThe learner will be able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.
We know this when the learner:
2.1 translates;
2.2 interacts in additional language.
LO 3
READING AND VIEWINGThe learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 reads a text (fiction or non-fiction);
3.2 understands in a simple way some elements of poetry (e.g. simile, rhyme, alteration, personification), and understands some of the terms used to describe these elements (e.g. personification);
3.4 reads for information;
3.6 uses reading strategies;
3.8 shows some understanding of how refenece books work.
LO 4
WRITINGThe learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.
We know this when the learner:
4.5 designs media texts;
4.6 treats writing as a process;
4.7 uses developing knowledge of language structure and use.
LO 5
THINKING AND REASONINGThe learner is able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language and literacy across the curriculum;
5.2 uses language for thinking;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways.
LO 6
LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USEThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.1 revises the grammar learned in the earlier grades;
6.3 extends use of prepositions, determiners, adjectives and adverbs;
6.6 understnads and uses the first conditional (e.g. ‘If the lens is dirty, the camera won’t work.’);
6.7 uses some language to talk about language (metalanguage – terms such as verb, noun, adverb, adjective);
6.8 explains vocabulary (e.g. by working with word families: happy, unhappy, happiness, unhappiness, happily).


Activity 1

(a) a young unmarried man who is considered to be a good “catch” in terms of marriage

(b) a “young upwardly mobile professional person”, i.e. one who has a promising career and is making quite a lot of money

(c) see b.

(d) He / she has become arrogant or conceited about his / her success.

(e) Nerd: a dull and bookish person; usually a male.

(f) Cool: good, excellent. (Depending on context it could also mean mellow.)

(g) Dishy: very handsome

(h) Any five words of their own.

(i) Electronic trading, i.e. buy and selling via the Internet

(j) It sounds like “thought”, so the implication is that the intellect is involved.

(k) Any suitable adjective

Activity 3


(a) Role-play

(b) Conversation

(c) Message


(a) Astronaut and cosmonaut both mean “space traveller”, but

astronaut is American (eng.) and cosmonaut is used for Russian space travellers.

(b) Afronaut is a neologism meaning an astronaut or cosmonaut from Africa.

(c) As in b), but playfully suggesting the space traveller is a “Boer”.

3. neologism

4. own new words

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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