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  • nerd
  • cool
  • dishy
  • Write down five other slang words that you and your friends use regularly, and give their meaning in Standard (“normal”) English.
  • What is e-trading?
  • What do you think of the name Thawte Consultancy? Can you guess what the word-play is that is probably involved?
  • Mention one adjective that comes to your mind to describe Mark Shuttleworth when you read the last paragraph. Fill in the word:

He is ________


He is a(n) _________person.

LO 1.3
LO 5.2
LO 6.8

Activity 2

Your educator will read out a passage for you to write down from the above text, as dictation. Exchange passages with one of your classmates and check whether it has been written correctly. If you have made any mistakes, check the words carefully so that you will know how to write them in future.

LO 4.6

On 25 April 2002 Mark Shuttleworth became the first South African – in fact, the first African – in space and in so doing realized his dream. President Thabo Mbeki had this to say about Mark’s great venture:

By realizing his childhood dream, he showed

us the possibility of achieving the impossible.

He is the embodiment of the optimism and trust

of a nation for whom not even the stars are the limit.

(Freely translated from Rapport , 28 April 2002.)

In South Africa, Freedom Day (27 April 2002) was celebrated with a “space conversation”. In his first conversation from space, Mark Shuttleworth spoke directly from the international space station with President Mbeki, who was attending Freedom Day celebrations in Bloemfontein.

Source: Die Burger , 27 April 2002.

“I hope you will all be looking up at the African sky and smiling when we come flying overhead,” were Mark’s words as he spoke to the president during a video link-up between the International Space Station and the Free State rugby stadium. He went on: “I had moments of terror; moments of sheer upliftment and exhilaration. I have truly never seen anything as beautiful as the Earth from space and I can’t imagine anything that could surpass that.”

Shuttleworth was wearing a Bafana Bafana jersey as he spoke. “I was able to see a magnificent sunset and sunrise over central Africa over the last day.” He jokingly said that he would have worn a Springbok rugby jersey if he had known that the president would be speaking to him from a rugby stadium.

A proud President Mbeki said that the whole continent “will be proud that at last we have one of our own people, from Africa, up in space, taking part in cutting-edge developments with regard to science and technology”.

This was a moment of great patriotism, but also of pride in being an African. Small wonder that it did not take the media long to coin the phrase: “Shuttleworth - the first Afronaut”.

Another interesting word that was coined, was printed in the Burger of 2 May 2002. The headlines of a report about Shuttleworth’s intention of bringing a replica of the spacecraft back to South Africa with him, read: “Boeranof bring eie Sojoes terug.” Don’t you think it is quite clever?

Source: Rapport , 28 April 2002

Activity 3

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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