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You leave a pastry in the refrigerator on a plate and ask your roommate to take it out before you get home so you can eat it at room temperature, the way you like it. Instead, your roommate plays video games for hours. When you return, you notice that the pastry is still cold, but the game console has become hot. Annoyed, and knowing that the pastry will not be good if it is microwaved, you warm up the pastry by unplugging the console and putting it in a clean trash bag (which acts as a perfect calorimeter) with the pastry on the plate. After a while, you find that the equilibrium temperature is a nice, warm 38.3 ° C . You know that the game console has a mass of 2.1 kg. Approximate it as having a uniform initial temperature of 4 5 ° C . The pastry has a mass of 0.16 kg and a specific heat of 3.0 k J/ ( kg · ºC ) , and is at a uniform initial temperature of 4.0 ° C . The plate is at the same temperature and has a mass of 0.24 kg and a specific heat of 0.90 J/ ( kg · ºC ) . What is the specific heat of the console?

1.7 kJ/ ( kg · ºC )

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Two solid spheres, A and B , made of the same material, are at temperatures of 0 ° C and 100 ° C , respectively. The spheres are placed in thermal contact in an ideal calorimeter, and they reach an equilibrium temperature of 20 ° C . Which is the bigger sphere? What is the ratio of their diameters?

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In some countries, liquid nitrogen is used on dairy trucks instead of mechanical refrigerators. A 3.00-hour delivery trip requires 200 L of liquid nitrogen, which has a density of 808 kg/m 3 . (a) Calculate the heat transfer necessary to evaporate this amount of liquid nitrogen and raise its temperature to 3.00 ° C . (Use c P and assume it is constant over the temperature range.) This value is the amount of cooling the liquid nitrogen supplies. (b) What is this heat transfer rate in kilowatt-hours? (c) Compare the amount of cooling obtained from melting an identical mass of 0 - ° C ice with that from evaporating the liquid nitrogen.

a. 1.57 × 10 4 kcal ; b. 18.3 kW · h ; c. 1.29 × 10 4 kcal

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Some gun fanciers make their own bullets, which involves melting lead and casting it into lead slugs. How much heat transfer is needed to raise the temperature and melt 0.500 kg of lead, starting from 25.0 ° C ?

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A 0.800-kg iron cylinder at a temperature of 1.00 × 10 3 ° C is dropped into an insulated chest of 1.00 kg of ice at its melting point. What is the final temperature, and how much ice has melted?

6.3 ° C . All of the ice melted.

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Repeat the preceding problem with 2.00 kg of ice instead of 1.00 kg.

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Repeat the preceding problem with 0.500 kg of ice, assuming that the ice is initially in a copper container of mass 1.50 kg in equilibrium with the ice.

63.9 ° C , all the ice melted

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A 30.0-g ice cube at its melting point is dropped into an aluminum calorimeter of mass 100.0 g in equilibrium at 24.0 ° C with 300.0 g of an unknown liquid. The final temperature is 4.0 ° C . What is the heat capacity of the liquid?

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(a) Calculate the rate of heat conduction through a double-paned window that has a 1.50 -m 2 area and is made of two panes of 0.800-cm-thick glass separated by a 1.00-cm air gap. The inside surface temperature is 15.0 ° C , while that on the outside is −10.0 ° C . ( Hint: There are identical temperature drops across the two glass panes. First find these and then the temperature drop across the air gap. This problem ignores the increased heat transfer in the air gap due to convection.) (b) Calculate the rate of heat conduction through a 1.60-cm-thick window of the same area and with the same temperatures. Compare your answer with that for part (a).

a. 83 W; b. 1.97 × 10 3 W ; The single-pane window has a rate of heat conduction equal to 1969/83, or 24 times that of a double-pane window.

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Questions & Answers

What is dielectric
Ashis Reply
its a type of medium. generally poor conductors. but their conductivity can be changed
vedanth
you just have to add impurities
vedanth
Thanks
Ssempala
grt
Ssempala
a material which behave as conductor
Shikhar
insulating material, energy level for electron transfer is very high e.g used to increase a magnetic field in a capacitor
Brad
What is the difference between specific heat capacity and heat capacity? Give the equations
elly Reply
presentation on power
Dyutee Reply
relation between Celsius and Kelvin
Anish Reply
Newton's second laws is call with
Dyutee Reply
what is mean by thermodynamics
Prasad Reply
it is study about temperature and it's equilibrium
thiru
Its the study of heat and its relation with others kind of energy
Antonio
state caulombs law clearly
constand Reply
show mathematically that an electron has the greater speed than the proton when they attract each other
ezra Reply
show mathematically that an electron has the greater speed than the proton when they attract each other
srikanta
@ezra & srikanta; for electrons: a=ke^2/(mr^2) and for protons: a=kp^2/(mr^2)
Sikandar
what is electrostatics
Hero Reply
the study of charge at rest
Gulzar
@Hero; the study of charges at rest is the electrostatics
Sikandar
okay what is electrostatic?
Abd
charge at rest
Nawal
set of character...
Arzoodan
oky
Abd
Gauss law, electric fields, dipoles,...
Antonio
good
Abd
A proton initially at rest falls through a p.d of 25000V. what speed does it gain?
Minister Reply
@Minister; use equation v= sq root(2×eV/m)
Sikandar
what is the reaction of heat on magnet
ORIZINO Reply
Magnetization decreases with increase in temperature. But in case of diamagnetic substance heat has no role on magnetization.
srikanta
what is a physical significant of electric dipole moment .
PRANAB Reply
A dipole moment it's a mechanical electrical effect used in nature
Antonio
what is the uses of carbon brushes in generator
Malik Reply
to minimize heat
constand
at what temperature is the degree Fahrenheit equal to degree Celsius
Grace Reply
Celsius and Faharaneith are different, never equal
Antonio
find their liners express of n=a+b/T² ( plot graph n against T)
Donsmart Reply
Practice Key Terms 9

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Source:  OpenStax, University physics volume 2. OpenStax CNX. Oct 06, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12074/1.3
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