<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Positive responsibility

Positive/proactive responsibility focuses on preventing harm and striving for supererogatory value-realization. You are working on an assembly line and see your coworker unconsciously taking a risk that could, under the right configuration of events, cause an accident. You make him aware of this risky habit and work with him to change it all the while taking care not blame him or attribute it to him as a fault. Your coworker could, and at least initially probably will say, that it is none of your business. But you make it clear that you are doing this because you are concerned and want to work with him to avoid an injury. More and more, companies are working to take injury prevention out of the negative and punitive stance and make it part of an approach that emphasizes non-fault prevention. But even more than prevention, positive responsibility can lie int he pursuit of the supererogatory. Here one takes responsibility even if prior to the act of commitment, it was not not obligatory. One delivers an unexpected good work or even offers a sacrifice of an important interest in the pursuit of an excellence. Positive responsibility sets behind itself issues of punishment and blame and recasts itself as the pursuit of excellence. In its most positive sense, responsibly becomes a virtue. (Pritchard, Harris, and Rabins discuss positive senses of responsibility in Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases 99-116. 2nd Edition. See also William F. May, "Professoinal Virtue and Self-Regulation," in ethical Issues in Professional Life, Oxford University Press, 1988. Finally see John Ladd "Bhopal: An Essay on Moral Responsibility and Civic Virtue" in Journal of Social Philosophy Vol. 22(1):73-91.)

Moral responsibility and the law

Moral responsibility cannot be reduced to legal responsibility. Yet, as Fingarette's investigation of criminal insanity shows, the two overlap and frequently compliment one another. Here it is absolutely essential to emphasize one fundamental difference. Legal responsibility focuses on the boundary between what is above the threshold of the minimally moral and what falls below. Moral responsibility begins with this minimal threshold or boundary but then proceeds to outline higher regions of what can be termed exemplary or supererogatory space. Another way of putting this is to hold that while moral responsibility can reflect legal responsibility by laying out the gateway between the blameworthy and the acceptable, it can also be formulated as a virtue or an excellence. Legal responsibility remains necessarily connected with blame and punishment. Moral responsibility at some point leaves these behind as it becomes associated with different morally reactive attitudes such as gratitude, admiration, and pride.

    Responsibility under civil law

  • A Tort is a wrongful injury. To prevail in a tort one must prove negligence, recklessness, or intent.
  • Negligence emerges out of the background of the normal or reasonable where due care is exercised. In other words, it arises from the failure to exercise due care.
  • Recklessness goes a step further. One consciously risks a harm but does so in pursuit of another intention or goal. So you may drive recklessly through the university but justify--in your own mind--this risk incurred on others because you are late to your job interview.
  • Intent is the worst of all three. Here the harm in question forms a central part of the agent's intention. The employee fired from his job intentionally introduces a virus into the workplace computer network shutting it down and producing financial loss. Injury intentionally brought about not only triggers compensation to make the victim whole; it may also trigger punitive damages, an invasion of civil law by criminal law.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Engineering ethics modules for ethics across the curriculum. OpenStax CNX. Oct 08, 2012 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10552/1.3
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Engineering ethics modules for ethics across the curriculum' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask