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Basic syntax errors in Java are explained.

Some errors are caused by violations of the syntax of Java. Although they are easy to understand, there is no easy way to find the exact causeof such errors except by checking the code around the location of the error character by character looking for the syntax error.


The syntax of Java is very specific about the required punctuation. This error occurs, for example, if you forget a semicolonat the end of a statement or don't balance parentheses:

if (i > j        // Error, unbalanced parentheses   max = i        // Error, missing semicolonelse   max = j;

Unfortunately, this syntax error is not necessarily caught precisely at the point of the mistake so you must carefully check the preceding characters inthe line or even in a previous line in order to find the problem.

Syntax error, insert ") Statement" to complete IfStatement
Syntax error, insert ";" to complete Statement
Eclipse is more informative as to the precise syntax error encountered.

unclosed string literal

String literals must be enclosed in quotation marks. A literal is a source-code representation of a value; most literals are of primitive types like int or char , but there are also literals of type String and the literal null of any reference type. This error occurs if you fail to terminate the literal with quotation marks. Fortunately, the syntax of Javarequires that a string literal appear entirely on one line so the error message appears on the same line as the mistake. If you need a string literal that islonger than a single line, create two or more literals and concatenate them with + :

String longString =   "This is first half of a long string " +  "and this is the second half.";

Eclipse: String literal is not properly closed by a double-quote In Eclipse you can write a string literal of arbitrary length and the environment will break the string and insert the + automatically.

illegal start of expression

Most programming constructs are either statements or expressions. This error occurs when an expression is expected but not found. In Java, an assignment statement is considered to be an expression which returns a value , so errors concerning expressions also apply to assignment statements. The value of an assignment statement considered as an expressionis the value of the expression on the right-hand side that is assigned to the variable on the left-hand side. Examples:

  • An extra right parenthesis after the condition of an if -statement: if (i > j) )        // Error, extra parenthesis   max = i; Eclipse: Syntax error on token ")", delete this token The syntax of a programming language is defined in terms of tokens consisting of one or more characters. Identifiers and reserved keywords are tokens as are singlecharacters like + and sequences of characters like != . Eclipse diagnoses this as a simple syntax error and does not mention expressions.
  • Forgetting the right-hand side of an assignment statement: max = ;            // Error, missing right-hand side Eclipse: Syntax error on token "=", Expression expected after this token

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
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I know this work
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
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how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
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Jeffrey Reply
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I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
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I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
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Commplementary angles
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what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
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I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
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what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Compile and runtime errors in java. OpenStax CNX. Dec 28, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10913/1.2
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