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Educational level and years of education revealed are demographics that seem to have an influence on the perceptions that educators have regarding the ELCC standards. The difference noted is the higher value that educators with initial degrees place on instructional leadership than educators with advanced degrees. Perhaps this is the result of an emphasis on instruction in teacher training programs. Another interpretation could be that educators with advanced degrees more fully accept instructional leadership responsibilities, rely more on their own abilities in this area, and look to the leader for the systemic management of the school. To continue with this line of thinking, this shouldering of the instructional leadership responsibility may account for the most experienced educators, usually those with advanced degrees, lower perception of the value of the instructional leadership standard. This does not, however, shed any light on why those teachers with 10-19 years of experience place the highest value on instructional leadership. One explanation could be that these are the educators who have been directly involved with the education process before and after the higher accountability required from the No Child Left Behind legislation. They have experienced the critical part that leadership plays in improving achievement school wide.


The value of the ELCC professional standards for school administrators is generally agreed on by all educators, administrators and teachers. This finding compliments Marshall’s (1999) earlier research regarding the similar prioritization of the ISLCC standards by both administrators and teachers. It is heartening to know that educators have shared values. This creates a solid foundation for future work.

The traditional roles of administrators and teachers in schools are changing. When we consider the work of teachers, administrators, school leadership teams, principal facilitators, professional learning communities, teachers on special assignment, and assistant principals in charge of school management, we begin to see the lines blur between what is traditionally viewed as leadership and teacher roles in schools. The need for talent, expertise, and collaboration has never been greater regardless of who is involved. School improvement needs everyone. The results of this study and the findings Mangin (2007) call for principal preparation programs to provide information about the purpose and the role of principal in fostering effective teacher leadership.

Further study of the principal and teacher leader relationship in general, and by gender, specifically, would contribute to understanding the multiple facets of how administrators and teachers can work together toward school improvement. But on the basics, we agree. Simply put, administrators and teachers agree on what are the most important standards and see them in practice.


Avia de Lima, J. (2008). Department networks and distributed leadership in schools. School Leadership and Management, 28 (2), 159-187.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea education leadership review, volume 10, number 2; august 2009. OpenStax CNX. Feb 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10710/1.2
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