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Inleiding

In die wêreld rondom ons word inligting dikwels in die vorm van syfers, grafieke en tabelle gegee. Ons sien dit op die televisie, op die radio en in die koerante. Ons word blootgestel aan misdaadsyfers, sportuitslae, reënval, die uitgawes van die regering, die tempo van HIV/VIGS infeksie, bevolkingsgroei en ekonomiese groei.

Hierdie hoofstuk demonstreer hoe Wiskunde gebruik kan word om data te manipuleer, om data en tendense voor te stel of wan voor te stel en om oplossings te bied wat direk betrekking het op die wêreld rondom ons.

Vaardighede wat in vorige grade verwerf is en verband hou met die versameling, organisering, uitbeelding, analise en interpretasie van inligting, word hier verder ontwikkel.

Hersiening van vorige werk

Dataversameling is in vorige grade bekendgestel as 'n manier om antwoorde te kry vir vrae wat te make het met die wêreld rondom ons.

Data en datainsameling

Data

Data

Data verwys na inligting wat waargeneem of opgeneem is as deel van 'n eksperiment of 'n meningspeiling. Daar is twee tipes data: primêre en sekondêre data. Die woord "data" is die meervoud van die woord "datum".

Data kan geklassifiseer word as primêr of sekondêr , en primêre en sekondêre data kan verder geklassifiseer word as kwalitatief of kwantitatief . [link] som die klassifikasie van data op.

Klassifikasie van data
  • beskryf die oorspronklike data wat versamel is. Hierdie tipe data staan ook bekend as rou data. Dikwels is die primêre datastel baie groot en moet dit opgesom of verwerk word om betekenisvolle inligting uit te lig.
  • is inligting wat nie met getalle beskryf kan word nie, byvoorbeeld as jy data insamel oor hoe mense voel of wat hul gunstelingkleur is.
  • is inligting wat geskryf kan word as getalle, byvoorbeeld as jy data insamel oor mense se lengte of massa.
  • is primêre data wat opgesom of verwerk is. Die stel kleure wat mense as hul gunstelingkleure aangedui het, is 'n voorbeeld van sekondêre data omdat dit 'n opsomming is van mense se antwoorde.

Die proses om primêre data om te skakel na sekondêre data deur analise, groepering of organisering is die proses waardeur informasie geskep word.

Doelwit van die insameling van primêre data

Data word versamel om antwoorde te kry wat help om 'n sekere situasie beter te verstaan. Hier is 'n paar voorbeelde van dataversameling uit die regte wêreld wat kwalitatiewe en kwantitatiewe data illustreer.

Kwalitatiewe data

  • Die plaaslike regering sal wil weet hoeveel inwoners elektrisiteit het en mag dan aan hulle vra: "Het jou huis 'n veilige, ononderbroke toevoer van elektrisiteit vanaf die nasionale kragvoorsiener (Eskom)?"
  • 'n Maatskappy wat medisyne vervaardig mag vra: "Hoe effektief verlig ons pil hoofpyn?" Daar kan dan aan mense wat die pil gebruik om hoofpyn te verlig, gevra word: "Hoe baie help ons pil om jou hoofpyn weg te neem?" Die maatskappy kan dan op grond van mense se antwoorde bepaal hoe effektief hul produk is.
  • 'n Motormaatskappy wil hulle kliëntediens verbeter en kan dan aan kliënte vra: "Hoe kan ons ons kliëntediens verbeter?"
  • 'n Supermarkbestuurder mag vra: "Watter tipes gaskoeldrank moet ek in my supermark in voorraad hê?" Daar mag dan miskien aan klante gevra word: "Wat is jou gunsteling gaskoeldrank?" Die klante se keuse of voorkeur is 'n voorbeeld van kwalitatiewe data.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula textbooks: wiskunde (graad 10) [caps]. OpenStax CNX. Aug 04, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11328/1.4
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