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Companies by operating territories

Access to markets is an important factor to any companies no mater its size or annual revenue. Davies&Weinstein 1999 argued the evidence of the importance of increasing returns, in combination with comparative advantage resulting in the importance of market access in economic geography of course included in these comparative advantages are also regulatory factors as is the case for the US and Europe in the form of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Association (EMA). To consider access to markets of the KTN respondent’s areas of operation by sector and size (both employment and turnover) were considered. 100% of all respondents indicated that they operate within the United Kingdom as can be seen in [link] with an interesting saturation of by sectors of the US, Germany, France, Other Western Europe and China with above 50% of most sectors in operation in those regions. Within the respondents of the KTN is the Manufacturing sector that has a higher proportionality of operation within Canada, Australasia, India, Other Asia, Central/South America and Other Eastern Europe. Manufacturing traditionally is more mature in their growth phase and are more financial stability, and has slower growth, with high emphasis on spending and cost control, and less emphasis on R&D and growth strategies (Rudd 2008). These “Cost Control” may well be the reasons of choosing these locations as they historically have a low labour cost. Whereas the Bio-Tech sector, populated with more small companies ( [link] ) has a higher proportionality of areas of operation that have a larger market share and comparative advantage/influence as Davies&Weinstein 1999 and Hanson 2005 argue, and a more traditional decline in areas that are have less of a market advantage/influence.

Overall region(s) operational per company sector.

For the purpose of this study location of operation cannot solely be dictated by sector alone and the dichotomy of company size and annual revenue plays a key factor on a companies abilities. As could be expected and seen in [link] and [link] , small companies find it hard to cover more space less geographical cover than large companies. Yet small companies have a higher population in the areas that could possibly give them low cost advantages.

Overall region(s) operational per company size.
Overall region(s) operational per annual revenue size.

Interestingly though looking at areas of operation by annual revenue the companies less than £10m annual revenue are more evenly spread globally. This may be due to several factors that could leverage low cost advantage to them i.e., knowledge hubs and expertise in those locations. University expertise and knowledge, especially in the field of Nanotechnology, is important to the growth of companies and ability to innovate.

As can be seen in [link] and [link] that there a good proportion of both small and large companies spread through the more developed region that have a stronger ability to manage and regulate as would be expected large companies with higher annual revenue have a high percentage of global spread where those with annual revenue less than £10m have a smaller distribution globally. Yip et al. 2006 argues, “Managers of the large British companies need to be competitive internationally” (Yip et al. 2006). Yip et al. 2006 and Osegowitsch 2008 argues that revenues is a metric indicating the ability of a company to work globally, where as they are a better and more stable indicator over time because small enterprises can have very large market capitalisations (Yip et al. 2006, Osegowitsch 2008). Malbert et al. (2003) notes that companies of different sizes tended to do different things in their implementations of their resource planning and that there were differences in the outcomes and benefits attained by the enterprises. This follows suit to the regional importance to the respondents in the KTN questionnaire. In the case of China interestingly the literature argues that the Chinese Nationals educated abroad in technology fields are moving back to China as it is becoming a more Technology Economy (Bradsher 2010).

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
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Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
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Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
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