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  • Must the fabric have specific instructions for washing?
  • The design stage

You will need:

  • newspaper
  • pencil
  • tape measure
  • pins / sellotape
  • old shirts
  • brown paper / unprinted paper

Assignment 1:

[lo 1.12]

Step 1:

Try on the old shirt to see whether it still fits you properly. If the fit is slightly tight or loose, you must bear this in mind so that you can make adjustments to the width at the seams.

Step 2:

Carefully unpick the seams of the old shirt. Place the different parts on a large sheet of newspaper and trace the outlines carefully, using a pencil. At this stage you must ensure that the shirt will fit properly. If necessary, you must use a tape measure and adjust the measurements of different parts to do so. If you should like to change the style, it must also be done at this point. You might decide to change the round neckline to a V-neckline, to have long sleeves instead of short sleeves, or to cut the shirt shorter, and so on.

Step 3:

Cut out the different pattern pieces and pin them together, using straight pins. Fit the pattern loosely around you to see how you are managing. Check whether you have made proper allowance for all the seams and hems. Is the length correct? Are the sleeves long enough? Check all aspects of the pattern. Then indicate the notches that will ensure that you fit the different pattern pieces together correctly.

Step 4:

You may now remove the pins and lay out the pattern pieces neatly on unprinted paper before tracing the final pattern. Cut out these pattern pieces.

Step 5:

Study the different pieces of a bought pattern to find out as much as you can about the information that is given on the different pattern pieces. Try to transfer the most important information to your own pattern pieces, e.g.:

  • How many of each pattern piece you need to cut out (you will have one pattern piece for a sleeve, because the sleeves will be the same).
  • How many cm are allowed for seams.
  • he direction in which the pattern pieces should be laid on the fabric.
  • The name of the pattern piece: this probably is the most important information.
  • Whether the pattern piece should be laid against a fold?

Step 6:

Fabric is usually sold in 3 approximate widths: 900 mm; 1 150 mm or 1 500 mm. Join newspapers together to obtain these widths and lay your pattern pieces out on these to try to work out approximately how much fabric you will need for your garment.

Step 7:

Get suitable cloth for your garment. (You need not use expensive fabric).

Lay out the pattern pieces on the fabric according to the necessary specifications and pin them to the fabric. (It is important to work on a clean, smooth surface that is large enough).

Cut out the pattern, using a sharp pair of scissors. Work with care to ensure that you indicate all the notches clearly. Try to keep your cutting line straight, with long even cuts. Do not unpin the pattern from the fabric, or you might have difficulty in recognising the different parts afterwards.

  1. Making the shirt
  1. Hand sewing or sewing machine?

Do not become discouraged if you do not know how to use a sewing machine, or do not have one available. You can manage equally well with a needle and tread.

Study the sketches below to learn more about the basic stitches that you will need for seams and hems. Practise sewing them on a piece of fabric.

  1. Tacking stitch : If the stitches are long, they are meant to hold the pieces of the pattern together temporarily. If the stitches are fine and close together, they can be regarded as permanent stitches. You usually start your sewing with a knot in the thread.
  1. Backstitch : These very small stitches form a sturdy seam. At the beginning and the end of a seam, the thread should be worked in firmly.
  1. Hem stitch : Small, slanted stitches that are used to sew hems. They should preferably not show on the right side of the fabric. Sew the thread in securely at the beginning and at the end of a hem.

  1. We'll finish the shirt step by step.

What do you need?

  • Cut out pattern pieces.
  • Thread to match the fabric.
  • Tacking thread in a different colour.
  • Pins.
  • needle.
  • A sharp pair of scissors.

Do the work as follows:

  • Sew the facings for the front and back to the neckline edges. Remember to pin it in place first, then to tack and then to stitch. Iron the seams flat.
  • Sew front and back sections together at the shoulders (right sides of fabric must be placed together). Iron the seams neatly.
  • Sew both sleeves to the arm openings.
  • Sew the side and sleeve seams (underarm seams) all the way to the sleeve edge.
  • Decide how long the sleeves and the shirt body should be, pin the hems, tack and sew neatly. Iron, if necessary.

Neatly sew down the facing around the neckline, using hemstitch. Iron the whole garment , if necessary.

  1. Fitting:

You may now try on the shirt to see what it looks like. If it is a loose-fitting T-shirt, seams that aren't perfectly straight will not be too noticeable.

Next, you can organise a competition to design a suitable emblem for grade seven and paint it on your shirts, using fabric paint. By doing this, you will be creating a garment that will always remain unique and remind you of your grade seven year.

How successful is my product?

Next, you as a class must, under leadership of you educator, establish a set of criteria that you could apply to evaluate your final product, which, in this case, is the T-shirt. Make use of factors such as the following:

  1. how well does the shirt fit?
  2. is it comfortable?
  3. how good is the finish?
  4. is the emblem striking?
  5. is the fabric that was selected suitable?
  6. and so on …

Set up a standard table according to which each item (shirt) that was made can be evaluated and choose a winning T-shirt.


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLSThe learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
Investigates :1.1 investigates the background context, the nature of the need, the environmental situation, and the people concerned when given a problem, need or opportunity set in a local context;
Evaluates :1.12 evaluates the product or system based on criteria linked directly to the design brief and some of the specifications and constraints, and suggests improvements or modifications.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11032/1.1
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