<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


Grade 7

Processing: textiles

Module 18

Making a garment

Making a garment

Before you can make a garment, you need to have a pattern. Patterns simply are sheets of paper or cardboard. Each pattern piece is shaped precisely and serves as a master copy according to which you cut the different parts of the garment out of fabric. It is possible to buy a different pattern for each garment or to use a basic pattern, like dressmakers, and adjust it according to need. But before you can cut out a pattern, you need to know what your measurements are.

  1. Taking your measurements

Use a tape measure and write down the necessary measurements in the table. You will need a helper to take some of the measurements. Study the sketch on the following page to ensure that the measurements are taken correctly.

These are some important guidelines :

  1. Be relaxed while your measurements are taken.
  2. If you pull in your tummy, the garment may be too tight when it is finished.
  3. Use the tape measure loosely rather that tightly. It is easy to cut away excess fabric if the pieces are too large, but you cannot add on fabric when they are too small.
  4. If a measurement is not measurable to the centimetre, round it off to the following centimetre.
  5. Your body is still growing and you must make allowances for such growth.
Measurements My measurements in cm
Shoulder length
Shoulder to waist
Shoulder to hip
Shoulder to chest line
Arm (length)
Inner leg
Outer leg


  • How would you adjust the above measurements when you want to make a loose-fitting T-shirt?
  • Must pattern pieces be made to the exact size of the garment?
  • How would you indicate where different pattern pieces have to be stitched to one another?
  • What fabric / kind of paper should be used to make pattern pieces?
  • The pattern

The following shows a typical pattern for a garment. Can you suggest what kind of garment will be made from this pattern?

  • The solid line indicates the edge of the pattern along which you have to cut.
  • The dotted line that is 15 mm inside the solid line indicates the line along which the pattern pieces must be sewn to one another.
  • This 15 mm-wide area is the seam allowance.
  • You have to allow at least 30 mm at the lower edges of pattern pieces for hems when you are cutting out the pattern.
  • The single and double notches show you where pattern pieces have to be aligned (placed together).

The arrow shows how the pattern piece must be laid on the fabric when you want to cut it out.

The product

Designing my own pattern

  • You are going to design a pattern for a T-shirt for yourself.
  • How long should the T-shirt be?
  • Should the neckline be rounded or V-shaped?
  • The neck opening should slip over your head. How are you going to achieve this?
  • Should the shirt fit or be loose?
  • What type of fabric will suit the purpose of the shirt?
  • What type of fabric will you use?
  • Must it be soft / elastic / absorbent?
  • Must it be expensive? For what purpose will you use it?
  • Must the fabric be colourful or plain?
  • Will you decorate it with some painting or appliqué?
  • Must the fabric be crease resistant? Do you like ironing?

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11032/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Technology grade 7' conversation and receive update notifications?