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Acknowledgements

Introduction to Sociology is based on the work of numerous professors, writers, editors, and reviewers who are able to bring topics to students in the most engaging way.

We would like to thank all those listed below as well as many others who have contributed their time and energy to review and provide feedback on the manuscript. Especially Clint Lalonde and team at BC Campus for sharing the updates they made for use in this edition, and the team at Stark State College for their editorial support in this update. Their input has been critical in maintaining the pedagogical integrity and accuracy of the text.

Contributing authors

Heather Griffiths, Fayetteville State University*
Nathan Keirns, Zane State College*
Eric Strayer, Hartnell College*
Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Georgia Perimeter College
Gail Scaramuzzo, Lackawanna College
Tommy Sadler, Union University
Sally Vyain, Ivy Tech Community College*
Jeff Bry, Minnesota State Community and Technical College at Moorhead*
Faye Jones, Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College

*individuals who were contributors to the 2 nd edition

Expert reviewers

Rick Biesanz, Corning Community College
Cynthia Heddlesten, Metropolitan Community College
Janet Hund, Long Beach City College
Thea Alvarado, College of the Canyons
Daysha Lawrence, Stark State College
Sally Vyain, Ivy Tech Community College
Natashia Willmott, Stark State College
Angela M. Adkins, Stark State College
Carol Jenkins, Glendale Community College
Lillian Marie Wallace, Pima Community College
J. Brandon Wallace, Middle Tennessee State University
Gerry R. Cox, professor emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
David Hunt, Augusta State University
Jennifer L. Newman-Shoemake, Angelo State University, and Cisco College
Matthew Morrison, University of Virginia
Sue Greer-Pitt, Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College
Faye Jones, Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College
Athena Smith, Hillsborough Community College
Kim Winford, Blinn College
Kevin Keating, Broward College
Russell Davis, University of West Alabama
Kimberly Boyd, Piedmont Virginia Community College
Lynn Newhart, Rockford College
Russell C. Ward, Maysville Community and Technical College
Xuemei Hu, Union County College
Margaret A. Choka, Pellissippi State Community College
Cindy Minton, Clark State Community College
Nili Kirschner, Woodland Community College
Shonda Whetstone, Blinn College
Elizabeth Arreaga, instructor emerita at Long Beach City College
Florencio R. Riguera, Catholic University of America
John B. Gannon, College of Southern Nevada
Gerald Titchener, Des Moines Area Community College
Rahime-Malik Howard, El Centro College, and Collin College
Jeff Bry, Minnesota State Community and Technical College at Moorhead
Cynthia Tooley, Metropolitan Community College at Blue River
Carol Sebilia, Diablo Valley College
Marian Moore, Owens Community College
John Bartkowski, University of Texas at San Antonio
Shelly Dutchin, Western Technical College

Supplements

Accompanying the main text is an Instructor’s PowerPoint file, which includes all of the images and captions found throughout the text and an Instructor’s test bank.

Disclaimer

All photos and images were licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license at the time they were placed into this book. The CC-BY license does not cover any trademarks or logos in the photos. If you have questions about regarding photos or images, please contact us at info@openstaxcollege.org.

Questions & Answers

. What is the micro-macro relationship and how does it relate to the sociological imagination? b. Provide four situational sets as examples that explain the social construction of reality using the framework C. W. Mills theoretical discourse.
Kevorn Reply
how to critically analysis social behaviors of class
Boakye Reply
thanks
Fighter
oh hello
Ghulam
which place this
Routlode
please i want reasons why sociology is important to be studied by a nurse
Mhiyharrh
Sociology helps nurses to identify the psycho- social problems of patients , which helps important the quality of treatment. It helps the nurses understand the behavior & conflicts.
Holly
@Mhiyharrh Baby, don't forget the social science which an umbrella that emcopasses sociology and other social sciences was under natural science but inability of natural science to study and fund solutions to the problems of human interaction (social) gave birth to social science (sociology) thus,
Ahmed
Thanks please i want more
Mhiyharrh
Sociology helps you as nurse in critically studying and analysing the psychological, physiology and environmental factors surrounding the health status of a patients, their reactions and interactions with the environment plays a major role in medication. as a nurse, sociology prepared for the basis
Ahmed
of understanding individual cultural differences which encompasses all factor that may facilitate effective hospitalization. in a nutshell, sociology equipped you to understand your patients in relation to their ailment. thanks
Ahmed
thanks
Mhiyharrh
it helps nurses understand behavior, interpersonal relationship, group adaptation etc of different people working in the hospital.
thanks
Mhiyharrh
excellent information. thanks
evadne
what is meant by reference group
Akak
reference group are particular group whose members attitudes, beliefs, and behavior serve for us first as a source of norms and second as a yardstick for comparison.
wow. what is sociology
Routlode
sociology is a interpretative discipline which dealt with the human behaviour, interaction etc
Akak
what is meant by descent and lineage
Akak
Descent is a social group of people that's identified by a common ancestor, real or imagined.
who give the concept of negative education
Zahid Reply
Is sociology a good optional subject for upsc
sohit Reply
yes
Albert
yes sociology is a good optional .Even Anu Kumari got rank 2 in 2017 upsc exam with sociology optional.
ANU
thanks for your suggestion
sohit
actually I also want to take sociology optional for upsc
ANU
Woow
Derrick
hello i am new to this subject ... anyone plz explain difference between social and sociological problems ...
Ali
what's Feminism?
samuel Reply
the adocacy on the ground the rights for women in the basis of sexism
Atta
wat is the concept of social living
Sherie Reply
what is egoistic suicide
Ghulam
egoistic suicide is when someone commits suicide as part of not feeling like they belong in society. It is also when someone struggles to find a reason to live and people who do commit egoistic suicide have weak or very little social bonds to their society.
Holly
is it that they dont have the relation with others in the society or they dont try to fit in...or better still they are mostly rejected
Barimah
A social structure is where human beings in a society interact & live together. A social life is seen as an individual's interpersonal relationships within peoples immediate surroundings or general public.
Holly
what is sexism
Gelana Reply
I'm not sure of the exact definition. I will define it as: the sociological term that refers to inequality and bias between the two genders.
Elizabeth
well. it the study is social interaction, and society
EMMANUEL
sexism is the descrimination in the basis of a person's gender.
Albert
what are the main contributions of Emile Durkheim to sociology
Alkemi Reply
what is meant by egoistic suicide
Ghulam
jh
kamran
discuss man's ability to function in the that ensure his survival
Beatrice
what are social facts
Gideon Reply
what is social facts
Gideon
what is social facts
Gideon
social facts: a thing originating in the institutions or culture of a society which affects the behaviour or attitudes of an individual member of that society.
the
So facts are in the institutions or culture of society that affects the behaviour or attitudes of an individual in society.
Holly
what is the scope of introduction to sociology
Ambrose Reply
what is sociol class and how sociol class is achieved
Ghulam
I understand that sociologists study society looking at its pattern. Is the pattern of a society or social world a fixed one? Please help me out.
Jimmy Reply
hi guys,am Eva,its the first am doing sociology. its new to me
evadne Reply
same
Holly
West Midlands UK you
Holly
yh me too
eroll
same here
Justbe
Kingston, Jamaica
evadne
yh and me to
Elizabeth
any input on it
evadne
me too
Abshar
me too😊
the
hlooo
Ghulam
cool
Holly
no its not new for you may be for other
Gelana
what are the types of cultures in sociology
Isreal Reply
can I just have the terms of the different families
Its Reply
Thanks a lot for welcoming me on board as we all interact and learn from each other.
Jimmy
there are many different types of families from two parents & children, single parent which consists of one parent raising one or more children on her/his own. then you the extended family structure from two or more adults who are related, either by blood or marriage, living in the same home.
Holly
important of sociology in the society
Maxine Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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