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The five pulses

The five pulses used in this experiment are shown in Figure 6 .

Figure 6. Five pulses with additive sinusoids.
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Unlike in the previous two cases shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4 , each of these pulses has a different shape from the others. In other words, in theprevious two cases, each pulse simply looked like a longer or shorter version of the other pulses. That is not the case in this example.

(Note however that the third pulse in Figure 6 looks just like the third pulse in Figure 4 . They were created using the same parameters. However, none of the other pulses in Figure 6 look like the corresponding pulses in Figure 4 , and none of the pulses in Figure 6 look like the pulses in Figure 1 .)

Spectral analysis results

Figure 7 shows the result of performing spectral analysis on the five time series containing the pulses shown in Figure 6 .

Figure 7. Spectral analyses of five pulses.
missing image

Peaks for first two pulses are now resolvable

When we examine the code, you will see that the frequency separation for the first two pulses has been increased to the reciprocal of the pulse length ineach case. This results in the two peaks in the spectrum for each of the first two pulses being resolvable in Figure 7 .

Third pulse hasn't changed

The spectrum for the third pulse shown in Figure 7 is almost identical to the spectrum for the third pulse shown in Figure 5 . The only difference is that I had to decrease the vertical scaling on all of the plots in Figure 5 to keep the peak in the top plot within the bounds of the plot.

Spectral peaks for last two pulses are closer

When we examine the code, you will also see that the frequency separation for the last two pulses has been decreased to the reciprocal of the pulse length ineach case. This results in the two peaks in the spectrum for each of the last two pulses being closer than before in Figure 7 .

The peaks in the bottom two plots in Figure 7 appear to be resolvable, but we can't be absolutely certain because they are so close together, particularly forthe last plot.

(If you expand the Frame to full screen when you run this program, you will see that the two peaks are resolvable, but I can't do that and staywithin this narrow publication format.)

Expand the horizontal plotting scale

Figure 8 adjusts the plotting parameters to cause the left-most one-fourth of the data in Figure 7 to be plotted in the full width of the Frame in Figure 8 .

Figure 8. Expanded spectral analyses of five pulses.
missing image

The peaks are barely resolvable

Figure 8 shows that the two peaks are barely resolvable for all five of the pulses shown in Figure 6 .

(There is no space between the peaks at the baseline in Figure 8 , but the plots do go almost down to the baseline half way between the two peaks.)

The program named Dsp033

The plots in Figure 7 and Figure 8 were produced by running the program named Dsp033 and plotting the results with the program named Graph03 .

A complete listing of the program named Dsp033 is shown in Listing 14 near the end of the module.

This program is the same as Dsp032 except that the separation between the frequencies of the two sinusoids is the reciprocal of the length of the pulse ineach case.

Questions & Answers

how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Digital signal processing - dsp. OpenStax CNX. Jan 06, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11642/1.38
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