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'n Paar honderd kilometer verder noordoos lê 'n uitgestrekte landingsterrein van 100 000 vierkante kilometer waar bemande Sojoes-kapsules met valskerms in die woestyn neerplof en dan deur militêre helikopters opgepik word.

Die afgelope tien jaar het die dorp agteruit gegaan, maar sedert 1996 het die invloei van internasionale kapitaal weer lewe gebring. Daar is weer 'n plaaslike koerant en selfs 'n internetkafee.

Dit is hiervandaan wat Mark Shuttleworth en sy twee kollegas op 25 April 2002 vertrek het vir 'n verblyf van 10 dae op die Internasionale Ruimtestasie in die ruimte.

Opdrag 2:

Om as groep te dink en te redeneer

[lu 5.1.2]

Lees die teksgedeelte oor Baikonoer.

  1. Nog steeds 'n groepbespreking:
  1. Hoekom was die Russe so geheimsinnig oor die oprig van Baikonoer?
  2. Hoekom het hulle die dorp juis dààr gebou?
  3. Hoekom was daar 'n sementfabriek?
  4. Hoekom was daar 'n aanloopbaan?
  5. Hoekom was daar luukse blyplekke vir die Russiese elite?
  6. Wat is die Russiese elite?
  7. Hoekom was daar 'n vuurpylbrandstoffabriek?
  8. Wat was Terrein 10?
  9. Hoekom het die Russe die dorp "die poort na die sterre" genoem?
  10. Hoe dink julle is dit om 'n werker in Baikonoer te wees?

Die sojoes-ruimtetuig en -werkesel in ruimte-eeu

Die Sojoes-ruimtetuig is beknop, die uitsig swak, die rit ongemaklik en die ontwerp meer as drie dekades oud.

Tog is dit een van die betroubaarste tuie wat die ruimte-wedloop opgelewer het.

Presies 35 jaar gelede, op 23 April 1967, is Sojoes 1 van Baikonoer gelanseer - van dieselfde blad waar Mark Shuttleworth op Donderdag 25 April 2002 in 'n Sojoes vertrek het.

In die drie dekades sedertdien het dié klein tuig 'n rol gespeel in feitlik elk van die Sowjet-Unie se grootste ruimteprestasies - en ook sy grootste tragedies.

Vandag, honderde vlugte later, is die Sojoes steeds 'n onmisbare deel van die program om die internasionale ruimtestasie (IRS) aan die gang te hou.

Enersyds word die Sojoes as "taxi" gebruik om bemanningslede heen en weer tussen die aarde en die ruimtestasie te vervoer. Andersyds is die Sojoes die IRS se amptelike "reddingsboot".

Daar is deurentyd minstens een Sojoes aan die ruimtestasie gekoppel waarin die drie bemanningslede kan ontsnap as daar fout sou kom. Die Russe se hoofdoel met die sending was om die bestaande Sojoestuig aan die IRS te vervang.

Die binnekant van die Sojoes kan ten beste as "funksioneel" bestempel word. Die drie sitplekke is styf langs mekaar. Tydens Donderdag se lansering het die boord-tegnikus, Roberto Vittori, links gesit, die bevelvoerder, Joeri Gidzenko, in die middel by die beheerpaneel, en Mark Shuttleworth regs.

Tydens die aftelling voor die lansering word die kapsule se vensters deur 'n metaalskede bedek.

Ondanks die Sojoes se 35 jaar diens is dit nooit gebruik vir die doel waarvoor dit oorspronklik ontwerp is nie: 'n bemande vlug na die maan.

Sojoes 1 is op 23 April 1967 gelanseer - met rampspoedige gevolge. Op die vlug het Wladimir Komarof deurgaans gesukkel om die tuig te beheer. Met die terugkeerslag het die Sojoes se valskerm nie behoorlik ontplooi nie. Die tuig het die grond teen 'n hoë snelheid getref en ontplof.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
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s.
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Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
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Ebrahim
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s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Cied
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I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
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Porter
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what is nano technology
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
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Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
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after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
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silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
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I'm interested in Nanotube
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this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
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Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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Source:  OpenStax, Afrikaans huistaal graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11016/1.1
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