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English home language

Grade 5

Jeepers creepers

Module 4

Punctuation; gender; vocabulary

Follow the paws . . .

Gemma and Pasha will be travelling with us this year. We will meet up with them in each unit. Look out for them and their friends!

What is Gemma doing wrong? Why is she not making sense?

That’s right !!

We stop at the end of a sentence when we speak. Sometimes while we are speaking, we even pause a while. We use our voices differently when we ask a question or exclaim at something. When we write, we use full stops, commas, question marks and exclamation marks – and this makes what we say, easier to understand.

Let’s start with the capital letters

Briefly jot down where we would use capital letters.

Circle all the places in the following paragraph where capital letters have not been used:

Let’s quickly make notes so that we do not forget what we have discovered.

We use capital letters for the following:

  • specific names of people and places, of towns and countries, of buildings, of books – in fact, anything that is a proper noun (do you still remember what you learnt about proper nouns last year?). Write down a few examples and do the same for each of the following:
  • names of the days of the week, months of the year and festivals
  • the first word of a new sentence:
  • the word “i”
  • Can you think of three more examples? Write them down.


  1. xuas tied mr baboon up and drank water from the dam.
  2. sir warthog, jack jackal and leo leopard refused to guard the dam on monday and tuesday.
  3. i read this story to thandi, susie and calvin.
  4. peter promised to buy the book in cape town after christmas.

Now I know where to use capital letters! [LO 4.4.3; 6.2.6]


What are the following punctuation marks called and how are they used?

  1. λ A full stop is used _____ . Complete and give an example.
  2. ? A question mark is used ____ . Example (write your own sentence):
  3. ! An _____ mark is used to show ____ . Example: (own sentence)


  • mr tortoise said he would save the water for the animals
  • no
  • did the leopard and jackal offer to help
  • may i have some more water
  • let me go
  • xuas hopped onto mr tortoise’s back and sat down
  • Commas are used:
  • to separate the items in a list, e.g. ____

to separate the rest of the sentence from the person being spoken to, e.g. (Thank you, Thabo.) Write down your own example.

  • to stress specific words in the beginning of a sentence, e.g. (Yes, I will go home now.) Write down your own example.
  • to separate the two parts of a sentence when a person or thing is described or named in two ways, e.g. Gemma, the naughty puppy, chewed up my slippers. (Can you give your own example?)


(The asterisks serve as clues to help you.)

  1. *bees love roses * pansies * poppies and dahlias *
  2. *maja * the bee * is sunning herself on a petal *
  3. *no * leave the insect alone *
  4. *yes * *I don’t mind spiders at all *
  5. *peter * my friend * is frightened of spiders *
  6. *mark * are you also scared *

And how about these?

  1. i’ll beat you with my tail
  2. xuas slapped smacked beat and hammered mr tortoise on his back
  3. mr leopard come and see what is happening at the dam
  4. no leave mr baboon alone
  5. are you also sly mr tortoise
  6. tortoise lion leopard and jackal laughed to see the hare’s short tail
  7. xuas the clever hare had outwitted them again

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
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what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 04, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10971/1.1
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