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What responsibilities do university administrators, faculty, staff, and students have in regards to copyright? What copyright laws apply specifically to universities? This chapter provides an overview of copyright law in the university setting.

Chapter 9: Universities

Dr. Mendez and her graduate student spent most of a summer putting together the best-ever analysis of science fiction in the 1960s. They are planning to publish it in an academic journal, but the journal insisted on copyright clearance for some of the longer quotes. The writers would also like to post it on Dr. Mendez’s web site. Who owns the copyright of this article? Who can determine whether a quote needs copyright clearance? Who can determine whether or not to post it?

By the end of this chapter, you should be able to answer:

I. What are the copyright responsibilities of an educational institution?

II. What copyright rights and responsibilities do faculty have?

III. What copyright rights and responsibilities do students have?

IV. Why are Electronic Theses&Dissertations (ETDs) becoming popular?

  1. What are the responsibilities of an educational institution?

Many creative activities take place on a college or university campus, and many of the creations made on a campus are protected by copyright. Furthermore, the people teaching and learning on a campus use copyrighted materials in their studies every day. The ideal university environment is one in which copyright is understood and respected.

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 requires all campuses that act as ISPs (Internet Service Providers) to educate all campus members (students, staff, and faculty) about copyright. If they do so (and also list a copyright infringement contact agent at the Copyright Office), they may claim some immunity from infringement accusations. (U.S. Government 1998) This obligation was further strengthened by the HEOA (Higher Education Opportunity Act) in 2008. In order for an institution or its students to be eligible for Federal aid, the school must do four things every year: Inform all students that the “unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials” is against the law; provide a summary of penalties for violating Federal copyright laws; provide a summary of the institution’s policies for dealing with copyright infringement; and provide the students with a list of legal alternatives to file-sharing for acquiring music. (U.S. Government 2008)

While every university’s copyright policy will be written to meet their needs, some common topics are: how to assign copyright to materials created on campus; how instructors should use materials not belonging to them; and policies to guide the licensing of digital materials. Needless to say, a university copyright policy will need updating as new media and creations are developed.

Materials created on campus belong, in most instances, to their creator. A faculty member is an employee of the university and his or her works could be considered “Works Made For Hire.” Most universities, however, officially grant faculty full copyright in the articles, fiction, artwork, and scientific research they may publish. The faculty member’s class outlines, notes, and syllabi also belong to them. The granting of copyright to the faculty member is a tradition in higher education, and is not based on any part of copyright law. (Crews 2006, 15)

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
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Source:  OpenStax, Copyright for the rest of us. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11385/1.2
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