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Mossberger, Tolbert, and Gilbert (2006) demonstrated that the majority of the digital divide for African Americans could be explained by demographic and community-level characteristics, such as socioeconomic status and geographic location. For the Latino population, ethnicity alone, regardless of economics or geography, seemed to limit technology use. Liff and Shepard (2004) found that women, who are accessing technology shaped primarily by male users, feel less confident in their Internet skills and have less Internet access at both work and home. Finally, Guillen and Suarez (2005) found that the global digital divide resulted from both the economic and sociopolitical characteristics of countries.

Use of technology and social media in society by individuals

Do you own an e-reader or tablet? What about your parents or your friends? How often do you check social media or your cell phone? Does all this technology have a positive or negative impact on your life? When it comes to cell phones, 67 percent of users check their phones for messages or calls even when the phone wasn’t ringing. In addition, “44% of cell owners have slept with their phone next to their bed because they wanted to make sure they didn’t miss any calls, text messages, or other updates during the night and 29% of cell owners describe their cell phone as ‘something they can’t imagine living without’” (Smith 2012).

While people report that cell phones make it easier to stay in touch, simplify planning and scheduling their daily activities, and increase their productivity, that’s not the only impact of increased cell phone ownership in the United States. Smith also reports that “roughly one in five cell owners say that their phone has made it at least somewhat harder to forget about work at home or on the weekends; to give people their undivided attention; or to focus on a single task without being distracted” (Smith 2012).

A new survey from the Pew Research Center reported that 73 percent of adults engage in some sort of social networking online. Facebook was the most popular platform, and both Facebook users and Instagram users check their sites on a daily basis. Over a third of users check their sites more than once a day (Duggan and Smith 2013).

With so many people using social media both in the United States and abroad, it is no surprise that social media is a powerful force for social change. You will read more about the fight for democracy in the Middle East embodied in the Arab Spring in Chapters 17 and 21, but spreading democracy is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to using social media to incite change. For example, McKenna Pope, a thirteen-year-old girl, used the Internet to successfully petition Hasbro to fight gender stereotypes by creating a gender-neutral Easy-Bake Oven instead of using only the traditional pink color (Kumar 2014). Meanwhile in Latvia, two twenty-three-year-olds used a U.S. State Department grant to create an e-petition platform so citizens could submit ideas directly to the Latvian government. If at least 20 percent of the Latvian population (roughly 407,200 people) supports a petition, the government will look at it (Kumar 2014).

Questions & Answers

what does a sociologist do?
Chineye Reply
no. 1 question of the year :)
manisha
they do research about the society. society's concept, issues, problems and came up with some data about society and problems and work upon a solution by implementing methods. as what I think sir. but i can only know by joining the research centre and working with them.
manisha
A sociologist Examines social problems in society and tries to come up with their solutions through systematic investigation
ali
where are you from?
ali
Tanzania at Arusha,
Said
tanzonia in east africa?
ali
india
manisha
yes,
Said
welcom tz mr,
Said
how are u mr said
Dereck
fine how are?
Said
am fine mr dereck, how are you?
Said
Hello
Fatoumatta
hy
Vishal
am gud
Dereck
am in tanzania also
Dereck
you come on wassap or email
Dereck
what are the goals of the sociologist
Dereck
the goals of sociology is to learn the society how shoul proceed their life system in better ways and give society solutions they can solve their problems improving peaples attudes blieves behavior and so integration it examines social systems
Fatima
The goal of a sociologist is to study and understand the society in such , they can educate the public how to go about their social activities, cultures and how to fit and adjust to the society. It's also a goal for sociologist to identity problems affecting the society and how to solve them.
Fatoumatta
Hola!
Majid
I'm from pakistan , student of sociology .
Majid
A sociologist is someone who studies society and social behaviour by examining the groups, cultures, organizations, social institutions, and processes that people develop. Most sociologists work in research organizations, colleges and universities, regional and federal government .
Majid
since the society is like an organism it does grow and so changes , sociologist studies the society and it current growth to help us be able to adapt new features developed by the society through growth
Doris
What is the importance of sociology?
onoja
Sociology helps to profer solution to the societal problems
onoja
sociology is important for individuals because it throw light on the problems of individuals
teddy
discuss the manifest and latent function accordingly Parsons's view
Akak Reply
what does change means?
yashika Reply
elucidate the pattern variable.
Akak
social change means a change in the lifestyle, living pattern, structure, its a long process with time being. it happens with an invention of certain technology, measures, movement, law, modernisation, globalisation, industrialisation, NGOs, government measures, the green revolution, etc.
manisha
who is manishaa
Vishal
all answers have too
Vishal
I give my answer on the basis of what I learn and not copy paste as I have just now given 1st yr of the master in sociology exam.
manisha
can u plz help me how can I learnt sociology...
Vishal
miss manisha
Vishal
for 1st year of PG sociology
Vishal
by going through notes, there are many sites which provide sociology notes and FB pages and mrunal notes of ignou free pdf download and many books available in the market. just go through YouTube links also for help and guidance.
manisha
what are the importance of norms and values in the society?
Hawa Reply
it creates law and order in society. people get some restrictions and rules which they follow and this remain with the boundaries of these norms and values. it also brings identity to a particular group or individual
manisha
people come to know about certain guidelines in order to practice social life.
manisha
these guidelines are necessary for a child to learn in the process of socialisation.
manisha
it's the cultural practice which distinguishes people from other culture as applicable to their own society. As every society has their own norms and values.
manisha
how to become a good socialist
Dereck Reply
by reading
Yousef
by joining researchers or research centre after your education as per your nation.
manisha
what is the different btw material culture and non material culture
bolatito
material includes material objects, the belongings of a group of people, a physical structure where people worship, stores, automobiles. tangible things visible things. non-material culture includes ideas, attitudes and beliefs of society, intangible things..laws morals, custom, habits, capabilities
manisha
material includes material objects, physical/ tangible things such as clothes , shoes etc while non-material culture included all intangible things or abstract things such as laws morals, custom, habits, capabilities ideas, attitudes and beliefs of society,
MURAD
by reading
Gidan
critically explain how the agents of socialisation impacts sociaty
Gershom
when was sociology founded
Shaira Reply
it was founded since during primitive society but it became a profession due to sociologists such as Herbert spencer, Max Weber and
Dereck
so it was there before the modern societies created and became famous as a profession after the writings and theories of such sociologists that i named above
Dereck
i think you are getting me Shaira mohamed
Dereck
any other questions
Dereck
What is the best concise definition of sociology?
Solomon Reply
given in app
manisha
it's like this "it refers to the scientific study of societies as well as social interaction for example groups interaction
Dereck
Computer has gone berserk,, humanity at the mercy of machine,, discuss....
onoja Reply
I think both humanity and computer or internet goes hand in hand. it's a way of connecting humans.
manisha
Google it... that's better... I can't type , it's truck load of content
Trending
humanity & internet are interconnected each other.
Sa
I want read sociology in nepali
Pradeshu
not humanity but humans
Iqra
humanity is a byproduct of humans only..well first understand what is humanity.. to be human but society has made you inhuman by certain rules n regulations. by diving you into two things..splits is never humanity..wholeness is humanity. you can't be like to choose materialistically or spiritually
manisha
you need both. the division is not a goal. and everything has two sides..computer internet has lots of things to display to you where you get lost and result in division
manisha
competition is the biggest culprit which makes people do things against humanity for the sake of achieving.
manisha
yeah that's right
Vishal
what is love
Muhammad Reply
love is to do sociology practically rather than read sociology
musharaf
love can be define or seen as a natural phenomenal development and choice of a man
Agbaje
Hi....#Musharaf....Are you a Sociology practice by profession
Agbaje
love is an idea, it's as idea of consent and consensus, With love we make things sacred and without love we make them profane, n according to Weber everything sacred is religion which means love is religion,
Trending
love don't need these explanations hahaha go out of mind... it's not a theory or idea..so get out from this misconception... and I can't define love... :)
manisha
hy all of you guys
Vishal
knowledge beside on the sense along
Gidan
hi
Yousef
Love gives freedom to be yourself; it is not possessiveness.
manisha
but people starts possessing in the name of love...destroy the love
manisha
Don't miss any opportunity of love. Even passing in a street, you can be loving. Even to the beggar you can be loving.
manisha
Go on loving. The more you love, the more is the possibility for the right person to happen, because your heart starts flowering. And a flowering heart attracts many bees, many lovers.
manisha
You have been trained in a very wrong way. First, everybody lives under a wrong impression that everybody is already a lover. Just being born, you think you are a lover. It's not so easy. Yes, there is a potentiality, but the potentiality has to be trained, disciplined.
manisha
A seed exists, but it has to come to flower. You can go on carrying your seed; no bee will be coming. Have you ever seen bees coming to the seeds? Don't they know that seeds can become flowers? But they come when they become flowers. Become a flower, don't remain a seed.
manisha
My message is love, my religion is love. In a way it is very simple. it has no complexity about it -- no rituals, no dogmas, no hypothetical philosophy. It is a very simple and direct approach towards life. The small word 'love' can contain it. (,osho)
manisha
It is not a question of whom you love -- it is immaterial to whom your love is addressed. The thing that matters is that you should love twenty-four hours a day, just as you breathe.
manisha
Never think of sex as love, otherwise you will be deceived. Be alert, and when you start feeling with someone that just the presence, the pure presence -- nothing else, nothing else is needed; you don't ask anything -- just the presence, just that the other is, is enough to make you happy...
manisha
something starts flowering within you, a thousand and one lotuses bloom... then you are in love, and then you can pass through all the difficulties that reality creates.
manisha
all of the definitions are dysfunctional in sociology...
Trending
Manisha wat is your own view about love?
onoja
Sorry manisha I got it...
onoja
love is practice or action we shower...when we shower more love, we become more towards love. by loving someone only you get the benefit first as by showering, first it develops into it. its practice we all should do.
manisha
Agbaje sr im still master of sociology but wish to be .........plz pray fr me sociokogy is my life my evrything....
musharaf
love to a child, love to parents, love to husband, love to friends, love to animals, love to every individual, then one becomes loveful.
manisha
unspoken. is shown through the day by day things the acts we individually do how we are it is a personal thing best not overdefighned
Debbie
is social research methods and research methodologies are two different questions or will include similar points as pure n applied, experimental descriptive, quantitative n qualitative etc.
manisha Reply
aha
Yousef
but i dont think quntitative and qualitative it correct methods
Yousef
कहना क्या चाहते हो?
Swarn
then can u please elaborate research methodology types as acc to me...it includes 1. basic n applied 2 descriptive n analytical 3 empirical n exploratory 4 quantitative n qualitative 5 explanatory and longitudinal 6 experimental n evaluative 7 participatory action research.
manisha
ok I got it now...the points which I mentioned here are types of social research
manisha
types and methods r two different thing
manisha
Manisha I will like to go on private with you... If you do that mind.
onoja
Waooo yes I want to know more about it
Muhammad Reply
yeS you can asked
Mind
What is institution
Muhammad
what is marriage?
Susant Reply
It is the approved social pattern which composed of one or more then two persons
Mind
can any one discuss the marriage?
Akak
marriage is a union between a man and a woman to become husband and wife to form a family.
Vafie
i told you marraige is the approved socail pattern mean approved by society members to make husband and wife
Mind
Social approval for a man and woman to live together and have sexual relationship to begin their progeny.
Swarn
marriage is a mutual understanding and agreement between a man and woman witnessed and approved by members of the society to build their own family.
Fatoumatta
marriage is the piece of paper that says it is a legal contact and that the two persons have entered into an agreed relationship and have thearfore registered contact with the department of State.
Debbie
discuss the application of sociology in agriculture , health and crime
Arslan Reply
good
Salisu
What do you understand by the term sociology?Briefly write down the scope and subject matter of sociology?
Abhijit Reply
Sociology from origin is a combination of two words which are "Socius, and logos" which simply talks about society and culture.
Nathaniel
yes
Gidan
what is mean by sociological imagination .?
Amir Reply
What did you understand for the word minority group
Ahmed
sociological imagination is to view from society' a view. moving side your own view and problem and looking other's view and problem in order to know the other perspective of the same situation or other situation.
manisha
a minority group is those who are in minor comparison to other group.
manisha
those who are less in comparison to another group
manisha

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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