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  • Taxi A needs 36,78 litres of petrol to fill its tank. Taxi B needs 29,9 litres. How many more litres of petrol does taxi A need?
  • Mrs Mmbolo is making curtains for her school’s new classrooms. If she needs 172,5 m of material for the ground floor and 98,75 m for the top storey, what is the difference in metres between the material needed for the two floors?
  • After the rainy season two dams on a farm held 459,23 kℓ and 263,587 kℓ of water respectively. What is the difference between the amount of water in the two dams? Give your answer in kℓ.
  • The difference in mass between two animals in the Kruger National Park is 4,963 kg. If the heavier animal has a mass of 75,23 kg, what is the mass of the other one?

2. Now compare your answer with that of a group that had to solve the same problem.

3. Explain your solution to the rest of the class.

4. Have a class discussion on the differences / similarities in your methods.

Activity 5:

To use a series of strategies to check solutions and to assess the reasonableness of the solutions [lo 1.11]

1. We have just solved a few problems and discussed the different ways to determine the answers. Work with a friend, read the following problem and take a good look at the given solutions. Make sure that you understand how the answer has been calculated.

Addition

A restaurant uses 9,786 ℓ milk during breakfast and 5,463 ℓ for supper. How much less milk is used for supper?

1.1 I must calculate 9,786 – 5,463

I first subtract the whole numbers : 9 – 5 = 4

Then I subtract the thousandths : 6 1000 size 12{ { {6} over {"1000"} } } {} 3 1000 size 12{ { {3} over {"1000"} } } {} = 3 1000 size 12{ { {3} over {"1000"} } } {}

Now I subtract the hundredths : 8 100 size 12{ { {8} over {"100"} } } {} 6 100 size 12{ { {6} over {"100"} } } {} = 2 100 size 12{ { {2} over {"100"} } } {}

Lastly I subtract the tenths : 6 10 size 12{ { {6} over {"10"} } } {} 3 10 size 12{ { {3} over {"10"} } } {} = 3 10 size 12{ { {3} over {"10"} } } {}

Now I add the answers: 4 + 3 10 size 12{ { {3} over {"10"} } } {} + 2 100 size 12{ { {2} over {"100"} } } {} + 3 1000 size 12{ { {3} over {"1000"} } } {} = 4.323

The difference is thus 4,323 ℓ.

1.2 I do it in precisely the same way as normal subtraction but I write the commas precisely underneath each other :

9,786

− 5,463

4,323

The restaurant uses 4,323 ℓ less milk at supper time.

2. Whose method do you choose?

Why?

Activity 6:

To calculate through selection and the use of suitable computations (additional) [lo 1.8.8]

1. Now use any method and calculate the following without a calculator:

1.1: 6,42 - 2 98

1.2: 7,23 - 4,57

1.3: 8,123 - 3,545

1.4: 9,236 - 3,457

2. Check your answers with a calculator.

Brain-teaser!

Calculate 5 – 1,426

Activity 7:

To solve problems in context [lo 1.6.2]

Here is a challenge!

This assignment can be placed in your portfolio. Make sure that you read the criteria for assessment very carefully before you start. Ask your teacher for the necessary paper.

1. Look for examples of decimal fractions in your local newspaper or your favourite magazine. Cut them out neatly and paste them in below.

2. Write the decimal fractions as ordinary fractions next to or below the ones you have pasted in.

3. Now calculate the difference between the greatest and the smallest decimal fraction.

4. Calculate the sum of the two greatest decimal fractions.

5. Make a list of objects for which you would not use decimal fractions. Make a neat sketch of these objects.

Assessment

LO 1
Numbers, Operations and RelationshipsThe learner is able to recognise, describe and represent numbers and their relationships, and to count, estimate, calculate and check with competence and confidence in solving problems.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 recognises and represents the following numbers in order to describe and compare them:
1.3.3 decimal fractions of the form 0,5; 1,5; 2,5, and so on, in the context of measurement;
1.5 recognises and uses equivalent forms of the numbers listed above, including:
1.5.2 decimal fractions of the form 0,5, 1,5 and 2,5, and so on, in the context of measurement;
1.6 solves problems in context including contexts that may be used to build awareness of other Learning Areas, as well as human rights, social, economic and environmental issues such as:
  • measurements in Natural Sciences and Technology contexts;
1.8 estimates and calculates by selecting and using operations appropriate to solving problems that involve:
  • (additional) addition of positive decimals with 2 decimal places;
1.9 performs mental calculations involving:1.9.1 addition and subtraction;1.9.2 multiplication of whole numbers to at least 10 x 10;
1.10 uses a range of techniques to perform written and mental calculations with whole numbers including:
  • building up and breaking down numbers;
  • using a calculator;
1.11 uses a range of strategies to check solutions and judge the reasonableness of solutions;

Memorandum

ACTIVITY 2

3. Actually the same

ACTIVITY 3

1. 1.1: 157,727

1.2: 44,519

1.3: 142,498

1.4: 290,126

2. 4,5 m

BRAIN-TEASER!

0,8; 2,4; 1,9;

0,7; 0,3; 2,5; 2,1;

0,2; 0,9; 2,7;

ACTIVITY 6

1. 1.1: 3,44

1.2: 2,66

1.3: 4,578

1.4: 5,779

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10994/1.3
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