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Justice is the first value in the University of Puerto Rico, College of Business Administration's Statement of Values. The purpose of this profile is to provide a more in-depth look at this important value. It will examine the core meaning of justice (justice as a fair agreement stemming from a social contract), its key features, different kinds of justice (distributive, retributive, compensatory, administrative), some useful frameworks in justice, cases involving justice, and a social contract exercise to convey the concept's core meaning. This profile will eventually be combined with profiles of the other four SOV values in a collection to be used in verifying and challenging ADEM's Statement of Values. It will be subjected to updates as the author continues research into this area and also has chance to assess in the classroom the success of the exercise the module offers.

Value profile: justice

The root or core meaning of justice is giving to each what is due.

Suppose you are moving and are trying to decide how to pay the three workers who are helping you. Giving each his and her due might simply consist of paying all three the same amount. This version of what is due is egalitarian. Or you might give a bit more to the worker whose oldest child is sick and needs expensive medical treatments. This version of giving each what is due is more necessitarian, that is, distributing on the basis of need. Or you could wait until the move has already occurred and give the most to the worker who did the most; this could be termed a merit-based approach to what is due. This example is presented in different sources. One is Beauchamp and Bowie (1988). Ethical Theory and Business, 3rd Edition . Upper Saddle, NJ: Prentice-Hall, p. 552.

Justice, then, in its core sense implies a distribution of something that accords with our common ideas of fairness, equality, merit, and impartiality.

Moving from this core meaning, justice classically divides into different senses. These are different senses distinguished by Manuel Velasquez (2006), Business Ethics: Concepts and Cases, 6 th ed . Upper Saddle River: NJ: Prentice-Hall, p. 88.

  1. Distributive Justice examines how to divide and allot fairly the benefits and harms that result from social cooperation.
  2. Retributive Justice concerns itself with the fair and impartial administration of punishment to wrongdoers.
  3. Compensatory Justice scrutinizes how we fairly compensate those who have been wrongfully harmed by others.
  4. Administrative Justice looks at how rules are fairly and impartially administered in a social, political, or organizational context.

Justice, hobbes, and the social contract

Many have worked to derive a conception of justice a version of the social contract. The exercises in this module have you look at justice as resulting from procedures derived from Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and John Rawls (1921-2002). (Hobbes selections come from Steven Cahn (editor), Classics of Western Philosophy, 2nd Edition. Indianaplis, IN: Hackett Press (1985): 361 and 368. Those on Rawls come from Theory of Justice or Ethical Theory and Business (edited by T Beauchamp and N Bowie, Upper Saddle, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1988, pp. 559-567.

Questions & Answers

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s. Reply
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SUYASH Reply
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SUYASH
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s. Reply
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Ebrahim
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Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
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Sanket Reply
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Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
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Porter
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Yasmin
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Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
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Ramkumar Reply
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Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
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AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
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Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
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Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
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Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, The environments of the organization. OpenStax CNX. Feb 22, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11447/1.9
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