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Grade 4

Space and shape, patterns, data handling

Module 13

Investigate and compare two-dimensional shapes


  • To investigate and compare two-dimensional shapes by making them and drawing them on a grid [LO 3.3]
  • To make two-dimensional shapes with a focus on tessellation [LO 3.5]


You may work in pairs or in small groups. Use an old cornflake box (or other box) to make strips of cardboard. They must be wide enough for you to be able to punch a hole at both ends. Punch a hole at each end of each strip. Keep all your strips in an old envelope and bring them to the lesson. Also bring a packet of split pins to the lesson.

MAKING 2-DIMENSIONAL SHAPES: revision of properties and to test rigidity.

1. Each group/pair of learners must complete the following and record their findings on the dotted lines provided.

1.1 Triangles.

a) Make a three-sided figure by joining the ends of three strips of equal length by using split pins. Place your triangle on a table or on the floor and hold the corners. Is it possible to change the shape of the figure by pulling the corners (gently)?

b) Make another 3-sided shape with two strips of equal length and one strip of a different length. Pin it with the split pins. Again, place it on the table, hold the corners and try to change the shape by pulling one or more corners. Can the shape be changed?

c) Now make a 3-sided shape with three strips of different lengths. Pin it and place it on the table. Gently try to change its shape by pulling the corners. Can the shape be changed?

d) Pin two short strips of different lengths and make a square corner with them. Use them and one more strip to make a 3-sided shape with one square corner. (If you need to cut the third side to do this, do so.) Once you have pinned it, can the shape be changed?

1.2 Your group should now have four triangles, all of different shapes, but all with three sides. Use them to decorate the walls of your classroom. Make a neat, large label: TRIANGLES.

  • How many sides does any triangle have?
  • Are the sides straight or curved?
  • Is a triangle rigid , or can its shape be changed by pulling the corners?
  • A shape that cannot be changed is said to be rigid. This is why triangles are used in the construction of the frame on which the roof of a house is built. A triangle is strong. Triangles may also be seen in the steel framework of bridges.

Any triangle has three straight sides and is rigid.

2. Quadrilaterals.

2.1 Use four strips of equal length to pin a 4-sided shape. Can it be moved to have square corners and be a square?

2.2 Can the corners be pulled so that they are not square corners, but the shape is still a 4-sided shape with all the sides equal in length?

2.3 Use two long strips and two short strips and see what different quadrilaterals you can make. See if each shape can be changed by gently pulling the corners. Your shapes should include the following shapes:

a) the _______________________

b) a parallelogram

c) the trapezium

d) the ____________________

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Mueller Reply
Read about ancient clocks like_ hour glass, water clock and sun dial for a quiz and hand on Activity in the class
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11101/1.1
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