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Mathematics

Grade 4

Space and shape, patterns, data handling

Module 13

Investigate and compare two-dimensional shapes

Activity:

  • To investigate and compare two-dimensional shapes by making them and drawing them on a grid [LO 3.3]
  • To make two-dimensional shapes with a focus on tessellation [LO 3.5]

HANDS ON: PRACTICAL WORK.

You may work in pairs or in small groups. Use an old cornflake box (or other box) to make strips of cardboard. They must be wide enough for you to be able to punch a hole at both ends. Punch a hole at each end of each strip. Keep all your strips in an old envelope and bring them to the lesson. Also bring a packet of split pins to the lesson.

MAKING 2-DIMENSIONAL SHAPES: revision of properties and to test rigidity.

1. Each group/pair of learners must complete the following and record their findings on the dotted lines provided.

1.1 Triangles.

a) Make a three-sided figure by joining the ends of three strips of equal length by using split pins. Place your triangle on a table or on the floor and hold the corners. Is it possible to change the shape of the figure by pulling the corners (gently)?

b) Make another 3-sided shape with two strips of equal length and one strip of a different length. Pin it with the split pins. Again, place it on the table, hold the corners and try to change the shape by pulling one or more corners. Can the shape be changed?

c) Now make a 3-sided shape with three strips of different lengths. Pin it and place it on the table. Gently try to change its shape by pulling the corners. Can the shape be changed?

d) Pin two short strips of different lengths and make a square corner with them. Use them and one more strip to make a 3-sided shape with one square corner. (If you need to cut the third side to do this, do so.) Once you have pinned it, can the shape be changed?

1.2 Your group should now have four triangles, all of different shapes, but all with three sides. Use them to decorate the walls of your classroom. Make a neat, large label: TRIANGLES.

  • How many sides does any triangle have?
  • Are the sides straight or curved?
  • Is a triangle rigid , or can its shape be changed by pulling the corners?
  • A shape that cannot be changed is said to be rigid. This is why triangles are used in the construction of the frame on which the roof of a house is built. A triangle is strong. Triangles may also be seen in the steel framework of bridges.

Any triangle has three straight sides and is rigid.

2. Quadrilaterals.

2.1 Use four strips of equal length to pin a 4-sided shape. Can it be moved to have square corners and be a square?

2.2 Can the corners be pulled so that they are not square corners, but the shape is still a 4-sided shape with all the sides equal in length?

2.3 Use two long strips and two short strips and see what different quadrilaterals you can make. See if each shape can be changed by gently pulling the corners. Your shapes should include the following shapes:

a) the _______________________

b) a parallelogram

c) the trapezium

d) the ____________________

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Read about ancient clocks like_ hour glass, water clock and sun dial for a quiz and hand on Activity in the class
Neha Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11101/1.1
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