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Participants and data collection

The population for this convergent mixed methods research study was 289 graduates of an online Educational Technology Leadership master’s degree program employed in PK-12 school settings. All graduates were invited to complete a web-based survey created and distributed through SurveyMonkey™. Of the 289 graduates in the participant pool, sixteen graduates’ email addresses were invalid and two individuals were no longer employed in a PK-12 school environment. Consequently, there was a possibility for 271 graduates to participate in the survey. Of the 271 potential contributors, 110 graduates responded to the online survey (41%). Both quantitative Likert-style and qualitative open-ended items were included in the electronic survey for which each respondent was permitted anonymous submission.

Additional qualitative data was collected through examination of 60 graduates’ electronic portfolios. Each work sample, purposefully selected and examined, were representative of graduates who completed the ETL master’s program during the same timeframe as 271 ETL graduates included in the population for this study. The electronic portfolio was a collection of artifacts and reflections gathered throughout the program coursework.


The selected communication method was one delimitation of the study. Educational Technology Leadership graduates were contacted twice to complete the online survey through SurveyMonkey™ using the email addresses on file in the university’s student registration system. Consequently, some potential recipients may not have regularly logged in to read or respond to messages stored in that specific email account. A second delimitation was related to the population selected for the study. The program graduates were to be employed in PK-12 school settings, thus two opted out of the study because of employment outside of PK-12 educational environments. The third delimitation was associated with the two week timeline for which the online survey was accessible. Some potential contributors may not have been available to respond during the survey activation timeframe; therefore, those individuals could not participate.

One limitation to the study was related to the participation in the survey. Participation in the survey was voluntary and anonymity was permitted, therefore, it reduced opportunities for potential follow-up communication. A second limitation associated with the survey pertained to the use of online survey formats. Although, the respondents were graduates of an Educational Technology Leadership master’s degree, there was the potential for varied understanding of access and usage regarding online survey formats. The third and forth limitations were associated with the targeted population. Data was collected only from program completers following graduation and the research participants could have been biased to some of the survey topics.

Data analysis and findings

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an online Educational Technology Leadership (ETL) master’s program to advance graduates’ leadership in the use of online learning, Web 2.0 tools, and technology professional development in PK-12 schools. The overarching research question for the study was: Does the online Educational Technology Leadership master’s program advance graduates’ leadership in the use of online learning, Web 2.0 tools, and technology professional development in PK-12 schools? Assumptions were developed to analyze quantitative research data and sub-research questions guided the qualitative data analysis. A convergent mixed methods research design was selected for this study. The survey and open-ended questions were completed by 110 of the 271 possible participants (41%). Additionally, a purposeful sample of 60 graduates’ electronic portfolios were selected and examined to obtain additional qualitative data.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea handbook of online instruction and programs in education leadership. OpenStax CNX. Mar 06, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11375/1.24
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