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Natuurwetenskappe

Energie-oordrag en kragte

Opvoeders afdeling

Memorandum

(i) Yskas; ketel; rooster

(ii) Konveksieverwarmer; waaiverwarmer; yster

(iii) Yskas; ketel; stofsuier of rooster

(iv) Menger; konveksieverwarmer; waaierverwarmer; filtreerkan

Bv. Verwarmers kan vervang word deur isolerende plafonne, matte of sementvloere, digsluitende ruite, ens.

Leerder afdeling

Inhoud

Aktiwiteit: om die energieverbruik van verskeie elektriese toestelle te vergelyk [lu 3.2]

a. Bestudeer die volgende en beantwoord dan die daaropvolgende vrae:

Met slegs een eenheid elektrisiteit _________________________________________

Hierdie kaart dui die bedryfskoste van sommige huishoudelike toestelle aan volgens hulle verbruik per eenheid elektrisiteit.

(i) Watter drie toestelle is volgens hierdie kaart die goedkoopste?

_____________________________________________________________________

(ii) Watter drie toestelle is die duurste om aan te hou?

_____________________________________________________________________

(iii) Watter toestelle word die meeste in huishoudings gebruik?

_____________________________________________________________________

(iv) Watter toestelle sou jy sê is onnodig en kan vervang word deur iets wat nie so baie brandstof gebruik nie of kan heeltemal uitgeskakel word? Dui aan waardeur dit vervang kan word.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

(b) Baie mense in Suid-Afrika het egter nog nie toegang tot elektrisiteit nie en gebruik brandhout, paraffien of gas as brandstowwe om kos te kook en huise warm te hou. Die brandstowwe (veral hout) word skaarser en mense moet ver loop om genoeg brandhout bymekaar te kry. Dit is dus uiters noodsaaklik dat ook hierdie brandstowwe doeltreffend gebruik word ten einde besparing teweeg te bring.

Baie van hierdie mense maak gebruik van ‘n oop vuurmaakplek en dan word baie van die hitte-energie na die lug rondom oorgedra. Mense gebruik ook ‘n gasstofie verkeerd en soms word daar baie energie vermors.

GROEPWERK

Elke groep kies ‘n kooktoestel wat deur die meerderheid Suid-Afrikaners in veral plattelandse gebiede gebruik word, bv. oop vuur; gasstofie, ens. Hierdie toestel moet prakties voorgestel word deur middel van ‘n model en daarna moet ‘n kort verslaggie daaroor geskryf word. In die verslag moet die volgende vrae beantwoord word.

  • Watter brandstof word gebruik?
  • Is dit maklik bekombaar vir die mense?
  • Watter kleur pot word aanbeveel? Hoekom?
  • Watter voorsorg moet getref word sodat daar nie te veel hitte-energie verby die pot beweeg en in die lug verlore gaan nie?
  • Wat is die koste van die brandstof?

Leerkragassessering

Kriteria 1 2 3 4
Opdrag: Korrek uitgevoer; volledig; saaklik; betyds ingehandig
Model: Effektief; brandstof aangedui; kreatiewe voorstelling
Verslag: Alle vrae aangespreek; verslagdoening netjies; goeie taalgebruik
Samewerking in groep: Effektief; oplos van onderlinge geskille; alle lede betrokke
OORHEERSENDE KODE

Assessering

Leeruitkomste 3: Die leerder is in staat om begrip van die onderlinge verband tussen wetenskap en tegnologie, die samelewing en die omgewing te toon .

Assesseringstandaard 3.2: Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder die volhoubare gebruik van die aarde se hulpbronne verstaan: ontleed inligting oor volhoubare en nie-volhoubare gebruik van hulpbronne.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natuurwetenskappe graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11078/1.1
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