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Arts and culture

Grade 9

Expression and communication

Module 8

Subcultures in terms of arts and culture


Activity 1 (individual/group work)

to IDENTIFY subcultures in terms of arts and culture, and to discuss how they influence fashions


A subculture is a subsection of a specific culture. In traditional Western culture, there are several subcultures whose members have their own way of dressing and talking, specific music preferences and a certain type of pastime. Subcultures are not restricted by religious preferences or religions.

The teen culture of today includes a variety of subcultures such as 'ravers', 'skaters', 'surfers', 'punkers', 'grungers', 'metalheads', and 'hackers'.

One of the most popular and influential subcultures amongst teenagers is the hip-hop culture.

During the late 1970’s, a new and distinctive sound was heard in the streets of New York. It was the sound of hip-hop and now, more than twenty years later, it has become a world wide cultural force. Hip-hop, to make it simple, is when the DJ mixes rhythmical sections of different albums on the turntable while a rapper raps.

Hip-hop is, however, a culture of its own, with its own language, lyrical style, graffiti, dance movements and clothing.

Just like various other subcultures, hip-hop is not limited to certain cultural groups. It flourishes in cities or rural areas.

Hip-hop fashions feature a variety of colours, styles and creativity. In the hip-hop culture, this is known as 'fragrance' (taste). To have fragrance you have to dress according to the latest fashions. The clothing includes huge, baggy pants, massive sports sweaters, and very expensive training shoes/sneakers, usually Nikes. Other big brand names also associated with hip-hop are Versace, Tommy Hilfiger, Guess en Polo by Ralph Lauren. In 1994 Snoop Doggy Dogg performed in Saturday Night Live dressed in Tommy Hilfiger clothes from top to bottom. The sales of Tommy Hilfiger escalated with $90 million that year. Other rap artists like Q-Tip of A Tribe Called Quest sang in their lyrics, "And others couldn't figga, How me and Hilfigga, Used to move through with vigga."

By 1993 the rave culture, which had originated in Manchester England, had become a national phenomenon in the United States. The music for rave, almost like hip-hop, is also a mixture of existing recordings, which are mixed by the DJ. Mike Szabo, a New York raver, summarised the music in the following words: "The music at raves is live. Although the music is pre-recorded, a disk jockey working at the mixing table is performing the music for a live audience.” This mixing technique had a huge influence on art, especially graphic design.

Designers increasingly began to manipulate existing images of pictures and letter types. Typical rave designers took the material of advertisements, television, commercial packaging and cartoon strips to provide the manufactures with “new" designs. Designers of flyers often used well-known brand names, which are therefore known to the public, to make fun of and to promote underground quasi "secret" rave events. This process they "borrowed" from Pop Art (a movement of the 1960's and 1970's) and the younger generation in the rave culture "re"-discovered it. They were fascinated by what commercial icons could do to influence the attitude of a subculture.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11067/1.1
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