10.5 Graphing quadratic equations  (Page 5/15)

 Page 5 / 15

Finding the y -intercept by substituting $x=0$ into the equation is easy, isn’t it? But we needed to use the Quadratic Formula to find the x -intercepts in [link] . We will use the Quadratic Formula again in the next example.

Graph $y=2{x}^{2}-4x-3$ .

Solution

 The equation y has one side. Since a is 2, the parabola opens upward. To find the axis of symmetry, find $x=-\frac{b}{2a}$ . The axis of symmetry is $x=1$ . The vertex on the line $x=1.$ Find y when $x=1$ . The vertex is $\left(1,\text{−}5\right)$ . The y -intercept occurs when $x=0.$ Substitute $x=0.$ Simplify. The y- intercept is $\left(0,-3\right)$ . The point $\left(0,-3\right)$ is one unit to the left of the line of symmetry. The point one unit to the right of the line of symmetry is $\left(2,-3\right)$ Point symmetric to the y- intercept is $\left(2,-3\right).$ The x -intercept occurs when $y=0$ . Substitute $y=0$ . Use the Quadratic Formula. Substitute in the values of a, b, c. Simplify. Simplify inside the radical. Simplify the radical. Factor the GCF. Remove common factors. Write as two equations. Approximate the values. The approximate values of the x- intercepts are $\left(2.5,0\right)$ and $\left(-0.6,0\right)$ . Graph the parabola using the points found.

Graph the parabola $y=5{x}^{2}+10x+3.$

$y\text{:}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\left(0,3\right);\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}x\text{:}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\left(-1.6,0\right),\left(-0.4,0\right);$
axis: $x=-1;\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{vertex:}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\left(-1,-2\right)$ ;

Graph the parabola $y=-3{x}^{2}-6x+5.$

$y\text{:}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\left(0,5\right);\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}x\text{:}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\left(0.6,0\right),\left(-2.6,0\right);$
axis: $x=-1;\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{vertex:}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\left(-1,8\right)$ ;

Solve maximum and minimum applications

Knowing that the vertex    of a parabola is the lowest or highest point of the parabola gives us an easy way to determine the minimum or maximum value of a quadratic equation. The y -coordinate of the vertex is the minimum y -value of a parabola that opens upward. It is the maximum y -value of a parabola that opens downward. See [link] .

Minimum or maximum values of a quadratic equation

The y -coordinate of the vertex of the graph of a quadratic equation is the

• minimum value of the quadratic equation if the parabola opens upward.
• maximum value of the quadratic equation if the parabola opens downward.

Find the minimum value of the quadratic equation $y={x}^{2}+2x-8$ .

Solution

 Since a is positive, the parabola opens upward. The quadratic equation has a minimum. Find the axis of symmetry. The axis of symmetry is $x=-1$ . The vertex is on the line $x=-1.$ Find y when $x=-1.$ The vertex is $\left(-1,-9\right)$ . Since the parabola has a minimum, the y- coordinate of the vertex is the minimum y- value of the quadratic equation. The minimum value of the quadratic is $-9$ and it occurs when $x=-1$ . Show the graph to verify the result.

Find the maximum or minimum value of the quadratic equation $y={x}^{2}-8x+12$ .

The minimum value is $-4$ when $x=4$ .

Find the maximum or minimum value of the quadratic equation $y=-4{x}^{2}+16x-11$ .

The maximum value is 5 when $x=2$ .

We have used the formula

$h=-16{t}^{2}+{v}_{0}t+{h}_{0}$

to calculate the height in feet, $h$ , of an object shot upwards into the air with initial velocity, ${v}_{0}$ , after $t$ seconds.

This formula is a quadratic equation in the variable $t$ , so its graph is a parabola. By solving for the coordinates of the vertex, we can find how long it will take the object to reach its maximum height. Then, we can calculate the maximum height.

The quadratic equation $h=-16{t}^{2}+{v}_{0}t+{h}_{0}$ models the height of a volleyball hit straight upwards with velocity 176 feet per second from a height of 4 feet.

1. How many seconds will it take the volleyball to reach its maximum height?
2. Find the maximum height of the volleyball.

Solution

$h=-16{t}^{2}+176t+4$

Since a is negative, the parabola opens downward.

The quadratic equation has a maximum.

1. $\begin{array}{cccc}\text{Find the axis of symmetry.}\hfill & & & \phantom{\rule{4em}{0ex}}\begin{array}{c}t=-\frac{b}{2a}\hfill \\ t=-\frac{176}{2\left(-16\right)}\hfill \\ t=5.5\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ & & & \phantom{\rule{4em}{0ex}}\text{The axis of symmetry is}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}t=5.5.\hfill \\ \text{The vertex is on the line}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}t=5.5.\hfill & & & \phantom{\rule{4em}{0ex}}\text{The maximum occurs when}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}t=5.5\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{seconds.}\hfill \end{array}$

2.  Find h when $t=5.5$ . Use a calculator to simplify. The vertex is $\left(5.5,488\right)$ . Since the parabola has a maximum, the h- coordinate of the vertex is the maximum y -value of the quadratic equation. The maximum value of the quadratic is 488 feet and it occurs when $t=5.5$ seconds.

a=# of 10's. b=# of 20's; a+b=54; 10a + 20b=$910; a=54 -b; 10(54-b) + 20b=$910; 540-10b+20b=$910; 540+10b=$910; 10b=910-540; 10b=370; b=37; so there are 37 20's and since a+b=54, a+37=54; a=54-37=17; a=17, so 17 10's. So lets check. $740+$170=$910. David Reply . A cashier has 54 bills, all of which are$10 or $20 bills. The total value of the money is$910. How many of each type of bill does the cashier have?
whats the coefficient of 17x
the solution says it 14 but how i thought it would be 17 im i right or wrong is the exercise wrong
Dwayne
17
Melissa
wow the exercise told me 17x solution is 14x lmao
Dwayne
thank you
Dwayne
A private jet can fly 1,210 miles against a 25 mph headwind in the same amount of time it can fly 1,694 miles with a 25 mph tailwind. Find the speed of the jet
Washing his dad’s car alone, eight-year-old Levi takes 2.5 hours. If his dad helps him, then it takes 1 hour. How long does it take the Levi’s dad to wash the car by himself?
Ethan and Leo start riding their bikes at the opposite ends of a 65-mile bike path. After Ethan has ridden 1.5 hours and Leo has ridden 2 hours, they meet on the path. Ethan’s speed is 6 miles per hour faster than Leo’s speed. Find the speed of the two bikers.
Nathan walked on an asphalt pathway for 12 miles. He walked the 12 miles back to his car on a gravel road through the forest. On the asphalt he walked 2 miles per hour faster than on the gravel. The walk on the gravel took one hour longer than the walk on the asphalt. How fast did he walk on the gravel?
Mckenzie
Nancy took a 3 hour drive. She went 50 miles before she got caught in a storm. Then she drove 68 miles at 9 mph less than she had driven when the weather was good. What was her speed driving in the storm?
Mr Hernaez runs his car at a regular speed of 50 kph and Mr Ranola at 36 kph. They started at the same place at 5:30 am and took opposite directions. At what time were they 129 km apart?
90 minutes
Melody wants to sell bags of mixed candy at her lemonade stand. She will mix chocolate pieces that cost $4.89 per bag with peanut butter pieces that cost$3.79 per bag to get a total of twenty-five bags of mixed candy. Melody wants the bags of mixed candy to cost her $4.23 a bag to make. How many bags of chocolate pieces and how many bags of peanut butter pieces should she use? Jake Reply enrique borrowed$23,500 to buy a car he pays his uncle 2% interest on the $4,500 he borrowed from him and he pays the bank 11.5% interest on the rest. what average interest rate does he pay on the total$23,500
13.5
Pervaiz
Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost $8 per square foot and decorator tiles that cost$20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overall cost of the backsplash will be \$10 per square foot?
The equation P=28+2.54w models the relation between the amount of Randy’s monthly water bill payment, P, in dollars, and the number of units of water, w, used. Find the payment for a month when Randy used 15 units of water.
Bridget
help me understand graphs
what kind of graphs?
bruce
function f(x) to find each value
Marlene
I am in algebra 1. Can anyone give me any ideas to help me learn this stuff. Teacher and tutor not helping much.
Marlene
Given f(x)=2x+2, find f(2) so you replace the x with the 2, f(2)=2(2)+2, which is f(2)=6
Melissa
if they say find f(5) then the answer would be f(5)=12
Melissa
I need you to help me Melissa. Wish I can show you my homework
Marlene
How is f(1) =0 I am really confused
Marlene
what's the formula given? f(x)=?
Melissa
It shows a graph that I wish I could send photo of to you on here
Marlene
Which problem specifically?
Melissa
which problem?
Melissa
I don't know any to be honest. But whatever you can help me with for I can practice will help
Marlene
I got it. sorry, was out and about. I'll look at it now.
Melissa
Thank you. I appreciate it because my teacher assumes I know this. My teacher before him never went over this and several other things.
Marlene
I just responded.
Melissa
Thank you
Marlene
-65r to the 4th power-50r cubed-15r squared+8r+23 ÷ 5r
Rich
write in this form a/b answer should be in the simplest form 5%
convert to decimal 9/11
August
0.81818
Rich
5/100 = .05 but Rich is right that 9/11 = .81818
Melissa
Equation in the form of a pending point y+2=1/6(×-4)
write in simplest form 3 4/2
August