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The boundary line shown is 2 x + 3 y = 6 . Write the inequality shown by the graph.

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line 2 x plus 3 y equals 6 is plotted as a dashed arrow extending from the top left toward the bottom right. The coordinate plane to the bottom of the line is shaded.

The line 2 x + 3 y = 6 is the boundary line. On one side of the line are the points with 2 x + 3 y > 6 and on the other side of the line are the points with 2 x + 3 y < 6 .

Let’s test the point ( 0 , 0 ) and see which inequality describes its side of the boundary line.

At ( 0 , 0 ) , which inequality is true:

2 x + 3 y > 6 or 2 x + 3 y < 6 ? 2 x + 3 y > 6 2 x + 3 y < 6 2 ( 0 ) + 3 ( 0 ) > ? 6 2 ( 0 ) + 3 ( 0 ) < ? 6 0 > 6 False 0 < 6 True

So the side with ( 0 , 0 ) is the side where 2 x + 3 y < 6 .

(You may want to pick a point on the other side of the boundary line and check that 2 x + 3 y > 6 .)

Since the boundary line is graphed as a dashed line, the inequality does not include an equal sign.

The graph shows the solution to the inequality 2 x + 3 y < 6 .

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Write the inequality shown by the shaded region in the graph with the boundary line x 4 y = 8 .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line x minus 4 y equals 8 is plotted as a solid arrow extending from the bottom left toward the top right. The coordinate plane to the top of the line is shaded.

x 4 y 8

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Write the inequality shown by the shaded region in the graph with the boundary line 3 x y = 6 .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line 3 x minus y equals 6 is plotted as a solid arrow extending from the bottom left toward the top right. The coordinate plane to the right of the line is shaded.

3 x y 6

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Graph linear inequalities

Now, we’re ready to put all this together to graph linear inequalities.

How to graph linear inequalities

Graph the linear inequality     y 3 4 x 2 .

Solution

This figure is a table that has three columns and three rows. The first column is a header column, and it contains the names and numbers of each step. The second column contains further written instructions. The third column contains math. On the top row of the table, the first cell on the left reads: “Step 1. Identify and graph the boundary line. If the inequality is less than or equal to or greater than or equal to, the boundary line is solid. If the inequality is less than or greater than, the boundary line is dashed. The text in the second cell reads: “Replace the inequality sign with an equal sign to find the boundary line. Graph the boundary line y equals three-fourths x minus 2. The inequality sign is greater than or equal to, so we draw a solid line. The third cell contains the graph of the line three-fourths x minus 2 on a coordinate plane. In the second row of the table, the first cell says: “Step 2. Test a point that is not on the boundary line. Is it a solution of the inequality? In the second cell, the instructions say: “We’ll test (0, 0). Is it a solution of the inequality?” The third cell asks: At (0, 0), is y greater than or equal to three-fourths x minus 2? Below that is the inequality 0 is greater than or equal to three-fourths 0 minus 2, with a question mark above the inequality symbol. Below that is the inequality 0 is greater than or equal to negative 2. Below that is: “So (0, 0) is a solution. In the third row of the table, the first cell says: “Step 3. Shade in one side of the boundary line. If the test point is a solution, shade in the side that includes the point. If the test point is not a solution, shade in the opposite side. In the second cell, the instructions say: The test point (0, 0) is a solution to y is greater than or equal to three-fourths x minus 2. So we shade in that side.” In the third cell is the graph of the line three-fourths x minus 2 on a coordinate plane with the region above the line shaded.
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Graph the linear inequality y 5 2 x 4 .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line y equals five-halves x minus 4 is plotted as a solid arrow extending from the bottom left toward the top right. The region above the line is shaded.

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Graph the linear inequality y < 2 3 x 5 .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line y equals two-thirds x minus 5 is plotted as a dashed arrow extending from the bottom left toward the top right. The region below the line is shaded.

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The steps we take to graph a linear inequality are summarized here.

Graph a linear inequality.

  1. Identify and graph the boundary line.
    • If the inequality is or , the boundary line is solid.
    • If the inequality is<or>, the boundary line is dashed.
  2. Test a point that is not on the boundary line. Is it a solution of the inequality?
  3. Shade in one side of the boundary line.
    • If the test point is a solution, shade in the side that includes the point.
    • If the test point is not a solution, shade in the opposite side.

Graph the linear inequality x 2 y < 5 .

Solution

First we graph the boundary line x 2 y = 5 . The inequality is < so we draw a dashed line.

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line x minus 2 y equals 5 is plotted as a dashed arrow extending from the bottom left toward the top right.

Then we test a point. We’ll use ( 0 , 0 ) again because it is easy to evaluate and it is not on the boundary line.

Is ( 0 , 0 ) a solution of x 2 y < 5 ?
The figure shows the inequality 0 minus 2 times 0 in parentheses is less than 5, with a question mark above the inequality symbol. The next line shows 0 minus 0 is less than 5, with a question mark above the inequality symbol. The third line shows 0 is less than 5.

The point ( 0 , 0 ) is a solution of x 2 y < 5 , so we shade in that side of the boundary line.
The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line x minus 2 y equals 5 is plotted as a dashed arrow extending from the bottom left toward the top right. The point (0, 0) is plotted, but not labeled. The region above the line is shaded.

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Graph the linear inequality 2 x 3 y 6 .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line 2 x minus 3 y equals 6 is plotted as a solid arrow extending from the bottom left toward the top right. The region above the line is shaded.

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Graph the linear inequality 2 x y > 3 .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line 2 x minus y equals 3 is plotted as a dashed arrow extending from the bottom left toward the top right. The region below the line is shaded.

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What if the boundary line goes through the origin? Then we won’t be able to use ( 0 , 0 ) as a test point. No problem—we’ll just choose some other point that is not on the boundary line.

Graph the linear inequality y −4 x .

Solution

First we graph the boundary line y = −4 x . It is in slope–intercept form, with m = −4 and b = 0 . The inequality is so we draw a solid line.
The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line s y equals negative 4 x is plotted as a solid arrow extending from the top left toward the bottom right.

Now, we need a test point. We can see that the point ( 1 , 0 ) is not on the boundary line.

Is ( 1 , 0 ) a solution of y −4 x ?
The figure shows 0 is less than or equal to negative 4 times 1 in parentheses, with a question mark above the inequality symbol. The next line shows 0 is not less than or equal to negative 4.

The point ( 1 , 0 ) is not a solution to y −4 x , so we shade in the opposite side of the boundary line. See [link] .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line y equals negative 4 x is plotted as a solid arrow extending from the top left toward the bottom right. The point (1, 0) is plotted, but not labeled. The region to the left of the line is shaded.
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Graph the linear inequality y > −3 x .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line y equals negative 3 x is plotted as a dashed arrow extending from the top left toward the bottom right. The region to the right of the line is shaded.

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Graph the linear inequality y −2 x .

The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line y equals negative 2 x is plotted as a solid arrow extending from the top left toward the bottom right. The region to the right of the line is shaded.

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Some linear inequalities have only one variable. They may have an x but no y , or a y but no x . In these cases, the boundary line will be either a vertical or a horizontal line. Do you remember?

x = a vertical line y = b horizontal line

Graph the linear inequality y > 3 .

Solution

First we graph the boundary line y = 3 . It is a horizontal line. The inequality is>so we draw a dashed line.

We test the point ( 0 , 0 ) .

y > 3 0 > 3

( 0 , 0 ) is not a solution to y > 3 .

So we shade the side that does not include (0, 0).
The graph shows the x y-coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each run from negative 10 to 10. The line y equals 3 is plotted as a dashed arrow horizontally across the plane. The region above the line is shaded.

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Questions & Answers

Washing his dad’s car alone, eight-year-old Levi takes 2.5 hours. If his dad helps him, then it takes 1 hour. How long does it take the Levi’s dad to wash the car by himself?
Sam Reply
Ethan and Leo start riding their bikes at the opposite ends of a 65-mile bike path. After Ethan has ridden 1.5 hours and Leo has ridden 2 hours, they meet on the path. Ethan’s speed is 6 miles per hour faster than Leo’s speed. Find the speed of the two bikers.
Mckenzie Reply
Nathan walked on an asphalt pathway for 12 miles. He walked the 12 miles back to his car on a gravel road through the forest. On the asphalt he walked 2 miles per hour faster than on the gravel. The walk on the gravel took one hour longer than the walk on the asphalt. How fast did he walk on the gravel?
Mckenzie
Nancy took a 3 hour drive. She went 50 miles before she got caught in a storm. Then she drove 68 miles at 9 mph less than she had driven when the weather was good. What was her speed driving in the storm?
Reiley Reply
Mr Hernaez runs his car at a regular speed of 50 kph and Mr Ranola at 36 kph. They started at the same place at 5:30 am and took opposite directions. At what time were they 129 km apart?
hamzzi Reply
90 minutes
muhammad
Melody wants to sell bags of mixed candy at her lemonade stand. She will mix chocolate pieces that cost $4.89 per bag with peanut butter pieces that cost $3.79 per bag to get a total of twenty-five bags of mixed candy. Melody wants the bags of mixed candy to cost her $4.23 a bag to make. How many bags of chocolate pieces and how many bags of peanut butter pieces should she use?
Jake Reply
enrique borrowed $23,500 to buy a car he pays his uncle 2% interest on the $4,500 he borrowed from him and he pays the bank 11.5% interest on the rest. what average interest rate does he pay on the total $23,500
Nakiya Reply
13.5
Pervaiz
Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost $8 per square foot and decorator tiles that cost $20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overall cost of the backsplash will be $10 per square foot?
Bridget Reply
The equation P=28+2.54w models the relation between the amount of Randy’s monthly water bill payment, P, in dollars, and the number of units of water, w, used. Find the payment for a month when Randy used 15 units of water.
Bridget
help me understand graphs
Marlene Reply
what kind of graphs?
bruce
function f(x) to find each value
Marlene
I am in algebra 1. Can anyone give me any ideas to help me learn this stuff. Teacher and tutor not helping much.
Marlene
Given f(x)=2x+2, find f(2) so you replace the x with the 2, f(2)=2(2)+2, which is f(2)=6
Melissa
if they say find f(5) then the answer would be f(5)=12
Melissa
I need you to help me Melissa. Wish I can show you my homework
Marlene
How is f(1) =0 I am really confused
Marlene
what's the formula given? f(x)=?
Melissa
It shows a graph that I wish I could send photo of to you on here
Marlene
Which problem specifically?
Melissa
which problem?
Melissa
I don't know any to be honest. But whatever you can help me with for I can practice will help
Marlene
I got it. sorry, was out and about. I'll look at it now.
Melissa
Thank you. I appreciate it because my teacher assumes I know this. My teacher before him never went over this and several other things.
Marlene
I just responded.
Melissa
Thank you
Marlene
-65r to the 4th power-50r cubed-15r squared+8r+23 ÷ 5r
WENDY Reply
State the question clearly please
Rich
write in this form a/b answer should be in the simplest form 5%
August Reply
convert to decimal 9/11
August
0.81818
Rich
5/100 = .05 but Rich is right that 9/11 = .81818
Melissa
Equation in the form of a pending point y+2=1/6(×-4)
Jose Reply
write in simplest form 3 4/2
August
definition of quadratic formula
Ahmed Reply
From Google: The quadratic formula, , is used in algebra to solve quadratic equations (polynomial equations of the second degree). The general form of a quadratic equation is , where x represents a variable, and a, b, and c are constants, with . A quadratic equation has two solutions, called roots.
Melissa
what is the answer of w-2.6=7.55
What Reply
10.15
Michael
w = 10.15 You add 2.6 to both sides and then solve for w (-2.6 zeros out on the left and leaves you with w= 7.55 + 2.6)
Korin
Nataly is considering two job offers. The first job would pay her $83,000 per year. The second would pay her $66,500 plus 15% of her total sales. What would her total sales need to be for her salary on the second offer be higher than the first?
Mckenzie Reply
x > $110,000
bruce
greater than $110,000
Michael
Estelle is making 30 pounds of fruit salad from strawberries and blueberries. Strawberries cost $1.80 per pound, and blueberries cost $4.50 per pound. If Estelle wants the fruit salad to cost her $2.52 per pound, how many pounds of each berry should she use?
nawal Reply
$1.38 worth of strawberries + $1.14 worth of blueberries which= $2.52
Leitha
how
Zaione
is it right😊
Leitha
lol maybe
Robinson
8 pound of blueberries and 22 pounds of strawberries
Melissa
8 pounds x 4.5 = 36 22 pounds x 1.80 = 39.60 36 + 39.60 = 75.60 75.60 / 30 = average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
8 pounds x 4.5 equal 36 22 pounds x 1.80 equal 39.60 36 + 39.60 equal 75.60 75.60 / 30 equal average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
hmmmm...... ?
Robinson
8 pounds x 4.5 = 36 22 pounds x 1.80 = 39.60 36 + 39.60 = 75.60 75.60 / 30 = average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
The question asks how many pounds of each in order for her to have an average cost of $2.52. She needs 30 lb in all so 30 pounds times $2.52 equals $75.60. that's how much money she is spending on the fruit. That means she would need 8 pounds of blueberries and 22 lbs of strawberries to equal 75.60
Melissa
good
Robinson
👍
Leitha
thanks Melissa.
Leitha
nawal let's do another😊
Leitha
we can't use emojis...I see now
Leitha
Sorry for the multi post. My phone glitches.
Melissa
Practice Key Terms 3

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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