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( 11 a + 3 ) 18 a = −4

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4 z 2 z ( 1 + 4 ) = 36

−6

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4 y ( 7 2 ) 2 = −200

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( 2 x ) 2 + 1 = −3

± 1

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8 ( 2 + 4 ) 15 b = b

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1 4 ( 8 w 4 2 ) = 0

2

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For the following exercises, simplify the expression.

2 y ( 4 ) 2 y 11

−14 y 11

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a 2 3 ( 64 ) 12 a ÷ 6

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8 b 4 b ( 3 ) + 1

−4 b + 1

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5 l ÷ 3 l × ( 9 6 )

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7 z 3 + z × 6 2

43 z 3

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4 × 3 + 18 x ÷ 9 12

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9 ( y + 8 ) 27

9 y + 45

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6 + 12 b 3 × 6 b

−6 b + 6

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( 4 9 ) 2 × 27 x

16 x 3

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8 ( 3 m ) + 1 ( 8 )

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9 x + 4 x ( 2 + 3 ) 4 ( 2 x + 3 x )

9 x

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, consider this scenario: Fred earns $40 mowing lawns. He spends $10 on mp3s, puts half of what is left in a savings account, and gets another $5 for washing his neighbor’s car.

Write the expression that represents the number of dollars Fred keeps (and does not put in his savings account). Remember the order of operations.

1 2 ( 40 10 ) + 5

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How much money does Fred keep?

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For the following exercises, solve the given problem.

According to the U.S. Mint, the diameter of a quarter is 0.955 inches. The circumference of the quarter would be the diameter multiplied by π . Is the circumference of a quarter a whole number, a rational number, or an irrational number?

irrational number

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Jessica and her roommate, Adriana, have decided to share a change jar for joint expenses. Jessica put her loose change in the jar first, and then Adriana put her change in the jar. We know that it does not matter in which order the change was added to the jar. What property of addition describes this fact?

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: There is a mound of g pounds of gravel in a quarry. Throughout the day, 400 pounds of gravel is added to the mound. Two orders of 600 pounds are sold and the gravel is removed from the mound. At the end of the day, the mound has 1,200 pounds of gravel.

Write the equation that describes the situation.

g + 400 2 ( 600 ) = 1200

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For the following exercise, solve the given problem.

Ramon runs the marketing department at his company. His department gets a budget every year, and every year, he must spend the entire budget without going over. If he spends less than the budget, then his department gets a smaller budget the following year. At the beginning of this year, Ramon got $2.5 million for the annual marketing budget. He must spend the budget such that 2,500,000 x = 0. What property of addition tells us what the value of x must be?

inverse property of addition

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Technology

For the following exercises, use a graphing calculator to solve for x . Round the answers to the nearest hundredth.

0.5 ( 12.3 ) 2 48 x = 3 5

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( 0.25 0.75 ) 2 x 7.2 = 9.9

68.4

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Extensions

If a whole number is not a natural number, what must the number be?

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Determine whether the statement is true or false: The multiplicative inverse of a rational number is also rational.

true

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Determine whether the statement is true or false: The product of a rational and irrational number is always irrational.

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Determine whether the simplified expression is rational or irrational: −18 4 ( 5 ) ( −1 ) .

irrational

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Determine whether the simplified expression is rational or irrational: −16 + 4 ( 5 ) + 5 .

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The division of two whole numbers will always result in what type of number?

rational

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What property of real numbers would simplify the following expression: 4 + 7 ( x 1 ) ?

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Questions & Answers

the gradient function of a curve is 2x+4 and the curve passes through point (1,4) find the equation of the curve
Kc Reply
1+cos²A/cos²A=2cosec²A-1
Ramesh Reply
test for convergence the series 1+x/2+2!/9x3
success Reply
a man walks up 200 meters along a straight road whose inclination is 30 degree.How high above the starting level is he?
Lhorren Reply
100 meters
Kuldeep
Find that number sum and product of all the divisors of 360
jancy Reply
answer
Ajith
exponential series
Naveen
what is subgroup
Purshotam Reply
Prove that: (2cos&+1)(2cos&-1)(2cos2&-1)=2cos4&+1
Macmillan Reply
e power cos hyperbolic (x+iy)
Vinay Reply
10y
Michael
tan hyperbolic inverse (x+iy)=alpha +i bita
Payal Reply
prove that cos(π/6-a)*cos(π/3+b)-sin(π/6-a)*sin(π/3+b)=sin(a-b)
Tejas Reply
why {2kπ} union {kπ}={kπ}?
Huy Reply
why is {2kπ} union {kπ}={kπ}? when k belong to integer
Huy
if 9 sin theta + 40 cos theta = 41,prove that:41 cos theta = 41
Trilochan Reply
what is complex numbers
Ayushi Reply
Please you teach
Dua
Yes
ahmed
Thank you
Dua
give me treganamentry question
Anshuman Reply
Solve 2cos x + 3sin x = 0.5
shobana Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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