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A shipping container in the shape of a rectangular solid must have a volume of 84 cubic meters. The client tells the manufacturer that, because of the contents, the length of the container must be one meter longer than the width, and the height must be one meter greater than twice the width. What should the dimensions of the container be?

3 meters by 4 meters by 7 meters

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Key concepts

  • To find f ( k ) , determine the remainder of the polynomial f ( x ) when it is divided by x k . This is known as the Remainder Theorem. See [link] .
  • According to the Factor Theorem, k is a zero of f ( x ) if and only if ( x k ) is a factor of f ( x ) . See [link] .
  • According to the Rational Zero Theorem, each rational zero of a polynomial function with integer coefficients will be equal to a factor of the constant term divided by a factor of the leading coefficient. See [link] and [link] .
  • When the leading coefficient is 1, the possible rational zeros are the factors of the constant term.
  • Synthetic division can be used to find the zeros of a polynomial function. See [link] .
  • According to the Fundamental Theorem, every polynomial function has at least one complex zero. See [link] .
  • Every polynomial function with degree greater than 0 has at least one complex zero.
  • Allowing for multiplicities, a polynomial function will have the same number of factors as its degree. Each factor will be in the form ( x c ) , where c is a complex number. See [link] .
  • The number of positive real zeros of a polynomial function is either the number of sign changes of the function or less than the number of sign changes by an even integer.
  • The number of negative real zeros of a polynomial function is either the number of sign changes of f ( x ) or less than the number of sign changes by an even integer. See [link] .
  • Polynomial equations model many real-world scenarios. Solving the equations is easiest done by synthetic division. See [link] .

Section exercises

Verbal

Describe a use for the Remainder Theorem.

The theorem can be used to evaluate a polynomial.

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Explain why the Rational Zero Theorem does not guarantee finding zeros of a polynomial function.

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What is the difference between rational and real zeros?

Rational zeros can be expressed as fractions whereas real zeros include irrational numbers.

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If Descartes’ Rule of Signs reveals a no change of signs or one sign of changes, what specific conclusion can be drawn?

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If synthetic division reveals a zero, why should we try that value again as a possible solution?

Polynomial functions can have repeated zeros, so the fact that number is a zero doesn’t preclude it being a zero again.

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Algebraic

For the following exercises, use the Remainder Theorem to find the remainder.

( x 4 9 x 2 + 14 ) ÷ ( x 2 )

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( 3 x 3 2 x 2 + x 4 ) ÷ ( x + 3 )

106

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( x 4 + 5 x 3 4 x 17 ) ÷ ( x + 1 )

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( 3 x 2 + 6 x + 24 ) ÷ ( x 4 )

0

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( 5 x 5 4 x 4 + 3 x 3 2 x 2 + x 1 ) ÷ ( x + 6 )

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Questions & Answers

In a triangle ABC prove that. (b+c)cosA+(c+a)cosB+(a+b)cisC=a+b+c.
Shivam Reply
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Aaron Reply
the polar co-ordinate of the point (-1, -1)
Sumit Reply
prove the identites sin x ( 1+ tan x )+ cos x ( 1+ cot x )= sec x + cosec x
Rockstar Reply
tanh`(x-iy) =A+iB, find A and B
Pankaj Reply
B=Ai-itan(hx-hiy)
Rukmini
what is the addition of 101011 with 101010
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If those numbers are binary, it's 1010101. If they are base 10, it's 202021.
Jack
extra power 4 minus 5 x cube + 7 x square minus 5 x + 1 equal to zero
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the gradient function of a curve is 2x+4 and the curve passes through point (1,4) find the equation of the curve
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1+cos²A/cos²A=2cosec²A-1
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test for convergence the series 1+x/2+2!/9x3
success Reply
a man walks up 200 meters along a straight road whose inclination is 30 degree.How high above the starting level is he?
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100 meters
Kuldeep
Find that number sum and product of all the divisors of 360
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answer
Ajith
exponential series
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what is subgroup
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Prove that: (2cos&+1)(2cos&-1)(2cos2&-1)=2cos4&+1
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e power cos hyperbolic (x+iy)
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10y
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Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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