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Section exercises

Verbal

What are the characteristics of the letters that are commonly used to represent vectors?

lowercase, bold letter, usually u , v , w

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How is a vector more specific than a line segment?

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What are i and j , and what do they represent?

They are unit vectors. They are used to represent the horizontal and vertical components of a vector. They each have a magnitude of 1.

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When a unit vector is expressed as a , b , which letter is the coefficient of the i and which the j ?

The first number always represents the coefficient of the i , and the second represents the j .

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Algebraic

Given a vector with initial point ( 5 , 2 ) and terminal point ( 1 , 3 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

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Given a vector with initial point ( 4 , 2 ) and terminal point ( 3 , 3 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

7 , 5

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Given a vector with initial point ( 7 , 1 ) and terminal point ( 1 , 7 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

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For the following exercises, determine whether the two vectors u and v are equal, where u has an initial point P 1 and a terminal point P 2 and v has an initial point P 3 and a terminal point P 4 .

P 1 = ( 5 , 1 ) , P 2 = ( 3 , 2 ) , P 3 = ( 1 , 3 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 4 )

not equal

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P 1 = ( 2 , 3 ) , P 2 = ( 5 , 1 ) , P 3 = ( 6 , 1 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 3 )

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P 1 = ( 1 , 1 ) , P 2 = ( 4 , 5 ) , P 3 = ( 10 , 6 ) , and P 4 = ( 13 , 12 )

equal

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P 1 = ( 3 , 7 ) , P 2 = ( 2 , 1 ) , P 3 = ( 1 , 2 ) , and P 4 = ( 1 , 4 )

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P 1 = ( 8 , 3 ) , P 2 = ( 6 , 5 ) , P 3 = ( 11 , 8 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 10 )

equal

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Given initial point P 1 = ( 3 , 1 ) and terminal point P 2 = ( 5 , 2 ) , write the vector v in terms of i and j .

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Given initial point P 1 = ( 6 , 0 ) and terminal point P 2 = ( 1 , 3 ) , write the vector v in terms of i and j .

7 i 3 j

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For the following exercises, use the vectors u = i + 5 j , v = −2 i − 3 j ,  and w = 4 i j .

Find 4 v + 2 u

6 i 2 j

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For the following exercises, use the given vectors to compute u + v , u v , and 2 u − 3 v .

u = 2 , 3 , v = 1 , 5

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u = 3 , 4 , v = 2 , 1

u + v = 5 , 5 , u v = 1 , 3 , 2 u 3 v = 0 , 5

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Let v = −4 i + 3 j . Find a vector that is half the length and points in the same direction as v .

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Let v = 5 i + 2 j . Find a vector that is twice the length and points in the opposite direction as v .

10 i 4 j

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For the following exercises, find a unit vector in the same direction as the given vector.

b = −2 i + 5 j

2 29 29 i + 5 29 29 j

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d = 1 3 i + 5 2 j

2 229 229 i + 15 229 229 j

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u = −14 i + 2 j

7 2 10 i + 2 10 j

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For the following exercises, find the magnitude and direction of the vector, 0 θ < 2 π .

6 , 5

| v | = 7.810 , θ = 39.806 °

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−4 , −6

| v | = 7.211 , θ = 236.310°

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Given u = 3 i − 4 j and v = −2 i + 3 j , calculate u v .

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Given u = − i j and v = i + 5 j , calculate u v .

6

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Given u = 2 , 4 and v = 3 , 1 , calculate u v .

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Given u = 1 , 6 and v = 6 , 1 , calculate u v .

12

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Graphical

For the following exercises, given v , draw v , 3 v and 1 2 v .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch u + v , u v , and 2 u .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch 2 u + v .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch u − 3 v .

For the following exercises, write the vector shown in component form.

Questions & Answers

For each year t, the population of a forest of trees is represented by the function A(t) = 117(1.029)t. In a neighboring forest, the population of the same type of tree is represented by the function B(t) = 86(1.025)t.
Shakeena Reply
by how many trees did forest "A" have a greater number?
Shakeena
32.243
Kenard
how solve standard form of polar
Rhudy Reply
what is a complex number used for?
Drew Reply
It's just like any other number. The important thing to know is that they exist and can be used in computations like any number.
Steve
I would like to add that they are used in AC signal analysis for one thing
Scott
Good call Scott. Also radar signals I believe.
Steve
Is there any rule we can use to get the nth term ?
Anwar Reply
how do you get the (1.4427)^t in the carp problem?
Gabrielle Reply
A hedge is contrusted to be in the shape of hyperbola near a fountain at the center of yard.the hedge will follow the asymptotes y=x and y=-x and closest distance near the distance to the centre fountain at 5 yards find the eqution of the hyperbola
ayesha Reply
A doctor prescribes 125 milligrams of a therapeutic drug that decays by about 30% each hour. To the nearest hour, what is the half-life of the drug?
Sandra Reply
Find the domain of the function in interval or inequality notation f(x)=4-9x+3x^2
prince Reply
hello
Jessica Reply
Outside temperatures over the course of a day can be modeled as a sinusoidal function. Suppose the high temperature of ?105°F??105°F? occurs at 5PM and the average temperature for the day is ?85°F.??85°F.? Find the temperature, to the nearest degree, at 9AM.
Karlee Reply
if you have the amplitude and the period and the phase shift ho would you know where to start and where to end?
Jean Reply
rotation by 80 of (x^2/9)-(y^2/16)=1
Garrett Reply
thanks the domain is good but a i would like to get some other examples of how to find the range of a function
bashiir Reply
what is the standard form if the focus is at (0,2) ?
Lorejean Reply
a²=4
Roy Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Precalculus. OpenStax CNX. Jan 19, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11667/1.6
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