# 5.8 Modeling using variation  (Page 7/14)

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## Dividing Polynomials

For the following exercises, use long division to find the quotient and remainder.

$\frac{{x}^{3}-2{x}^{2}+4x+4}{x-2}$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{x}^{2}+4\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ with remainder 12

$\frac{3{x}^{4}-4{x}^{2}+4x+8}{x+1}$

For the following exercises, use synthetic division to find the quotient. If the divisor is a factor, then write the factored form.

$\frac{{x}^{3}-2{x}^{2}+5x-1}{x+3}$

${x}^{2}-5x+20-\frac{61}{x+3}$

$\frac{{x}^{3}+4x+10}{x-3}$

$\frac{2{x}^{3}+6{x}^{2}-11x-12}{x+4}$

$2{x}^{2}-2x-3$ , so factored form is $\left(x+4\right)\left(2{x}^{2}-2x-3\right)$

$\frac{3{x}^{4}+3{x}^{3}+2x+2}{x+1}$

## Zeros of Polynomial Functions

For the following exercises, use the Rational Zero Theorem to help you solve the polynomial equation.

$2{x}^{3}-3{x}^{2}-18x-8=0$

$3{x}^{3}+11{x}^{2}+8x-4=0$

$2{x}^{4}-17{x}^{3}+46{x}^{2}-43x+12=0$

$4{x}^{4}+8{x}^{3}+19{x}^{2}+32x+12=0$

For the following exercises, use Descartes’ Rule of Signs to find the possible number of positive and negative solutions.

${x}^{3}-3{x}^{2}-2x+4=0$

0 or 2 positive, 1 negative

$2{x}^{4}-{x}^{3}+4{x}^{2}-5x+1=0$

## Rational Functions

For the following exercises, find the intercepts and the vertical and horizontal asymptotes, and then use them to sketch a graph of the function.

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{x+2}{x-5}$

Intercepts $\left(–2,0\right)\text{and}\left(0,-\frac{2}{5}\right)$ , Asymptotes $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=5\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=1.$

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{{x}^{2}+1}{{x}^{2}-4}$

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{3{x}^{2}-27}{{x}^{2}+x-2}$

Intercepts (3, 0), (-3, 0), and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,\frac{27}{2}\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ , Asymptotes

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{x+2}{{x}^{2}-9}$

For the following exercises, find the slant asymptote.

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{{x}^{2}-1}{x+2}$

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{2{x}^{3}-{x}^{2}+4}{{x}^{2}+1}$

For the following exercises, find the inverse of the function with the domain given.

$f\left(x\right)={\left(x-2\right)}^{2},\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\ge 2$

${f}^{-1}\left(x\right)=\sqrt{x}+2$

$f\left(x\right)={\left(x+4\right)}^{2}-3,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\ge -4$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{2}+6x-2,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\ge -3$

${f}^{-1}\left(x\right)=\sqrt{x+11}-3$

$f\left(x\right)=2{x}^{3}-3$

$f\left(x\right)=\sqrt{4x+5}-3$

${f}^{-1}\left(x\right)=\frac{{\left(x+3\right)}^{2}-5}{4},\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\ge -3$

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{x-3}{2x+1}$

## Modeling Using Variation

For the following exercises, find the unknown value.

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ varies directly as the square of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ If when find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ if $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=4.$

$y=64$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ varies inversely as the square root of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ If when find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ if $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=4.$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ varies jointly as the cube of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and as $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ If when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z=2,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ $y=6,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ if $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z=3.$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ varies jointly as $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and the square of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and inversely as the cube of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}w.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ If when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=3,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ $z=4,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}w=2,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ $y=48,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ if $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=4,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ $z=5,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}w=3.$

For the following exercises, solve the application problem.

The weight of an object above the surface of the earth varies inversely with the distance from the center of the earth. If a person weighs 150 pounds when he is on the surface of the earth (3,960 miles from center), find the weight of the person if he is 20 miles above the surface.

148.5 pounds

The volume $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}V\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ of an ideal gas varies directly with the temperature $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}T\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and inversely with the pressure P. A cylinder contains oxygen at a temperature of 310 degrees K and a pressure of 18 atmospheres in a volume of 120 liters. Find the pressure if the volume is decreased to 100 liters and the temperature is increased to 320 degrees K.

## Chapter test

Give the degree and leading coefficient of the following polynomial function.

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{3}\left(3-6{x}^{2}-2{x}^{2}\right)$

Determine the end behavior of the polynomial function.

$f\left(x\right)=8{x}^{3}-3{x}^{2}+2x-4$

$As\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to -\infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}as\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\to \infty ,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\to \infty$

$f\left(x\right)=-2{x}^{2}\left(4-3x-5{x}^{2}\right)$

Write the quadratic function in standard form. Determine the vertex and axes intercepts and graph the function.

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{2}+2x-8$

$f\left(x\right)={\left(x+1\right)}^{2}-9$ , vertex $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-1,-9\right)$ , intercepts $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,0\right);\left(-4,0\right);\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,-8\right)$

Given information about the graph of a quadratic function, find its equation.

Vertex $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,0\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and point on graph $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(4,12\right).$

Solve the following application problem.

A rectangular field is to be enclosed by fencing. In addition to the enclosing fence, another fence is to divide the field into two parts, running parallel to two sides. If 1,200 feet of fencing is available, find the maximum area that can be enclosed.

60,000 square feet

Find all zeros of the following polynomial functions, noting multiplicities.

$f\left(x\right)={\left(x-3\right)}^{3}\left(3x-1\right){\left(x-1\right)}^{2}$

$f\left(x\right)=2{x}^{6}-12{x}^{5}+18{x}^{4}$

0 with multiplicity 4, 3 with multiplicity 2

Based on the graph, determine the zeros of the function and multiplicities.

Use long division to find the quotient.

$\frac{2{x}^{3}+3x-4}{x+2}$

$2{x}^{2}-4x+11-\frac{26}{x+2}$

Use synthetic division to find the quotient. If the divisor is a factor, write the factored form.

$\frac{{x}^{4}+3{x}^{2}-4}{x-2}$

$\frac{2{x}^{3}+5{x}^{2}-7x-12}{x+3}$

$2{x}^{2}-x-4$ . So factored form is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(x+3\right)\left(2{x}^{2}-x-4\right)$

Use the Rational Zero Theorem to help you find the zeros of the polynomial functions.

$f\left(x\right)=2{x}^{3}+5{x}^{2}-6x-9$

$f\left(x\right)=4{x}^{4}+8{x}^{3}+21{x}^{2}+17x+4$

$-\frac{1}{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ (has multiplicity 2), $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{-1±i\sqrt{15}}{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

$f\left(x\right)=4{x}^{4}+16{x}^{3}+13{x}^{2}-15x-18$

$f\left(x\right)={x}^{5}+6{x}^{4}+13{x}^{3}+14{x}^{2}+12x+8$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}-2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ (has multiplicity 3), $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}±i$

Given the following information about a polynomial function, find the function.

It has a double zero at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and zeros at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=-2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ . Its y -intercept is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,12\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

It has a zero of multiplicity 3 at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=\frac{1}{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and another zero at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=-3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ . It contains the point $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(1,8\right).$

$f\left(x\right)=2{\left(2x-1\right)}^{3}\left(x+3\right)$

Use Descartes’ Rule of Signs to determine the possible number of positive and negative solutions.

$8{x}^{3}-21{x}^{2}+6=0$

For the following rational functions, find the intercepts and horizontal and vertical asymptotes, and sketch a graph.

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{x+4}{{x}^{2}-2x-3}$

Intercepts $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-4,0\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(0,-\frac{4}{3}\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ , Asymptotes .

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{{x}^{2}+2x-3}{{x}^{2}-4}$

Find the slant asymptote of the rational function.

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{{x}^{2}+3x-3}{x-1}$

$y=x+4$

Find the inverse of the function.

$f\left(x\right)=\sqrt{x-2}+4$

$f\left(x\right)=3{x}^{3}-4$

${f}^{-1}\left(x\right)=\sqrt[3]{\frac{x+4}{3}}$

$f\left(x\right)=\frac{2x+3}{3x-1}$

Find the unknown value.

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ varies inversely as the square of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=3,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ $y=2.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ if $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=1.$

$y=18$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ varies jointly with $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and the cube root of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ If when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z=27,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ $y=12,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ if $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=5\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}z=8.$

Solve the following application problem.

The distance a body falls varies directly as the square of the time it falls. If an object falls 64 feet in 2 seconds, how long will it take to fall 256 feet?

4 seconds

what is the VA Ha D R X int Y int of f(x) =x²+4x+4/x+2 f(x) =x³-1/x-1
can I get help with this?
Wayne
Are they two separate problems or are the two functions a system?
Wilson
Also, is the first x squared in "x+4x+4"
Wilson
x^2+4x+4?
Wilson
thank you
Wilson
Wilson
f(x)=x square-root 2 +2x+1 how to solve this value
Wilson
what is algebra
The product of two is 32. Find a function that represents the sum of their squares.
Paul
if theta =30degree so COS2 theta = 1- 10 square theta upon 1 + tan squared theta
how to compute this 1. g(1-x) 2. f(x-2) 3. g (-x-/5) 4. f (x)- g (x)
hi
John
hi
Grace
what sup friend
John
not much For functions, there are two conditions for a function to be the inverse function:   1--- g(f(x)) = x for all x in the domain of f     2---f(g(x)) = x for all x in the domain of g Notice in both cases you will get back to the  element that you started with, namely, x.
Grace
sin theta=3/4.prove that sec square theta barabar 1 + tan square theta by cosec square theta minus cos square theta
acha se dhek ke bata sin theta ke value
Ajay
sin theta ke ja gha sin square theta hoga
Ajay
I want to know trigonometry but I can't understand it anyone who can help
Yh
Idowu
which part of trig?
Nyemba
functions
Siyabonga
trigonometry
Ganapathi
differentiation doubhts
Ganapathi
hi
Ganapathi
hello
Brittany
Prove that 4sin50-3tan 50=1
False statement so you cannot prove it
Wilson
f(x)= 1 x    f(x)=1x  is shifted down 4 units and to the right 3 units.
f (x) = −3x + 5 and g (x) = x − 5 /−3
Sebit
what are real numbers
I want to know partial fraction Decomposition.
classes of function in mathematics
divide y2_8y2+5y2/y2
wish i knew calculus to understand what's going on 🙂
@dashawn ... in simple terms, a derivative is the tangent line of the function. which gives the rate of change at that instant. to calculate. given f(x)==ax^n. then f'(x)=n*ax^n-1 . hope that help.
Christopher
thanks bro
Dashawn
maybe when i start calculus in a few months i won't be that lost 😎
Dashawn
what's the derivative of 4x^6
24x^5
James
10x
Axmed
24X^5
Taieb
comment écrire les symboles de math par un clavier normal
SLIMANE