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Could we have substituted values for y into the second equation to solve for x in [link] ?

Yes, but because x is squared in the second equation this could give us extraneous solutions for x .

For y = 1

y = x 2 + 1 y = x 2 + 1 x 2 = 0 x = ± 0 = 0

This gives us the same value as in the solution.

For y = 2

y = x 2 + 1 2 = x 2 + 1 x 2 = 1 x = ± 1 = ± 1

Notice that −1 is an extraneous solution.

Solve the given system of equations by substitution.

3 x y = −2 2 x 2 y = 0

( 1 2 , 1 2 ) and ( 2 , 8 )

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Intersection of a circle and a line

Just as with a parabola and a line, there are three possible outcomes when solving a system of equations representing a circle and a line.

Possible types of solutions for the points of intersection of a circle and a line

[link] illustrates possible solution sets for a system of equations involving a circle and a line.

  • No solution. The line does not intersect the circle.
  • One solution. The line is tangent to the circle and intersects the circle at exactly one point.
  • Two solutions. The line crosses the circle and intersects it at two points.

Given a system of equations containing a line and a circle, find the solution.

  1. Solve the linear equation for one of the variables.
  2. Substitute the expression obtained in step one into the equation for the circle.
  3. Solve for the remaining variable.
  4. Check your solutions in both equations.

Finding the intersection of a circle and a line by substitution

Find the intersection of the given circle and the given line by substitution.

x 2 + y 2 = 5 y = 3 x −5

One of the equations has already been solved for y . We will substitute y = 3 x −5 into the equation for the circle.

x 2 + ( 3 x −5 ) 2 = 5 x 2 + 9 x 2 −30 x + 25 = 5 10 x 2 −30 x + 20 = 0

Now, we factor and solve for x .

10 ( x 2 3 x + 2 ) = 0 10 ( x 2 ) ( x 1 ) = 0 x = 2 x = 1

Substitute the two x -values into the original linear equation to solve for y .

y = 3 ( 2 ) −5 = 1 y = 3 ( 1 ) −5 = −2

The line intersects the circle at ( 2 , 1 ) and ( 1 , −2 ) , which can be verified by substituting these ( x , y ) values into both of the original equations. See [link] .

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Solve the system of nonlinear equations.

x 2 + y 2 = 10 x −3 y = −10

( −1 , 3 )

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Solving a system of nonlinear equations using elimination

We have seen that substitution is often the preferred method when a system of equations includes a linear equation and a nonlinear equation. However, when both equations in the system have like variables of the second degree, solving them using elimination by addition is often easier than substitution. Generally, elimination is a far simpler method when the system involves only two equations in two variables (a two-by-two system), rather than a three-by-three system, as there are fewer steps. As an example, we will investigate the possible types of solutions when solving a system of equations representing a circle and an ellipse.

Possible types of solutions for the points of intersection of a circle and an ellipse

[link] illustrates possible solution sets for a system of equations involving a circle and an ellipse .

  • No solution. The circle and ellipse do not intersect. One shape is inside the other or the circle and the ellipse are a distance away from the other.
  • One solution. The circle and ellipse are tangent to each other, and intersect at exactly one point.
  • Two solutions. The circle and the ellipse intersect at two points.
  • Three solutions. The circle and the ellipse intersect at three points.
  • Four solutions. The circle and the ellipse intersect at four points.

Questions & Answers

can I see the picture
Zairen Reply
How would you find if a radical function is one to one?
Peighton Reply
how to understand calculus?
Jenica Reply
with doing calculus
SLIMANE
Thanks po.
Jenica
Hey I am new to precalculus, and wanted clarification please on what sine is as I am floored by the terms in this app? I don't mean to sound stupid but I have only completed up to college algebra.
rachel Reply
I don't know if you are looking for a deeper answer or not, but the sine of an angle in a right triangle is the length of the opposite side to the angle in question divided by the length of the hypotenuse of said triangle.
Marco
can you give me sir tips to quickly understand precalculus. Im new too in that topic. Thanks
Jenica
if you remember sine, cosine, and tangent from geometry, all the relationships are the same but they use x y and r instead (x is adjacent, y is opposite, and r is hypotenuse).
Natalie
it is better to use unit circle than triangle .triangle is only used for acute angles but you can begin with. Download any application named"unit circle" you find in it all you need. unit circle is a circle centred at origine (0;0) with radius r= 1.
SLIMANE
What is domain
johnphilip
the standard equation of the ellipse that has vertices (0,-4)&(0,4) and foci (0, -15)&(0,15) it's standard equation is x^2 + y^2/16 =1 tell my why is it only x^2? why is there no a^2?
Reena Reply
what is foci?
Reena Reply
This term is plural for a focus, it is used for conic sections. For more detail or other math questions. I recommend researching on "Khan academy" or watching "The Organic Chemistry Tutor" YouTube channel.
Chris
how to determine the vertex,focus,directrix and axis of symmetry of the parabola by equations
Bryssen Reply
i want to sure my answer of the exercise
meena Reply
what is the diameter of(x-2)²+(y-3)²=25
Den Reply
how to solve the Identity ?
Barcenas Reply
what type of identity
Jeffrey
Confunction Identity
Barcenas
how to solve the sums
meena
hello guys
meena
For each year t, the population of a forest of trees is represented by the function A(t) = 117(1.029)t. In a neighboring forest, the population of the same type of tree is represented by the function B(t) = 86(1.025)t.
Shakeena Reply
by how many trees did forest "A" have a greater number?
Shakeena
32.243
Kenard
how solve standard form of polar
Rhudy Reply
what is a complex number used for?
Drew Reply
It's just like any other number. The important thing to know is that they exist and can be used in computations like any number.
Steve
I would like to add that they are used in AC signal analysis for one thing
Scott
Good call Scott. Also radar signals I believe.
Steve
They are used in any profession where the phase of a waveform has to be accounted for in the calculations. Imagine two electrical signals in a wire that are out of phase by 90°. At some times they will interfere constructively, others destructively. Complex numbers simplify those equations
Tim
Is there any rule we can use to get the nth term ?
Anwar Reply
how do you get the (1.4427)^t in the carp problem?
Gabrielle Reply
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, Precalculus. OpenStax CNX. Jan 19, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11667/1.6
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