# 3.6 Zeros of polynomial functions  (Page 7/14)

 Page 7 / 14

A shipping container in the shape of a rectangular solid must have a volume of 84 cubic meters. The client tells the manufacturer that, because of the contents, the length of the container must be one meter longer than the width, and the height must be one meter greater than twice the width. What should the dimensions of the container be?

3 meters by 4 meters by 7 meters

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with zeros of polynomial functions.

## Key concepts

• To find $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(k\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ determine the remainder of the polynomial $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ when it is divided by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x-k.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ See [link] .
• $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a zero of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ if and only if $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(x-k\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a factor of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right).$ See [link] .
• Each rational zero of a polynomial function with integer coefficients will be equal to a factor of the constant term divided by a factor of the leading coefficient. See [link] and [link] .
• When the leading coefficient is 1, the possible rational zeros are the factors of the constant term.
• Synthetic division can be used to find the zeros of a polynomial function. See [link] .
• According to the Fundamental Theorem, every polynomial function has at least one complex zero. See [link] .
• Every polynomial function with degree greater than 0 has at least one complex zero.
• Allowing for multiplicities, a polynomial function will have the same number of factors as its degree. Each factor will be in the form $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(x-c\right),\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}c\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a complex number. See [link] .
• The number of positive real zeros of a polynomial function is either the number of sign changes of the function or less than the number of sign changes by an even integer.
• The number of negative real zeros of a polynomial function is either the number of sign changes of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(-x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ or less than the number of sign changes by an even integer. See [link] .
• Polynomial equations model many real-world scenarios. Solving the equations is easiest done by synthetic division. See [link] .

## Verbal

Describe a use for the Remainder Theorem.

The theorem can be used to evaluate a polynomial.

Explain why the Rational Zero Theorem does not guarantee finding zeros of a polynomial function.

What is the difference between rational and real zeros?

Rational zeros can be expressed as fractions whereas real zeros include irrational numbers.

If Descartes’ Rule of Signs reveals a no change of signs or one sign of changes, what specific conclusion can be drawn?

If synthetic division reveals a zero, why should we try that value again as a possible solution?

Polynomial functions can have repeated zeros, so the fact that number is a zero doesn’t preclude it being a zero again.

## Algebraic

For the following exercises, use the Remainder Theorem to find the remainder.

$\left({x}^{4}-9{x}^{2}+14\right)÷\left(x-2\right)$

$\left(3{x}^{3}-2{x}^{2}+x-4\right)÷\left(x+3\right)$

$-106$

$\left({x}^{4}+5{x}^{3}-4x-17\right)÷\left(x+1\right)$

$\left(-3{x}^{2}+6x+24\right)÷\left(x-4\right)$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}0\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

$\left(5{x}^{5}-4{x}^{4}+3{x}^{3}-2{x}^{2}+x-1\right)÷\left(x+6\right)$

$\left({x}^{4}-1\right)÷\left(x-4\right)$

$255$

$\left(3{x}^{3}+4{x}^{2}-8x+2\right)÷\left(x-3\right)$

$\left(4{x}^{3}+5{x}^{2}-2x+7\right)÷\left(x+2\right)$

$-1$

For the following exercises, use the Factor Theorem to find all real zeros for the given polynomial function and one factor.

#### Questions & Answers

how can are find the domain and range of a relations
A cell phone company offers two plans for minutes. Plan A: $15 per month and$2 for every 300 texts. Plan B: $25 per month and$0.50 for every 100 texts. How many texts would you need to send per month for plan B to save you money?
6000
Robert
more than 6000
Robert
can I see the picture
How would you find if a radical function is one to one?
how to understand calculus?
with doing calculus
SLIMANE
Thanks po.
Jenica
Hey I am new to precalculus, and wanted clarification please on what sine is as I am floored by the terms in this app? I don't mean to sound stupid but I have only completed up to college algebra.
I don't know if you are looking for a deeper answer or not, but the sine of an angle in a right triangle is the length of the opposite side to the angle in question divided by the length of the hypotenuse of said triangle.
Marco
can you give me sir tips to quickly understand precalculus. Im new too in that topic. Thanks
Jenica
if you remember sine, cosine, and tangent from geometry, all the relationships are the same but they use x y and r instead (x is adjacent, y is opposite, and r is hypotenuse).
Natalie
it is better to use unit circle than triangle .triangle is only used for acute angles but you can begin with. Download any application named"unit circle" you find in it all you need. unit circle is a circle centred at origine (0;0) with radius r= 1.
SLIMANE
What is domain
johnphilip
the standard equation of the ellipse that has vertices (0,-4)&(0,4) and foci (0, -15)&(0,15) it's standard equation is x^2 + y^2/16 =1 tell my why is it only x^2? why is there no a^2?
what is foci?
This term is plural for a focus, it is used for conic sections. For more detail or other math questions. I recommend researching on "Khan academy" or watching "The Organic Chemistry Tutor" YouTube channel.
Chris
how to determine the vertex,focus,directrix and axis of symmetry of the parabola by equations
i want to sure my answer of the exercise
what is the diameter of(x-2)²+(y-3)²=25
how to solve the Identity ?
what type of identity
Jeffrey
Confunction Identity
Barcenas
how to solve the sums
meena
hello guys
meena
For each year t, the population of a forest of trees is represented by the function A(t) = 117(1.029)t. In a neighboring forest, the population of the same type of tree is represented by the function B(t) = 86(1.025)t.
by how many trees did forest "A" have a greater number?
Shakeena
32.243
Kenard
how solve standard form of polar
what is a complex number used for?
It's just like any other number. The important thing to know is that they exist and can be used in computations like any number.
Steve
I would like to add that they are used in AC signal analysis for one thing
Scott
Good call Scott. Also radar signals I believe.
Steve
They are used in any profession where the phase of a waveform has to be accounted for in the calculations. Imagine two electrical signals in a wire that are out of phase by 90°. At some times they will interfere constructively, others destructively. Complex numbers simplify those equations
Tim