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x f(x)
1 409.4
2 260.7
3 170.4
4 110.6
5 74
6 44.7
7 32.4
8 19.5
9 12.7
10 8.1
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x f(x)
0.15 36.21
0.25 28.88
0.5 24.39
0.75 18.28
1 16.5
1.5 12.99
2 9.91
2.25 8.57
2.75 7.23
3 5.99
3.5 4.81

logarithmic; y = 16.68718 9.71860 ln ( x )

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x f(x)
0 9
2 22.6
4 44.2
5 62.1
7 96.9
8 113.4
10 133.4
11 137.6
15 148.4
17 149.3
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Practice test

The population of a pod of bottlenose dolphins is modeled by the function A ( t ) = 8 ( 1.17 ) t , where t is given in years. To the nearest whole number, what will the pod population be after 3 years?

About 13 dolphins.

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Find an exponential equation that passes through the points (0, 4) and (2, 9) .

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Drew wants to save $2,500 to go to the next World Cup. To the nearest dollar, how much will he need to invest in an account now with 6.25 % APR, compounding daily, in order to reach his goal in 4 years?

$ 1,947

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An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4 % interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?

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Graph the function f ( x ) = 5 ( 0.5 ) x and its reflection across the y -axis on the same axes, and give the y -intercept.

y -intercept: ( 0 ,  5 )

Graph of f(-x)=5(0.5)^-x in blue and f(x)=5(0.5)^x in orange.
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The graph shows transformations of the graph of f ( x ) = ( 1 2 ) x . What is the equation for the transformation?

Graph of f(x)= (1/2)^x.
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Rewrite log 8.5 ( 614.125 ) = a as an equivalent exponential equation.

8.5 a = 614.125

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Rewrite e 1 2 = m as an equivalent logarithmic equation.

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Solve for x by converting the logarithmic equation l o g 1 7 ( x ) = 2 to exponential form.

x = ( 1 7 ) 2 = 1 49

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Evaluate log ( 10,000,000 ) without using a calculator.

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Evaluate ln ( 0.716 ) using a calculator. Round to the nearest thousandth.

ln ( 0.716 ) 0.334

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Graph the function g ( x ) = log ( 12 6 x ) + 3.

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State the domain, vertical asymptote, and end behavior of the function f ( x ) = log 5 ( 39 13 x ) + 7.

Domain: x < 3 ; Vertical asymptote: x = 3 ; End behavior: x 3 , f ( x ) and x , f ( x )

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Rewrite log ( 17 a 2 b ) as a sum.

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Rewrite log t ( 96 ) log t ( 8 ) in compact form.

log t ( 12 )

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Rewrite log 8 ( a 1 b ) as a product.

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Use properties of logarithm to expand ln ( y 3 z 2 x 4 3 ) .

3 ln ( y ) + 2 ln ( z ) + ln ( x 4 ) 3

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Condense the expression 4 ln ( c ) + ln ( d ) + ln ( a ) 3 + ln ( b + 3 ) 3 to a single logarithm.

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Rewrite 16 3 x 5 = 1000 as a logarithm. Then apply the change of base formula to solve for x using the natural log. Round to the nearest thousandth.

x = ln ( 1000 ) ln ( 16 ) + 5 3 2.497

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Solve ( 1 81 ) x 1 243 = ( 1 9 ) 3 x 1 by rewriting each side with a common base.

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Use logarithms to find the exact solution for 9 e 10 a 8 5 = 41 . If there is no solution, write no solution .

a = ln ( 4 ) + 8 10

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Find the exact solution for 10 e 4 x + 2 + 5 = 56. If there is no solution, write no solution .

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Find the exact solution for 5 e 4 x 1 4 = 64. If there is no solution, write no solution .

no solution

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Find the exact solution for 2 x 3 = 6 2 x 1 . If there is no solution, write no solution .

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Find the exact solution for e 2 x e x 72 = 0. If there is no solution, write no solution .

x = ln ( 9 )

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Use the definition of a logarithm to find the exact solution for 4 log ( 2 n ) 7 = 11

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Use the one-to-one property of logarithms to find an exact solution for log ( 4 x 2 10 ) + log ( 3 ) = log ( 51 ) If there is no solution, write no solution .

x = ± 3 3 2

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The formula for measuring sound intensity in decibels D is defined by the equation D = 10 log ( I I 0 ) , where I is the intensity of the sound in watts per square meter and I 0 = 10 12 is the lowest level of sound that the average person can hear. How many decibels are emitted from a rock concert with a sound intensity of 4.7 10 1 watts per square meter?

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A radiation safety officer is working with 112 grams of a radioactive substance. After 17 days, the sample has decayed to 80 grams. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest day, what is the half-life of this substance?

f ( t ) = 112 e .019792 t ; half-life: about 35 days

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Write the formula found in the previous exercise as an equivalent equation with base e . Express the exponent to five significant digits.

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A bottle of soda with a temperature of 71° Fahrenheit was taken off a shelf and placed in a refrigerator with an internal temperature of 35° F . After ten minutes, the internal temperature of the soda was 63° F . Use Newton’s Law of Cooling to write a formula that models this situation. To the nearest degree, what will the temperature of the soda be after one hour?

T ( t ) = 36 e 0.025131 t + 35 ; T ( 60 ) 43 o F

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The population of a wildlife habitat is modeled by the equation P ( t ) = 360 1 + 6.2 e 0.35 t , where t is given in years. How many animals were originally transported to the habitat? How many years will it take before the habitat reaches half its capacity?

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Enter the data from [link] into a graphing calculator and graph the resulting scatter plot. Determine whether the data from the table would likely represent a function that is linear, exponential, or logarithmic.

x f(x)
1 3
2 8.55
3 11.79
4 14.09
5 15.88
6 17.33
7 18.57
8 19.64
9 20.58
10 21.42

logarithmic

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The population of a lake of fish is modeled by the logistic equation P ( t ) = 16 , 120 1 + 25 e 0.75 t , where t is time in years. To the nearest hundredth, how many years will it take the lake to reach 80 % of its carrying capacity?

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For the following exercises, use a graphing utility to create a scatter diagram of the data given in the table. Observe the shape of the scatter diagram to determine whether the data is best described by an exponential, logarithmic, or logistic model. Then use the appropriate regression feature to find an equation that models the data. When necessary, round values to five decimal places.

x f(x)
1 20
2 21.6
3 29.2
4 36.4
5 46.6
6 55.7
7 72.6
8 87.1
9 107.2
10 138.1

exponential; y = 15.10062 ( 1.24621 ) x

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x f(x)
3 13.98
4 17.84
5 20.01
6 22.7
7 24.1
8 26.15
9 27.37
10 28.38
11 29.97
12 31.07
13 31.43
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x f(x)
0 2.2
0.5 2.9
1 3.9
1.5 4.8
2 6.4
3 9.3
4 12.3
5 15
6 16.2
7 17.3
8 17.9

logistic; y = 18.41659 1 + 7.54644 e 0.68375 x

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Questions & Answers

the gradient function of a curve is 2x+4 and the curve passes through point (1,4) find the equation of the curve
Kc Reply
1+cos²A/cos²A=2cosec²A-1
Ramesh Reply
test for convergence the series 1+x/2+2!/9x3
success Reply
a man walks up 200 meters along a straight road whose inclination is 30 degree.How high above the starting level is he?
Lhorren Reply
100 meters
Kuldeep
Find that number sum and product of all the divisors of 360
jancy Reply
answer
Ajith
exponential series
Naveen
what is subgroup
Purshotam Reply
Prove that: (2cos&+1)(2cos&-1)(2cos2&-1)=2cos4&+1
Macmillan Reply
e power cos hyperbolic (x+iy)
Vinay Reply
10y
Michael
tan hyperbolic inverse (x+iy)=alpha +i bita
Payal Reply
prove that cos(π/6-a)*cos(π/3+b)-sin(π/6-a)*sin(π/3+b)=sin(a-b)
Tejas Reply
why {2kπ} union {kπ}={kπ}?
Huy Reply
why is {2kπ} union {kπ}={kπ}? when k belong to integer
Huy
if 9 sin theta + 40 cos theta = 41,prove that:41 cos theta = 41
Trilochan Reply
what is complex numbers
Ayushi Reply
Please you teach
Dua
Yes
ahmed
Thank you
Dua
give me treganamentry question
Anshuman Reply
Solve 2cos x + 3sin x = 0.5
shobana Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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