# 4.1 Linear functions  (Page 14/27)

 Page 14 / 27

A line passes through the points, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-2,\text{−15}\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,-3\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Find the equation of a perpendicular line that passes through the point, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(6,4\right).$

$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=–\frac{1}{3}x+6$

Access this online resource for additional instruction and practice with linear functions.

## Key concepts

• Linear functions can be represented in words, function notation, tabular form, and graphical form. See [link] .
• An increasing linear function results in a graph that slants upward from left to right and has a positive slope. A decreasing linear function results in a graph that slants downward from left to right and has a negative slope. A constant linear function results in a graph that is a horizontal line. See [link] .
• Slope is a rate of change. The slope of a linear function can be calculated by dividing the difference between y -values by the difference in corresponding x -values of any two points on the line. See [link] and [link] .
• An equation for a linear function can be written from a graph. See [link] .
• The equation for a linear function can be written if the slope $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}m\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and initial value $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ are known. See [link] and [link] .
• A linear function can be used to solve real-world problems given information in different forms. See [link] , [link] , and [link] .
• Linear functions can be graphed by plotting points or by using the y -intercept and slope. See [link] and [link] .
• Graphs of linear functions may be transformed by using shifts up, down, left, or right, as well as through stretches, compressions, and reflections. See [link] .
• The equation for a linear function can be written by interpreting the graph. See [link] .
• The x -intercept is the point at which the graph of a linear function crosses the x -axis. See [link] .
• Horizontal lines are written in the form, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=b.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ See [link] .
• Vertical lines are written in the form, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=b.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ See [link] .
• Parallel lines have the same slope. Perpendicular lines have negative reciprocal slopes, assuming neither is vertical. See [link] .
• A line parallel to another line, passing through a given point, may be found by substituting the slope value of the line and the x - and y -values of the given point into the equation, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=mx+b,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and using the $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ that results. Similarly, the point-slope form of an equation can also be used. See [link] .
• A line perpendicular to another line, passing through a given point, may be found in the same manner, with the exception of using the negative reciprocal slope. See [link] and [link] .

## Verbal

Terry is skiing down a steep hill. Terry's elevation, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}E\left(t\right),$ in feet after $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ seconds is given by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}E\left(t\right)=3000-70t.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Write a complete sentence describing Terry’s starting elevation and how it is changing over time.

Terry starts at an elevation of 3000 feet and descends 70 feet per second.

Jessica is walking home from a friend’s house. After 2 minutes she is 1.4 miles from home. Twelve minutes after leaving, she is 0.9 miles from home. What is her rate in miles per hour?

A boat is 100 miles away from the marina, sailing directly toward it at 10 miles per hour. Write an equation for the distance of the boat from the marina after t hours.

$d\left(t\right)=100-10t$

#### Questions & Answers

what is the VA Ha D R X int Y int of f(x) =x²+4x+4/x+2 f(x) =x³-1/x-1
Shadow Reply
can I get help with this?
Wayne
Are they two separate problems or are the two functions a system?
Wilson
Also, is the first x squared in "x+4x+4"
Wilson
x^2+4x+4?
Wilson
thank you
Wilson
Please see ***imgur.com/a/lpTpDZk for solutions
Wilson
f(x)=x square-root 2 +2x+1 how to solve this value
Marjun Reply
factor or use quadratic formula
Wilson
what is algebra
Ige Reply
The product of two is 32. Find a function that represents the sum of their squares.
Paul
if theta =30degree so COS2 theta = 1- 10 square theta upon 1 + tan squared theta
Martin Reply
how to compute this 1. g(1-x) 2. f(x-2) 3. g (-x-/5) 4. f (x)- g (x)
Yanah Reply
hi
John
hi
Grace
what sup friend
John
not much For functions, there are two conditions for a function to be the inverse function:   1--- g(f(x)) = x for all x in the domain of f     2---f(g(x)) = x for all x in the domain of g Notice in both cases you will get back to the  element that you started with, namely, x.
Grace
sin theta=3/4.prove that sec square theta barabar 1 + tan square theta by cosec square theta minus cos square theta
Umesh Reply
acha se dhek ke bata sin theta ke value
Ajay
sin theta ke ja gha sin square theta hoga
Ajay
I want to know trigonometry but I can't understand it anyone who can help
Siyabonga Reply
Yh
Idowu
which part of trig?
Nyemba
functions
Siyabonga
trigonometry
Ganapathi
differentiation doubhts
Ganapathi
hi
Ganapathi
hello
Brittany
Prove that 4sin50-3tan 50=1
Sudip Reply
False statement so you cannot prove it
Wilson
f(x)= 1 x    f(x)=1x  is shifted down 4 units and to the right 3 units.
Sebit Reply
f (x) = −3x + 5 and g (x) = x − 5 /−3
Sebit
what are real numbers
Marty Reply
I want to know partial fraction Decomposition.
Adama Reply
classes of function in mathematics
Yazidu Reply
divide y2_8y2+5y2/y2
Sumanth Reply
wish i knew calculus to understand what's going on 🙂
Dashawn Reply
@dashawn ... in simple terms, a derivative is the tangent line of the function. which gives the rate of change at that instant. to calculate. given f(x)==ax^n. then f'(x)=n*ax^n-1 . hope that help.
Christopher
thanks bro
Dashawn
maybe when i start calculus in a few months i won't be that lost 😎
Dashawn
what's the derivative of 4x^6
Axmed Reply
24x^5
James
10x
Axmed
24X^5
Taieb
comment écrire les symboles de math par un clavier normal
SLIMANE

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