# 0.2 Practice tests (1-4) and final exams  (Page 16/36)

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83 . $\Sigma X\sim N\left(n{\mu }_{x},\left(\sqrt{n}\right)\left({\sigma }_{x}\right)\right)$ so $\Sigma X\sim N\left(4000,28.3\right)$

84 .The probability is 0.50, because 5,000 is the mean of the sampling distribution of sums of size 40 from this population. Sums of random variables computed from a sample of sufficient size are normally distributed, and in a normal distribution, half the values lie below the mean.

85 . Using the empirical rule, you would expect 95 percent of the values to be within two standard deviations of the mean. Using the formula for the standard deviation is for a sample sum: $\left(\sqrt{n}\right)\left({\sigma }_{x}\right)=\left(\sqrt{40}\right)\left(7\right)=44.3$ so you would expect 95 percent of the values to be between 5,000 + (2)(44.3) and 5,000 – (2)(44.3), or between 4,911.4 and 588.6.

86 . $\mu -\left(\sqrt{n}\right)\left({\sigma }_{x}\right)=5000-\left(\sqrt{40}\right)\left(7\right)=4955.7$

87 . $5000+\left(2.2\right)\left(\sqrt{40}\right)\left(7\right)=5097.4$

## 7.3: using the central limit theorem

88 . The law of large numbers says that as sample size increases, the sample mean tends to get nearer and nearer to the population mean.

89 . You would expect the mean from a sample of size 100 to be nearer to the population mean, because the law of large numbers says that as sample size increases, the sample mean tends to approach the population mea.

90 . X ~ N (0.10, 0.20)

91 . $\overline{X}\sim N\left({\mu }_{x},\frac{{\sigma }_{x}}{\sqrt{n}}\right)$ and the standard deviation of a uniform distribution is $\frac{b-a}{\sqrt{12}}$ . In this example, the standard deviation of the distribution is $\frac{b-a}{\sqrt{12}}=\frac{0.10}{\sqrt{12}}=0.03$
so $\overline{X}\sim N\left(0.15,0.003\right)$

92 .

## 8.1: confidence interval, single population mean, population standard deviation known, normal

Use the following information to answer the next seven exercises. You draw a sample of size 30 from a normally distributed population with a standard deviation of four.

1 . What is the standard error of the sample mean in this scenario, rounded to two decimal places?

2 . What is the distribution of the sample mean?

3 . If you want to construct a two-sided 95% confidence interval, how much probability will be in each tail of the distribution?

4 . What is the appropriate z -score and error bound or margin of error ( EBM ) for a 95% confidence interval for this data?

5 . Rounding to two decimal places, what is the 95% confidence interval if the sample mean is 41?

6 . What is the 90% confidence interval if the sample mean is 41? Round to two decimal places

7 . Suppose the sample size in this study had been 50, rather than 30. What would the 95% confidence interval be if the sample mean is 41? Round your answer to two decimal places.

8 . For any given data set and sampling situation, which would you expect to be wider: a 95% confidence interval or a 99% confidence interval?

## 8.2: confidence interval, single population mean, standard deviation unknown, student’s t

9 . Comparing graphs of the standard normal distribution ( z -distribution) and a t -distribution with 15 degrees of freedom ( df ), how do they differ?

10 . Comparing graphs of the standard normal distribution ( z -distribution) and a t -distribution with 15 degrees of freedom ( df ), how are they similar?

Use the following information to answer the next five exercises. Body temperature is known to be distributed normally among healthy adults. Because you do not know the population standard deviation, you use the t-distribution to study body temperature. You collect data from a random sample of 20 healthy adults and find that your sample temperatures have a mean of 98.4 and a sample standard deviation of 0.3 (both in degrees Fahrenheit).

#### Questions & Answers

how to construct a histogram
I really appreciate that
I want to test linear regression data such as maintenance fees vs house size. Can I use R square, F test to test the relationship? Is the good condition of R square greater than 0.5
yes of course must have use f test and also use t test individually multple coefficients
rishi
Alright
umar
hi frnd I'm akeem by name, I wanna study economics and statistics wat ar d thing I must do to b a great economist
akeem
Is R square cannot analysis linear regression of X vs Y relationship?
Mok
To be an economist you have to be professional in maths
umar
hi frnds
Shehu
what is random sampling what is sample error
@Nistha Kashyap Random sampling is the selection of random items (or random numbers) from the group. A sample error occurs when the selected samples do not truely represent the whole group. The can happen when most or all of the selected samples are taken from only one section of the group;
Ron
Thus the sample is not truely random.
Ron
What is zero sum game?
A game in which there is no profit & no loss to any of the both player.
Milan
Differences between sample mean & population mean
***keydifferences.com/difference-between-sample-mean-and-population-mean.html
Lucien
Not difference in the formula except the notation, sample mean is denoted by x bar and population mean is denoted by mu symbol. There is formula as well as notation between difference variance and standard deviations
Akash
Likely the difference would be in the result, unless the sample is an exact representation of the population (which is unlikely.)
Ron
what is data
Nii
Nii Avin - Data is just a simple way to refer to the numbers in the population, or in the sample used in your calculations.
Ron
what are the types of data
Nii
Data is the very pale android from the Star Trek Enterprise
Andrew
Am Emmanuel from Nigeria
Emmanuel
Am Qudus from Nigeria
Rasak
am Handson from Cameroon
Handson
what is a mode?
Handson
Nii - data is whatever you are sampling. Such as the number of students in each classroom.
Ron
Handson Ndintek - the mode is the number appearing most frequently. Example: 7 9 11 7 4 6 3 7 2. 7 is the mode. In a group such as 7 9 1 4 6 3, there is no mode because no number appears more often than any other.
Ron
hi I want to know how to find class boundary
Baalisi
give me the two types of data
qualitative and quantitative
phoenix
primary and secondary data
Peace
qualitative and quantitative
Prince
Using Cauchy Schwartz inequality,or prove that b2-b1-1=0
what is the ongoing probability that President Trump will remain in the position he has chosen as his viability of his cabinet as he runs for reelection in the primaries of 2020 election year
Terry
what is statistic?
it's a science of collection, organization, analysis and summarizing data to get useful information to make several types of conclusions.which can be used in real life.
anshika
what is the statistical probability that president Trump will remain in the white house after the election of 2020?
Terry
i agree with anshika is right but let me add that such decisions are made in face of uncertainty
Maureen
yes
Stephen
classification of statistic
statistic can classified into many types eassy to understand future values effect
Narendra
what is mean?
Jhasaketan
average value
Narendra
İ want to understand what is t test or neyma. Pearson test ans difference
Yasin
to test the hypotesis ho follws h1 l1/lo
Narendra
Hope this helps. There are three main types of averages. *mean -> average -> (X1+X2+X3+...+Xn) / n *mode -> the element within a set which occurs most. {3,4,5,8,12,3,4,3,3,56} mode = 3 *median -  {3,3,4,5,8,12,56} median = 5 OR {3,4,5,8,12,56} median = 6.5
Jack
conceptual approach to limits
how are limits derived?
lameck
an entire section of calculus is devoted to that explanation.
Pitior
what is statistics?
statistics :- can be defined as the branches of mathematics that deals with the summarizing, analysing,organization and interpretation of data.
Usman
well said
Venkat
can we find Z value on calculator with out using Z table
no
Pitior
why
Maham
can another way is possible ?
Maham
Well you could make a table. And as the function you use the one used at the z table
Luca
The normal function is only one way, so you can only try using different numbers until you get the probability that you have. So that is easier if you have a table
Luca
me don't know nothing about z table and don't know how to see the z value on table can you tell me please how see the value on table
Maham
The z table is the table of the standard normal distribution
Luca
You can look it up on internet, its easier than writing down the normal distribution function (with an integral) and doing a table in the calculator
Luca
OK thanks luca
Maham
yes use pnorm in r
Venkat
pnorm(2.3,mean=0,sd=1)
Venkat
pnorm?
Maham
do u have r software
Venkat
no
Maham
its with tht u will get
Venkat
or type in google
Venkat
z mathportal calculator
Venkat
calculator
Venkat
OK venkat thanks
Maham
welcome
Venkat
have calculator but don't know how find z value
Maham
ti83
Venkat
hey guys I'm from computer background so what are the concepts I supposed to prepare for interview in statistics
Alwin
descriptive stats
Venkat
inferential stats
Venkat
outlier treatment
Venkat
boxplot
Venkat
ok
Alwin
assumption of linear regression
Venkat
logistic regression
Venkat
k means clustering
Venkat
exact syllabus?
Alwin
type. analytics vidya interview questions statistics
Venkat
listen. data also
Venkat
like this forum
Jameel
My question is "is it only stats?"
Jameel
wer is the problem
Venkat
how find straight line equation in regression
u can find using excel
Venkat
or r studio
Venkat
for regression
Venkat
shall i help
Venkat
im an expert
Venkat
by giving a value to x,y
Ibrokhim
first provide data
Venkat
ill solve and guve
Venkat
ive
Venkat
Maham
maham you posted data
Venkat
Venkat
ok
Maham
x:1,2,3,4,5 y:2,5,6,8,9
Maham
regredsion equation is
Venkat
y=0.9+1.7x
Venkat
reg eq is y=0.9+1.7x
Venkat
slope = 1.7
Venkat
yintercept = 0.9
Venkat
Venkat
thanx venkat naveen😊
Maham
welcome
Venkat
the tenth percentile for land selling at jabi is 35,000 and the nineteenth percentile for the land price in the same area is 225,what is the 10_90 percentile range