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Test process

Testing concepts, strategies, techniques, and measures need to be integrated into a defined and controlled process which is run by people. The test process supports testing activities and provides guidance to testing teams, from test planning to test output evaluation, in such a way as to provide justified assurance that the test objectives will be met cost-effectively.

Practical considerations

Attitudes/egoless programming

A very important component of successful testing is a collaborative attitude towards testing and quality assurance activities. Managers have a key role in fostering a generally favorable reception towards failure discovery during development and maintenance; for instance, by preventing a mindset of code ownership among programmers, so that they will not feel responsible for failures revealed by their code.

Test guides

The testing phases could be guided by various aims, for example: in risk-based testing, which uses the product risks to prioritize and focus the test strategy; or in scenario-based testing, in which test cases are defined based on specified software scenarios.

Test process management (ieee1074-97, ieee12207.0-96:s5.3.9)

Test activities conducted at different levels must be organized, together with people, tools, policies, and measurements, into a well-defined process which is an integral part of the life cycle. In IEEE/EIA Standard 12207.0, testing is not described as a stand-alone process, but principles for testing activities are included along with both the five primary life cycle processes and the supporting process. In IEEE Std 1074, testing is grouped with other evaluation activities as integral to the entire life cycle.

Test documentation and work products (ieee829-98)

Documentation is an integral part of the formalization of the test process. The IEEE Standard for Software Test Documentation (IEEE829-98) provides a good description of test documents and of their relationship with one another and with the testing process. Test documents may include, among others, Test Plan, Test Design Specification, Test Procedure Specification, Test Case Specification, Test Log, and Test Incident or Problem Report. The software under test is documented as the Test Item. Test documentation should be produced and continually updated, to the same level of quality as other types of documentation in software engineering.

Internal vs. independent test team

Formalization of the test process may involve formalizing the test team organization as well. The test team can be composed of internal members (that is, on the project team, involved or not in software construction), of external members, in the hope of bringing in an unbiased, independent perspective, or, finally, of both internal and external members. Considerations of costs, schedule, maturity levels of the involved organizations, and criticality of the application may determine the decision.

Cost/effort estimation and other process measures (ieee982.1-88)

Several measures related to the resources spent on testing, as well as to the relative fault-finding effectiveness of the various test phases, are used by managers to control and improve the test process. These test measures may cover such aspects as number of test cases specified, number of test cases executed, number of test cases passed, and number of test cases failed, among others.

Questions & Answers

differentiate between writing and jotting
Mmem Reply
configration management
Ravi Reply
what is a computer software
Chinaza Reply
Computer software is programming code executed on a computer processor at either the machine-level or the level of the operating system. ... The physical components of a computer are the hardware, and the digital programs running on the hardware are the software.
SATYAM
9292
Saeed
what is sofftware
Mohammed Reply
Software, in its most general sense, is a set of instructions or programs instructing a computer to do specific tasks. Software is a generic term used to describe computer programs. Scripts, applications, programs and a set of instructions are all terms often used to describe software.
SATYAM
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Ali
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SATYAM Reply
draw context model for a patient information system in a hospital
shruti Reply
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Matthew Reply
To activate Microsoft word, please follow these steps below: 1. On windows 8.1 or Windows 10, choose start. 2. Scroll down through your apps and choose Microsoft office- the tile with the Office logo. 3. In the windows that open, choose Activate. 4. Do one of the following:
Abdul
. If you are asked to sign in with your Microsoft account, that means you do not need a product key. proceed to the next step below and enter your Microsoft account. OR . If you are asked to enter a product key, this means a key was included with your purchase.
Abdul
Look for it on your Certificate of Authenticity or a card in the packaging. If you cannot find it, contact your reseller. The key uses a combination of 25 letters and numbers and looks this: xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx. Enter your key in the space provided. 5. Sign in with your Microsoft account
Abdul
to activate the Office product that came with your device.
Abdul
What can we do with cmd
Ibrahim Reply
cmd performs a lot of things that can perfomed in graphical method, generally interacting with files in the computer like deleting, writing, creating cmd can be used for networking purposes... mostly in network configurations, trying to view network setups etc.
Baraka
in programming....you can interact with your databases by using cmd.......so it performs a lot of things. good day.
Baraka
sir the basic questions is that what is cmd
Ali
what is software
Igho Reply
is set of instructions (generally referred to as code), that is positioned between you and the device hardware, enable you to use it .
Abdul
that's what a software can be defined as.
Abdul
Hi
Harinathreddy
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Ali
it may also concern to hardware or not
Ali
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Ali
what is white box testing
MUNEIAH Reply
White Box Testing is a software testing method in which the internal structure/ design/ implementation of the item being tested is known to the tester.
khalil
What is software life cycle model? Why is it important during the development of a large softwre products
ramsahay Reply
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vijay Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Software engineering. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10790/1.1
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