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Control process

The outcomes of the process monitoring activities provide the basis on which action decisions are taken. Where appropriate, and where the impact and associated risks are modeled and managed, changes can be made to the project. This may take the form of corrective action (for example, retesting certain components), it may involve the incorporation of contingencies so that similar occurrences are avoided (for example, the decision to use prototyping to assist in software requirements validation), and/or it may entail the revision of the various plans and other project documents (for example, requirements specification) to accommodate the unexpected outcomes and their implications.

Reporting

At specified and agreed periods, adherence to the plans is reported, both within the organization (for example to the project portfolio steering committee) and to external stakeholders (for example, clients, users). Reports of this nature should focus on overall adherence as opposed to the detailed reporting required frequently within the project team.

Review and evaluation

At critical points in the project, overall progress towards achievement of the stated objectives and satisfaction of stakeholder requirements are evaluated. Similarly, assessments of the effectiveness of the overall process to date, the personnel involved, and the tools and methods employed are also undertaken at particular milestones.

Determining satisfaction of requirements

Since attaining stakeholder (user and customer) satisfaction is one of our principal aims, it is important that progress towards this aim be formally and periodically assessed. This occurs on achievement of major project milestones (for example, confirmation of software design architecture, software integration technical review). Variances from expectations are identified and appropriate action is taken.

Reviewing and evaluating performance

Periodic performance reviews for project personnel provide insights as to the likelihood of adherence to plans as well as possible areas of difficulty (for example, team member conflicts). The various methods, tools, and techniques employed are evaluated for their effectiveness and appropriateness, and the process itself is systematically and periodically assessed for its relevance, utility, and efficacy in the project context. Where appropriate, changes are made and managed.

Closure

The project reaches closure when all the plans and embodied processes have been enacted and completed. At this stage, the criteria for project success are revisited. Once closure is established, archival, post mortem, and process improvement activities are performed.

Determining closure

The tasks as specified in the plans are complete, and satisfactory achievement of completion criteria is confirmed. All planned products have been delivered with acceptable characteristics. Requirements are checked off and confirmed as satisfied, and the objectives of the project have been achieved. These processes generally involve all stakeholders and result in the documentation of client acceptance and any remaining known problem reports.

Questions & Answers

how to start making a software?
Jerry Reply
books or teacher
Louis
both of
Hemant
both
ben
i prefer books and a reference teacher on side im self taught self learn everything
Louis
time is your best friend
Louis
I want learn more as well
Ogunrinde
well honestly it would be too large to explain everything in chat but, pick the programming language of choice your most comfortable with, learn that language, make it yours, use it as a primary language to learn in parallel any other language of object oriented programming,
Louis
also it wouldn't hurt to have a basic background in math
Louis
but be a scientist behind the machine(Computer)
Louis
have math be your way of translation of human to computer interaction because you can solve any problem in the universe with mathematics
Louis
good to know discrete topics embedded systems, electrical engineering
Louis
doesn't hurt to have a buddy to team up on project while your asleep to keep progressing
Louis
(Important!..) have real data to work on, the reason is because there have to be some goal to be achieved at some point.
Louis
Be alittle greedy to learn any and all about any language you use.
Louis
Another important thing is not to rush through learning
Louis
once you learn a concept try teaching the concept to someone else who is as interested as you are, that way. the concept will be stuck concretely in your mind.
Louis
slow but sure please guys.education is not like food.
Emmanuel
if you like graphics and games you can use a language that have graphics libraries such as C++, Python, or Java as an example
Louis
who can tell Why software is more important in computer science
Emmanuel
don't just learn alittle want the whole thing and want to know everything at your finger tips
Louis
grasp
Louis
because the hardware and software is useful depends on how useful your goal is
Louis
graphics is not about database management system.c++ is about programming.
Emmanuel
be an android who's drug is "addicted to information" related to the field.
Louis
and in need of the most complex algorithm update
Louis
learn console applications
Louis
how does your languge relate to databases
Louis
and web programming
Louis
i know just throwing some things your way to open mind
Louis
im certi at c++
Louis
it is a general programming language used to build many infrastructure
Louis
including database web and many other soft ware frameworks
Louis
excellent
Ogunrinde
Thanks
Louis
Suppose we are faced with developing a system that we expect to have 100000LOC. Compute the effort and the effort development time for each of the three development modes i.e. Organic, semi - detached and embedded .
yukta Reply
c++ or python or java
Louis
Discuss multi threading as used in windows, Linux and Unix
James Reply
what is software ?
Chirag Reply
Software is a general term for the various kinds of programs used to operate computers and related devices...
amjad
what is ergonomics.
amjad
er·go·nom·ics ˌərɡəˈnämiks/ noun the study of people's efficiency in their working environment
Louis
what is software integration?how can you integrate two different softwares with one single module?
strings Reply
Either type casting or template rogramming through STL
Louis
use c++
Louis
what is the STL?
abdo
STANDARD TEMPLATE LIBRARY
Louis
thanks louis
abdo
your welcome my friend
Louis
I have another question guy's.What's the HTML?
Zuheyp Reply
An HTML is  a standardized system for tagging text files to achieve font, colour, graphic, and hyperlink effects on World Wide Web pages.
Hemant
it is also a computer language devised to allow website creation
Hemant
you're clever Man
Zuheyp
i have a c++ question
Louis
C++ is a general-purpose, case-sensitive, free-form programming language that supports procedural, object-oriented, and generic programming. C++ is regarded as a middle-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features. C++ was deve
Zuheyp
what's the relationship Design Define Debug Development Development
Zuheyp Reply
sorry question is confusing
Louis
ok
Zuheyp
Define attached Design attached Development attached Debug attached Deployment attached Define
Zuheyp
Attach and deploy components to environments instead of directly to an Atom. Components can be attached and deployed to different environments with unique build versions and can include different deploy-time settings.
Hemant
is it same?
Zuheyp
and debug:If your app is already running on your device, you can start debugging without restarting 
Hemant
yeah that's cool
Zuheyp
Am mean that's right
Zuheyp
and select the debug target
Hemant
What is C language?
Bashir Reply
short note on software engineering
prachi Reply
am interested
marvellous
Explain human computer interaction
amjad
AI
Louis
Human computer interaction is the study of how people interact with computers and to what extent computers are or are not developed for successful interaction with human beings. 
Hemant
human needs for the computer[stated]
Louis
AI=Artificial Intelligence
Louis
all explained abstractingly
Louis
Please give me a Standard definition of the word *software*
marvellous
collection of program is called software
Hemant
what is sowftware?
rana Reply
please correct the spellings of software
majid
kk
Amissah
soft ware is the Application of principles used in field of engineering
Zuheyp
how do you compare c++ concepts with unity and directx pipeline
Louis
software is a collection of program.
Hemant
software engineering eligiblelity criteria for DAE civil students?
Engr Reply
what is software?
Abdullahi Reply
software means instructions or data that enable computers to work
majid
hi
Abdullahi
majid
Abdullahi
yes abdullahi
majid
how you
Abdullahi
i want to be software engineer ing
Abdullahi
I am fine
majid
software is a collection of program
Hemant
I want to learn software engineering what should I do
Emmanuel
googles your best friend, amazon books, barnes and noble etc..
Louis
software is the set of computer programs executing on computer ; they're made of instructions know as Algorithm. an Algorithm is a sequence of instructions designed to solve a particular problem. Software is all virtual parts of the computer ; computer programs. Software must be well designed.
Manuel
Emmanuel Adebayor. you need to investigate what university has a good level at teaching, this is the most important thing at University to become one the best professional software engineer on earth. You can either get information from public universities or consulting in particular Univesities
Manuel
I'm a software engineer student and I can tell you , you can learn a lot of interesting things about the career, I'm sure you won't regret it.
Manuel
What is design pattern in software engineering? Explain briefly...
amjad
thanks to allow
Hemant
what are the good books to read as a beginner of software engineer.
ben
hi everyone, I'm so happy that I found myself in the mist of knowledgeable people right here, I know that by following this conversation, and by putting it into practice I will an expert in software engineering
Ogunrinde
hi! how to start making a software?
Jerry
can i get more information about data structured centered design
Samir Reply
what is best course to get job
Eswar Reply
engineering
Abdullahi
Why do most computer sciences emphasize the technical foundations of software development?
Profneil Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Software engineering. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10790/1.1
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