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Short answer

Test Elisabeth Kübler-Ross’s five stages of grief. Think of someone or something you have lost. You might consider the loss of a relationship, possession, or aspect of your self-identity. For example, perhaps you dissolved a childhood friendship, sold your car, or got a bad haircut. For even a small loss, did you experience all five stages of grief? If so, how did the expression of each stage manifest? Did the process happen slowly or rapidly? Did the stages occur out of order? Did you reach acceptance? Try to recall the experience and analyze your own response to loss. Does your experience facilitate your empathizing with the elderly?

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What do you think it will be like to be ten, twenty, and fifty years older than you are now? What facts are your assumptions based on? Are any of your assumptions about getting older false? What kind of sociological study could you establish to test your assumptions?

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What is your relationship to aging and to time? Look back on your own life. How much and in what ways did you change in ten years and in twenty years? Does a decade seem like a long time or a short time in a life span? Now apply some of your ideas to the idea of aging. Do you think older people share similar experiences as they age?

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Further research

Read the article “A Study of Sexuality and Health among Older Adults in the United States.” You will find it online at the New England Journal of Medicine : (External Link)

References

Administration on Aging. 2011. “A Profile of Older Americans 2010.” Retrieved January 29, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Bazzini, D.G., and W.D. Mclntosh. 1997. "The Aging Women in Popular Film: Underrepresented, Unattractive, Unfriendly, and Unintelligent." Sex Roles 36:531–43.

Bryant, Ed. 2004. “Male and Female Sexual Dysfunction.” Voice of the Diabetic 19(1). Retrieved January 29, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Clarfield, A. Mark. 1990. “Dr. Ignatz Nascher and the Birth of Geriatrics.” Canadian Medical Association Journal 143(9):944–945, 948.

Cole, Thomas R. 1993. The Journey of Life: a Cultural History of Aging in America . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crimmins, Eileen. 2004. “Trends in the Health of the Elderly.” Annual Review of Public Health 25:79–98.

Davidson, Kate. 2002. “Gender Differences in New Partnership Choices and Constraints for Older Widows and Widowers.” Ageing International 27: 43–60.

Drummond, Murray. 1998. “Sports, Aging Men, and Constructions of Masculinity.” Generations 32:32–35.

Erikson, Erik H. 1963 [1950]. Childhood and Society . New York: Norton.

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K.I., H.J. Kim, C.A. Emlet, A. Muraco, E.A. Erosheva, C.P. Hoy-Ellis, J. Goldsen, and H. Petry. 2011. The Aging and Health Report: Disparities and Resilience among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Adults . Seattle, WA: Institute for Multigenerational Health. Retrieved January 29, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Grant, Jaime M. 2009. “Outing Age 2010: Public Policy Issues Affecting Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Elders.” National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute. Washington, DC. Retrieved January 29, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Hagestad, Gunhild, and Peter Uhlenberg. 2006. “Should We Be Concerned about Age Segregation?” Research on Aging 28:638–653.

Harold and Maude . N.d. Retrieved February 1, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Hillman, Jennifer. 2011. “A Call for an Integrated Biopsychosocial Model to Address Fundamental Disconnects in an Emergent Field: An Introduction to the Special Issue on 'Sexuality and Aging'.” Aging International 36:303–312.

Hospice Foundation of America. 2012a. “Welcome.” Retrieved February 13, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Hospice Foundation of America. 2012b. “What Is Hospice?” Retrieved January 29, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Jenkins D., C. Walker, H. Cohen, and L. Curry. 2010. “A Lesbian Older Adult Managing Identity Disclosure: A Case Study.” Journal of Gerontological Social Work 53:402–420.

Lindau, Stacy Tessler, M.D., L. Philip Schumm, Edward O. Laumann, Wendy Levinson, Colm A. O'Muircheartaigh, and Linda J. Waite. 2007. “A Study of Sexuality and Health among Older Adults in the United States.” New England Journal of Medicine 357:762–774.

Lloyd, Liz, Kate White, and Eileen Sutton. 2011. “Researching the End-of-Life in Old Age: Cultural, Ethical and Methodological Issues.” Aging&Society 31:386–407.

Marshall, B., and S. Katz. 2002. “Forever Functional: Sexual Fitness and the Aging Male Body.” Body and Society 8:43–70.

MetLife Mature Market Institute. 2010. “Still Out, Still Aging: The Met Life Study of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Baby Boomers.” Retrieved January 29, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Munch, S. 2004. "Gender-Biased Diagnosing of Women's Medical Complaints: Contributions of Feminist Thought, 1970-1995." Women&Health 40:101–121.

Munnell, Alice. 2011. “What Is the Average Retirement Age?” Center for Retirement Research . Retrieved January 29, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

National Senior Citizens Law Center. 2011. “LGTB Older Adults in Long-Term Care Facilities: Stories from the Field.” Retrieved January 30, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Packer, Dominic and Alison Chasteen. 2006. “Looking Towards the Future: How Possible Aged Selves Influence Prejudice Towards Older Adults.” Social Cognition 24:218–247.

Parker, Marti and Thorslund Mats. 2007. “Health Trends in the Elderly Population: Getting Better and Getting Worse.” The Gerontologist 47:150–158.

Pleis, J.R., J.W. Lucas, and B.W. Wared. 2009. “Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2008.” Data from the National Health Survey, Series 10. No. 242.

Riley, Matilda White. 1978. "Aging, Social Change, and the Power of Ideas." Daedalus 107:39–52.

Sharpe, P.A. 1995. "Older Women and Health Services: Moving from Ageism Toward Empowerment." Women&Health 22:9–23.

Spector-Mersel, Gabriela. 2006. “Never-Aging Stories: Western Hegemonic Masculinity Scripts.” Journal of Gender Studies 15:67–82.

Whitbourne, Susan and Stacey Whitbourne. 2010. Adult Development and Aging: Biopsychosocial Perspectives . 4th ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Questions & Answers

Sociology is it necessary for us?
Dischan Reply
Because it's that subject which cover the all elements which have in society
Akak
considering the concentric zone model of urbanization, what type of zone is kigston Jamaica?
Sandra Reply
assess the role of mass media in the process of formal socialisation
Namwanje Reply
what is suicide according to Durkheim
Batch Reply
Durkheim was divided the suicide in three types that is egoistic, altruistic, isolated, according him suicide is depend upon individual to individual,some may in positive some may in negative
Akak
what is factor for contributed sociology
Abdul Reply
No it should "What are the factors that led to the emengence of Sociology" Basically, there are three factors that give birth to Sociology namely 1. Industrial Revolution 2.French/Political Revolution and finally 3. Enlightenment.
Muhammad
as the whole world be a sociaty
Amjad Reply
what are social facts according to Durkheim
Batch Reply
social facts are the facts which provides constrains on individual and are external to individual
Gh
Durkheim said actually society has already created these facts I.e why these are external to individual ....these are not generated by individual himself....
Gh
Social fact is a theory created by sociologist Emile Durkheim to describe how values, culture and norms control the actions and beliefs of individuals and society as a whole.
manisha
Social facts are the reason why people within a society seem to do the same basic things, such as where they live, what they eat, and how they interact. The society they belong to shapes them to do these things, continuing social facts.
manisha
Durkheim used many examples to demonstrate his theory of social facts, including:  Marriage: Social groups tend to have the same ideas towards marriage, such as the appropriate age to get married and what a ceremony should look like. 
manisha
Language: People living in the same area tend to speak the same language. In fact, they can develop and pass on their own dialect and idioms. Years later, those norms can identify someone as being part of a particular region. 
manisha
Religion: Social facts shape how we view religion. Different areas have different religious strongholds, with faith being a regular part of life, and other religions are considered foreign and strange. 
manisha
thanks 😃
Batch
Social Facts and Religion One of the areas Durkheim explored thoroughly was religion. He looked at the social facts of suicide rates in Protestant and Catholic communities. Catholic communities view suicide as one of the worst sins, and as such, have much lower suicide rates than Protestants.
manisha
Social Fact and Control Social fact is a technique of control. Societal norms shape our attitudes, beliefs and actions. They inform what we do every day, from who we befriend to how we work. 
manisha
Social fact is what makes us react strongly to people who deviate from social attitudes. For example, people in other countries who have no established home, and instead wander from place to place and take odd jobs. Western societies tend to be view these people as odd and strange based on our socia
manisha
thanks to you I got to learn the concept
manisha
What is a social fact in one culture can be abhorrently strange in another; by keeping in mind how society influences your beliefs, you can temper your reactions to what is different.
manisha
why he said that social facts should be regarded as things ?
Batch
I don't know.. it just his point of view.. :)
manisha
can someone explain norms...
faisal
check George Ritzer for social fact He has written sociological theory where he has mentioned two types of social facts also
Gh
norms?
faisal
norms are shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations.
manisha
an accepted standard, or a way of behaving or doing things that most people agree with
Gh
types of Norma are folkways mores and laws
manisha
an accepted standard, or a way of behaving or doing things that most people agree with
Gh
difference then between norms and folkways
Gh
rituals also
manisha
thanks dear
faisal
norms are considered as rules and expectations set by particular society that serves as guides to the behaviour of its members.
manisha
it is reinforced by sanctions in the forms of rewards and punishments.
manisha
ok what does it mean that he considered social facts as things
Batch
would u like to explain briefly folkways....
faisal
i started sociology nowadys..i got admin in eng..but in course we hv sociology also...so i don,t know knowlege about sociology....hope u r converstion help me alot...
faisal
folkways are norms that describe socially acceptable behaviour but don't have moral significance attached to them.
manisha
folkways are behavioural patterns that is repetitive and organise.
manisha
folkways arise during social interaction and are passed on from one generation to next.
manisha
For example, one who does not brush his teeth regularly, take bath daily, and wash his clothes regularly and properly, is not going to be punished by law. But such an individual is put to gossip and ridicule. One can neglect and violate one or a few of it but no sane person can neglect and violate
manisha
rituals are highly scripted ceremonies of interaction which follows a sequence of actions. e.g. baptism, holidays, yagya.
manisha
how Division of labour cause solidarity in society?..
Gh
According Durkheim, in modern societies the division of labor is the principal source of social cohesion or social solidarity. He distinguished two types of solidarity – mechanical and organic.
manisha
In primitive societies lack of or a slight division of labour leads to ‘mechanical solidarity’ based on mental and moral homogeneity of individuals. When division of labour becomes great it leads to specialisation of labour and the disappearance of mental and moral homogeneity of individuals. This
manisha
This gives rise to ‘organic solidarity’
manisha
Social Consequences of Division of Labour: No modern society can work without the division of labour. It is an inevitable feature of the modern industrial system. The following are the merits of the division of labour.
manisha
While analysing the social functions of division of labour, Durkheim sought to show that in modern societies the division of labour is the principal source of social cohesion or solidarity. He visualised the modern society as the society of organic solidarity.
manisha
Division of labour involves diversification of roles and thereby an opportunity of life style is offered. It ensures growth of individuality and individual potential. It negates the necessity of a repressive law, since it strengthens solidarity and collectivity
manisha
its like when we work on group project of college and we divide work to our members according to efficiency then we work better focus on our self work without any nagging or blaming thus it increases solidarity unity in us. same applies in industrial work
manisha
thankou manisha
Gh
Members of the society develop a strong sense of interdependence. By fostering regular contacts between labour and capital, the danger of economic and social disintegration can be stalled. Division of labour has necessitated extensive training of the workers and thus, get right type of job.
manisha
It promises full career opportunities to the worker. The division of labour, in modern capitalist society, has increased man’s productive efficiency and as a result, society is capable to make more goods and provide more leisure to individuals.
manisha
***yourarticlelibrary.com/sociology/social-consequences-of-division-of-labour-sociology/8549
manisha
is it sociology limited to only society?
faisal
no in modern sence Sociology has many branches ... for e.g sociology of medicine, even recent new subject Sociology of facebook.....
Gh
no there are different branches of sociology ...I.e sociology of medicine,sociology of facebook emerges as new subject..
Gh
Sociology is voice of people .commet?
Gh
Facebook – How Sociology Can Make This Meaningful. ...Facebook's study has an extraordinary sample of 'active users' representing one tenth of the world's population The term active user is defined by Johan Ugander and colleagues in one of the aforementioned academic papers.Dec 1, 2011
Gh
ooh
edu
what is difference between westernization and modernization
Gh
Sociology of Facebook? Hahahaha Facebook as a social media or Facebook akin to Students to focus much attention to their book or what?
Muhammad
no really it is recent research in sociology I.e faceboij
Gh
Facebook – How Sociology Can Make This Meaningful. ...Facebook's study has an extraordinary sample of 'active users' representing one tenth of the world's population The term active user is defined by Johan Ugander and colleagues in one of the aforementioned academic papers.
Gh
Durkheim says crime is good for society.. commet?
Gh
because it stabilise solidarity and balance ... if we do not experience bad how can we appreciate good.
Back
Do you have any write up related to that?
Muhammad
Yes crime is good in a society because its teaches moral lesson, we learn from what happens to others.
BALA
what is imperialism?
shahnam Reply
is this question of sociology
Akak
yes.this is a factor of sociology
shahnam
yes a topic of political sociology
Sadiq
Imperialism is a the use of power to take over other states and exploit their resources. It is the rulling over or controlling other countries by use of power.
Sadiq
Imperialism is simply a manifestation of the balance of power and is the process by which nations try to achieve a favorable change in the status quo. The purpose of imperialismis to decrease the strategic and political vulnerability of a nation.
Gh
It is a struggle for building an empire for controĺling the land, politics, economics and cultur of other countries without the content of other nations.
Sadiq
thanks
shahnam
what is the main and first factor of sociology?
shahnam Reply
environment biological cultural ideological economic political factors
koko
the founders of sociology
Said Reply
aguste comte
shahnam
How true is it that the extended family system is a bane on Ghana socio economic development
Dubong Reply
thanks
Said
but no info
Said
I don,t really know
Ambe
how groop are deffine in sociology
Syed Reply
is this group...... or something else
Gh
if group:- then it is defined as In sociology, a number of people who identify and interact with one another. 
Gh
Can anyone suggest some basic books for sociology.. With proper understanding content?
Akriti Reply
basic book of C.N Shankar Rao I.e basic principles of Sociology.....
Gh
N book's name?
Akriti
Some other books?
Akriti
Ram Ahuja book Indian social system
Gh
S.C .Dubey book evloution of Indian society
Gh
Okay thanks 👍
Akriti
okkk
Gh
welcome
Gh
all of u are making sense, but we to bring more contributions to this reading
steve
George Ritzer :- sociological theory.
Gh
what is groop in sociology
Syed
Plz explain perspectives of sociology.....!
Hira
Ok
Hira
there r 3 perspective 1.structural functionalism 2. conflict 3 symbolic interactionalism
manisha
pls don't ask old question ask some new critical questions....
Abshar
all answers are infact available on Google ask the concept which you don't understand rather than putting directly the question from your question paper. may be more helpful to you. I simply answer which i really know the meaning.
manisha
Manish I am the student of Bs cevil engineering my schedule is very busy and I am very interested in socialogy I want to knowledge about socialogy that's why I can ask u a question when I study some thing about sociology so we have creat many question on my mind
Abshar
ok all the best for study
manisha
are u a student of socialogy?
Abshar
yes that's y m here...doing ma in sociology Dec exam
manisha
1st year
manisha
what is social fact? what is material social fact and non material social fact?
Gh
what is legal and illegal power
manisha
people in positions of power determine what is legal and illegal
Gh
nice
manisha
if people is in power and he/she use it in that way which would be better for society is may termed as legal if he/she uses it in wrong way he /she may cause harm to society .... and may be termed as illegal power..............
Gh
thanks (manisha)....
Gh
maisha if u r willing please tell me what is social facts? what are material social facts and non material social facts?
Gh
Social fact is a theory created by sociologist Emile Durkheim to describe how values, culture, and norms control the actions and beliefs of individuals and society as a whole.
Hira
how social facts control the actions and belief of individuals....
Gh
as well as society
Gh
what is difference between sacred and profane
Gh
***yourarticlelibrary.com/sociology/rules-of-sociological-methods-according-to-durkheim/43740
manisha
what is this Manisha
Gh
doctor Anwar write abook name (principle of sociology)
shahnam
written by C.n. Shankar Rao
Gh
sacred means holy whereas profane means practice of filthy work
Akak
The sacred refers to things human beings set apart; including religious beliefs, rites, deities or anything socially defined as requiring special religious treatment. Profane is just the opposite of Sacred, which is not sacred that is called profane.
manisha
According to Durkheim, Religion is a division of the world into two kinds of phenomena. 1. The Sacred 2. The Profane
manisha
kool
Kashmiri
thanks everybody for comment
Gh
yourarticlelibrary.com/sociology/rules-of-sociological-methods-according-to-durkheim/43740 that's link for your answer social fact
manisha
its ok ..n was just only copy paste :)
manisha
Manisha mm u r d only woman in this group but ur strength is very much inspiring me....Thank you so much...lift on and on.....
Akak
manisha
salman
Thanks for good vibes.. all the best to all..
manisha
What are the type of sociology?
Alfred
can anybody suggest me any best sociology book for post graduation ?
Back
Salam
Said
hi
Said
how are you doing today
Said
is there anybody here
Said
Gh Hassan! Are you a Ghanaian? If "YES", I am too!
Freedom
No! I'm not.
Alfred
Hi friend I'm new here. from Liberia. Can any one tell me social symbols and their impact on social interaction.
Alfred
No
Alade
Hy everyone I'm new here, like what you guys are doing here
Norman
hi pals I'm new here,do we do assignments here
Rose
how Division Of Labour according to Emile Durkheim brings solidarity in society?.....
Gh
can any one give some link on sociology notes of paper 2
Anuradha
no idea mm
Akak
because division of labour is the method of concession between individual and family
Akak
because division of labour is the method of concession between individual and family and society
Akak
what is Fordism ?
Gh Reply
contemporary society
Vijay Reply
A contemporary society is defined as a setting characterized by technological. innovation and increasing human interconnection and globalization. It brings about. changes such as increased life expectancy, literacy and gender equality, bringing a natural. equilibrium.
Gh

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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