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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Quiz PDF eBook: 
Respiratory System Drugs
Download Respiratory System Quiz PDF eBook
21 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Respiratory System Drugs Quiz

Question: What is the active ingredient in Robitussin DM

Choices:

Cherry Coke

dextromethorphan

benzocaine

guaifenesin

Question: What's the generic for Zyrtec?

Choices:

cetirizine

fexofenadine

Loratadin

diphenhydramine

Question: What are 3 brand names for Short Acting Beta Agonists used to treat Asthma?

Choices:

Albuterol, salmeterol, formoteral

Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA, ProAir HFA

Spirivia, Zyrtec, Claritin

Atarax, Vistaril, Symbicort

Question: What's the brand name for fexofenadine?

Choices:

Symbicort

Zyrtec

Claritin

Allegra

Question: What antihistamines are used for sleep aids

Choices:

Vistaril, Atarax

fexofenadine

Claritin

Nasonex

Question: Which of these is an antitussive?

Choices:

Delsym

guaifenesin

mucinex

Robitussin

Question: What is the generic name for Singulair, the Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist?

Choices:

fluticasone

cetirizine

montelukast

albuterol

Question: What is the Brand name for the generic, montelukast?

Choices:

Flonase

Singulair

Symbicort

Advair Diskus

Question: Loratadin is the generic name for what brand antihistamine that has less of a drowsy effect?

Choices:

Allegra

Benedry

Zyrtec

Claritin

Question: Name 2 Long-Acting antihistimines and their generic names?

Choices:

Zyrtec, cetirizine and Allegra, fexofenadine

Benedryl, diphenhydramine and Claritin, loratadin

Advair Diskus, fluticasone, and Singulair, montelukast

Proventil HFA, albuterol sulfate and Ventolin, albuterol sulfate

Question: Name an anti-cholinergic used to treat COPD, brand and generic names

Choices:

Benedryl, diphenhydramine

Symbicort, budenoside

Spirivia Handi-Haler, tiotropium

Flovent HFA, fluticasone

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