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After the first few months of life, babies enter what is known as the babbling stage, during which time they tend to produce single syllables that are repeated over and over. As time passes, more variations appear in the syllables that they produce. During this time, it is unlikely that the babies are trying to communicate; they are just as likely to babble when they are alone as when they are with their caregivers (Fernández&Cairns, 2011). Interestingly, babies who are raised in environments in which sign language is used will also begin to show babbling in the gestures of their hands during this stage (Petitto, Holowka, Sergio, Levy,&Ostry, 2004).

Generally, a child’s first word is uttered sometime between the ages of 1 year to 18 months, and for the next few months, the child will remain in the “one word” stage of language development. During this time, children know a number of words, but they only produce one-word utterances. The child’s early vocabulary is limited to familiar objects or events, often nouns. Although children in this stage only make one-word utterances, these words often carry larger meaning (Fernández&Cairns, 2011). So, for example, a child saying “cookie” could be identifying a cookie or asking for a cookie.

As a child’s lexicon grows, she begins to utter simple sentences and to acquire new vocabulary at a very rapid pace. In addition, children begin to demonstrate a clear understanding of the specific rules that apply to their language(s). Even the mistakes that children sometimes make provide evidence of just how much they understand about those rules. This is sometimes seen in the form of overgeneralization    . In this context, overgeneralization refers to an extension of a language rule to an exception to the rule. For example, in English, it is usually the case that an “s” is added to the end of a word to indicate plurality. For example, we speak of one dog versus two dogs. Young children will overgeneralize this rule to cases that are exceptions to the “add an s to the end of the word” rule and say things like “those two gooses” or “three mouses.” Clearly, the rules of the language are understood, even if the exceptions to the rules are still being learned (Moskowitz, 1978).

Language and thought

When we speak one language, we agree that words are representations of ideas, people, places, and events. The given language that children learn is connected to their culture and surroundings. But can words themselves shape the way we think about things? Psychologists have long investigated the question of whether language shapes thoughts and actions, or whether our thoughts and beliefs shape our language. Two researchers, Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf, began this investigation in the 1940s. They wanted to understand how the language habits of a community encourage members of that community to interpret language in a particular manner (Sapir, 1941/1964). Sapir and Whorf proposed that language determines thought, suggesting, for example, that a person whose community language did not have past-tense verbs would be challenged to think about the past (Whorf, 1956). Researchers have since identified this view as too absolute, pointing out a lack of empiricism behind what Sapir and Whorf proposed (Abler, 2013; Boroditsky, 2011; van Troyer, 1994). Today, psychologists continue to study and debate the relationship between language and thought.

The meaning of language

Think about what you know of other languages; perhaps you even speak multiple languages. Imagine for a moment that your closest friend fluently speaks more than one language. Do you think that friend thinks differently, depending on which language is being spoken? You may know a few words that are not translatable from their original language into English. For example, the Portuguese word saudade originated during the 15th century, when Portuguese sailors left home to explore the seas and travel to Africa or Asia. Those left behind described the emptiness and fondness they felt as saudade ( [link] ) . The word came to express many meanings, including loss, nostalgia, yearning, warm memories, and hope. There is no single word in English that includes all of those emotions in a single description. Do words such as saudade indicate that different languages produce different patterns of thought in people? What do you think??

Photograph A shows a painting of a person leaning against a ledge, slumped sideways over a box. Photograph B shows a painting of a person reading by a window.
These two works of art depict saudade . (a) Saudade de Nápoles , which is translated into “missing Naples,” was painted by Bertha Worms in 1895. (b) Almeida Júnior painted Saudade in 1899.

Language may indeed influence the way that we think, an idea known as linguistic determinism. One recent demonstration of this phenomenon involved differences in the way that English and Mandarin Chinese speakers talk and think about time. English speakers tend to talk about time using terms that describe changes along a horizontal dimension, for example, saying something like “I’m running behind schedule” or “Don’t get ahead of yourself.” While Mandarin Chinese speakers also describe time in horizontal terms, it is not uncommon to also use terms associated with a vertical arrangement. For example, the past might be described as being “up” and the future as being “down.” It turns out that these differences in language translate into differences in performance on cognitive tests designed to measure how quickly an individual can recognize temporal relationships. Specifically, when given a series of tasks with vertical priming, Mandarin Chinese speakers were faster at recognizing temporal relationships between months. Indeed, Boroditsky (2001) sees these results as suggesting that “habits in language encourage habits in thought” (p. 12).

One group of researchers who wanted to investigate how language influences thought compared how English speakers and the Dani people of Papua New Guinea think and speak about color. The Dani have two words for color: one word for light and one word for dark . In contrast, the English language has 11 color words. Researchers hypothesized that the number of color terms could limit the ways that the Dani people conceptualized color. However, the Dani were able to distinguish colors with the same ability as English speakers, despite having fewer words at their disposal (Berlin&Kay, 1969). A recent review of research aimed at determining how language might affect something like color perception suggests that language can influence perceptual phenomena, especially in the left hemisphere of the brain. You may recall from earlier chapters that the left hemisphere is associated with language for most people. However, the right (less linguistic hemisphere) of the brain is less affected by linguistic influences on perception (Regier&Kay, 2009)

Summary

Language is a communication system that has both a lexicon and a system of grammar. Language acquisition occurs naturally and effortlessly during the early stages of life, and this acquisition occurs in a predictable sequence for individuals around the world. Language has a strong influence on thought, and the concept of how language may influence cognition remains an area of study and debate in psychology.

Personal application question

Can you think of examples of how language affects cognition?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

actually one of my frnd is dwelling very depressed and guilty for the mistake he done...how to make him overcome of such depression and guilty feel...
Mythili Reply
The last discussion abt same sex relationship reached maximum no. of conversation..... so I'm writing here.
Prasuta Reply
What are the consequences for someone of lgbt?
Tara
no... I haven't heard about any such things. @Tara Gutkin
Prasuta
consequences are.... society rejects.. family rejects... friendship & many other relations are lost
Prasuta
consequences are also between you and the other person.. it's either be proud or hide.. to stay or not.. base on the consequences that are on the line.. and how much these things put together.. it's their decision.. (you know, either be affected or not)
Princeed
oops sorry, I misread.. I thought it's "same sex relationship".. but hope you got the point
Princeed
yes.. u read right.. it's "same sex relationship" only.
Prasuta
what is the diferwnce between the to have a sex with someone else where you can get the sex about with is that effect with the relationship with your friend or other?
Asali
please guys i need help what is goning on i need to learn more aboutur conversation.
Asali
man..tbh, it took me minutes to understand your point.. I dun really know much about that topic but if ur gonna ask my opinion.. did u know the hook up culture?, I think that's similar to what ur talkin abt, well although to sex with FRIEND is like to have agreement w/ them.. but to other,.. casual?
Princeed
the conversation started in another conversation box.. and as that is overloaded so.. we are here to continue with it. @Adam.
Prasuta
In your country, your culture, how would you be penalized or possibly harmed for openly expressing your relationship/love for the same gender?
Tara
""consequences are.... society rejects.. family rejects... friendship & many other relations are lost""-- didnt see this. Is staying hidden for the rest of your life, something you would be okay with?
Tara
i have a highly functioning anxiety... i don't know how to overcome it now. it won't let me sleep and my heart is pounding hard.
janneth Reply
Hi...I used to have panic attacks a work I can tell you what has helped for me in reversing my anxiety
Asia
yeah sure. i loved that. :<
janneth
believe it or not...Breathing and Meditation helped me...no medication...When you breath deeply it sends messages to your brain that everything is okay therefore your thoughts will align ..I researched proper breathing that helped tremendously
Asia
I'll try that right now. 😭 Thank you very much. You are appreciated.
janneth
anxiety can occur from overthinking and/ or sensory over stimulation..therefore meditation can allow you to free your thoughts without over thinking and judgement ...while providing peace of mind I still practice this daily when I wake up or before bed and really helps me
Asia
you can research breathing first....(the ted talk videos helped me) then meditation as they work hand and hand..hope this helps❤
Asia
physically smiling helps in the same way as breathing
juan
Hi...I am a junior in college for psychology..however in 100% honesty I lack basic knowledge in other areas ..are there any practical Specific recommendations for just General Knowledge
Asia Reply
what
Ylal
im asking for specific recommendations for general knowledge
Asia
i Am really really depressed. please help me!!
Lanery Reply
hlo
Tejinder
hey
janneth
Hi Lanery, I understand what you are going through and it is not an easy process
Asia
i feel u but u should go to therapist that would help better
imen
hey hey... just cheer up guys... what is the cause of your depression Lanery..
sunny
since depression is a psychologicial state..My suggestion would be very basic elements of self care as a first step.Proper rest preferably 8 hours, Eating healthy and exercise... little by little these elements contribute to a healthy mind
Asia
I can relate to depression and this is the major element in what got me through it...From a psychological standpoint the mind takes in elements of self care as self love ...this is when the thoughts process of self love will soon follow and create a cycle of positive thoughts into positive behaviors
Asia
and vice versa
Asia
hi I havw no problems write but have a severe difficulty in articulating my thoughts through speech? what could this be and what can I do about it?
Asia Reply
i had this proplem too but i was trying to read lowdly and that helped me i hope it would help u too
imen
I see
Asia
I have a speech problem though
Asia
you mean you would read outloud ?
Asia
Meditation, journaling means write down ur thoughts n feelings in dairy, reading loudly as suggested.. N give a break before speaking so tht u can think before.. N speak comfortably not instantly like on slow note!!
Lakshika
yes that's it i read newspaper or books outlowd nd that gave the courage to pronounce very well beside i correct my mistakes
imen
hi I have a question
Asia Reply
of course go ahead
imen
Im fine with writing but have a severe difficulty in articulating throughts verbally...what can this be and what can I do about it?
Asia
ya me too facing same problem ,I get great thoughts but while writing I can't express them as I thought
Rajesh
oh yeah? I wonder what that it is ?...for me its an issue with speaking...but maybe that have a psychological connection between the two
Asia
when did psychology start?
Charlie Reply
2008
Joe
sorry to interupt. i'd like to ask, what do we call this app we're using? i don't have any idea it just pops up on may notification
janneth
psychology
Richard
to my knowledge
Richard
so is it the same app we're using to study some psychological terms? like it comes out with a sort of a messaging thing?
janneth
hello
shaima
how could i better my future in psychology?
shaima
it's an app with some psychology content along with chat facility to share and discuss ideas and doubts.
sunny
1859 wilhelim wundt
Tejinder
Shaima... you can do it just by learning only..
sunny
I see. How do we come to the chat facility of this app? Where can we find it?
janneth
you will find one block space..at the end of each topic.. 1st you should read one topic and then you can ask questions at end where they have given some space..then people will get pop-up of your question, they will share their answer or view.
sunny
i see. thank you so much! :) sorry for the inconvenience i might have caused.
janneth
Not at all... you made some of my time a bit productive... My pleasure
sunny
Aw. thanks again.
janneth
haha...:-) that's fine. Are you a psychology student ?
sunny
yes. i am a freshman psych student. :)
janneth
can i ask somth?
imen
yea sure
janneth
im English dtudent and i have pschology modulei have problem of realizing how to revize it even though i love psychology
imen
could u give some instructions that would help me to get a good mark
imen
just as much as i want to help you, i'm afraid to say that i don't know yet how am i suppose to respond here (my thoughts maybe wrong so yeah). Maybe some of fellas here could help you. I wish you goodluck!
janneth
thank you i apreciate that
imen
hello plz some one help me with note on need theory...
Abhay Reply
I have a friend whose so close to me we attend the same university but on knowing to me she meets my friends and talk bad about me. sometime she says she prefers others to me. with this kind of behaviour how should I relate with her
kalu Reply
Everyone you call Friend are not..it's something about you she's jealous of..to be clear "something" doesn't mean always mean things...could be the the way your 👪/ Friends love you..your Intelligence, the way you smile, etc.She is Not your friend, she's an" associate" so treat her as such..
Monroe
i have a big dream about my future . but ,my laziness is not permit me to realize them. iam a university under graduate 1st year student. but my hand writing is very bad. i train to improve it from more institution and my self. this my laziness and bad hand writing is a barrier in front of my dream.
shaima Reply
hi am also under gradute 1st year student i am too having lazyness but controlling slowly from 8months my answer to your question is write a note on your why u your getting lazyness and what thoughts u got when ur lazy and write your dream or goal in your room where u can see every time
hari
i follow this one
hari
but one thing when you have big dream or big goal and you have confidence then you will find a way not a excuse think about it, soultion will be in your mind
hari
Being lazy!! It is not this attribute which falling u back. For eg. It is not the alarm which wakes u up.. It is ur responsibilities!!! The day when u accept ur responsibility toward ur passions n dreams, you'll eventually see laziness as a setback n overcome it unknowingly !!!
Lakshika
but my hand writing?
shaima
how i built a better future with confidence etc.
shaima
im a writer and alot of my inspiration comes from soceity and its self can u give me some pointers because ive found my gift
Toni
and i study psychology to widen my views
Toni
thank you hari and lakshika
shaima
iam more train to improve my hand writing in many institutions and my self . but it is very bad always . hand writing is very important role in university examination . because of this i get less mark . so , it is barrier in front of my mark scoring. so could you please help me to improve my
shaima
hand writing
shaima
ok toni
shaima
first, ask yourself if you Really wanna change and.. WHY if so.. start with the mindset that you can do anything and everything..or at least you CAN do it.. then start by making things that makes you go out of your comfort zone (low intensity at first then gradually increase).. remember:your mind
Princeed
but iam more and more try
shaima
in many institutions and myself many years
shaima
remember: your mind(is not always your best friend) is protecting you from possible harms and so it wants you to be comfortable.. and that also connects to why we don't want change especially drastic change in such a small amount of time. my point is..since you've already tried some methods and..
Princeed
and none of it seems to work.. then start with a different mindset, take your time, as they say,"life's not a sprint but a marathon".. do things with your genuine attention and focus, do one aspect of it one at a time and listen or read about different motivators and inspirations.. and lastly, it's
Princeed
and lastly, it's important to know that your surroundings or environment can affect you, REALLY. "if you want something,you gotta make effort for it" -me P.s. sorry for my comment's length.. and remember... YOU ARE AWESOME
Princeed
it is not problem
shaima
thank you for your more valuable advices
shaima
i hope you teach me more valuable points that help in my life
shaima
thank you princeed
shaima
yeah, you're welcome
Princeed
why people suddenly bust into tears in nights or middle of the night?
N. Reply
did they laugh uncontrollably to?
Richard
how long have they been doing this?
Richard
Well people are more sensitive after dark, if they burst that means that what they gather (sentiments, ideas, feelings, etc...) are way to much for them and they need a realise... crying products endorphine that make you feel better...
Dani
people are more sensitive after dark? Who told you that?
Richard
is the relaxation Of The body that gets redy for sleep, you are been more relaxed
Dani
yeah ok!
Richard
Can one truly stop loving the person whom they are emotionally attached to?
Jaleesa Reply
listen to td Jakes emotionally abandoned on YouTube
Alexsus
How can someone be the best version of themself?
Fatmata Reply
Best for themselves doesn't guarantee best for other people, so just try be who we are and what best we consider to ourselves to do regardless what other people will say about it.
Hindun
The Golden Rule plus The Commandments.. Wake up & just be without any limitations
Monroe
act like the person you want to be. small steps. don't be fake.
Alexsus
to thy own self be true
Richard
the projection of your truth requires the full throttle of pure and authentique bravery " fortune favors the bold"
Zackaria
be making youre self better all the time.
non
don't forget the couragous
Richard
be without limitations... my old sensi loved that frase lol
Richard
wishes he thought it first lol
Richard
First realise what you are, the real you. Start researching on 'who am I' and when you realize the real you u achieved the real knowledge and you become confident and fearless more over u won't get bored on yourself. You can make better decisions in ur career and life when you realize yourself.
Arjun
already in a career 😊
Richard
psychology
Richard
continuous learning and experiement things and gain more experience. life is all about experiments and experiences.
Arjun
if a person is in same sex relationship, is it a psychological disorder or is it just okay to be in it?
Prasuta Reply
Homosexuality is not a disorder. It is a form of sexual orientation. Being in a same sex relationship is a completely normal and healthy form of sexual expression.
Himshikha
Thanks for the answer.
Prasuta
It is not a disorder... It is a biological feature n various other patterns of relationship come into account. The one must consult to a psychologist if in trouble with her\her own appearance. It would be helping!
Lakshika
Thanks
Prasuta
just ok
Richard
👍Thanks
Prasuta
where would the psychological disorder come into play?
Richard
Richard, what do you mean?
Himshikha
In this case?
Lakshika
Its the thing that the society thinks it to be a psychological problem.. so.. most of the people discriminate & misbehave with the homosexual people.
Prasuta
yes in this case
Richard
A lot of it has to do with misinterpretation of religious teachings.
Himshikha
A lot of people believed (and still continue to believe) that someone with schizophrenia, a real and tangible mental disorder, is possessed by a spirit. It takes time for scientific research to be accepted by the common people. And now a lot of people accept that homosexuality is natural
Himshikha
unfortunately Society still has a struggle with acceptance
Richard
Society thinks that we are born to give birth to our next generation ONLY. And one's happiness is of no value to them. They try to drag and put everyone in the way they see the world.
Prasuta
Homosexuality is not a disorder..first thing.. In this case., uncertainty come into play when misterpreted self image and acts done by the person himself other than the society itself. Bodily orientation should be known n accepted completely.
Lakshika
Still in many countries it is illegal.. I don't know when will it change!
Prasuta
Sadly, that's true. Although evolutionary theorists believe that straight people who procreate should be more accepting of homosexuals since the latter cannot reproduce and hence do not pose competition for the heterosexuals. Homosexuals are also seen as more caring and family oriented.
Himshikha
The person become victimized with his\her wrong guidance n apply all relationship pattern.. That's why for self concept, one must visit psychologist. In normal cases, it is not required. Just accept oneself completely
Lakshika
It will take a lot of time for people to completely accept homosexuality but a lot of progress has already been made in the area which gives hope!
Himshikha
It is the basic nature of universe, if it snach u, it'll bestow u something else.!!! Equality rules smh
Lakshika
True!
Himshikha
hmm... But once I have searched in google. it showed the result that how two girls can reproduce without any male partner using skin cell technology.. Can anyone tell me whether it is correct information or not?
Prasuta
Skin cell? Do you mean stem cells?
Himshikha
May be.
Prasuta
hope is a powerful force
Richard
H. O. P. E Hold on, pain ends.
Martyna
👌👌
Prasuta
nice @Martina
Prasuta
I like that 😉
Richard
Why would it be a psychological disorder?
Katie
Can anyone suggest me how to cope up with such a situation, where most of the people (including family members) around will go against if anytime they come to know about it? How to fight with the society?
Prasuta
you can cope with it by not letting Society dictate what you believe or what you feel you decide
Richard
it should temporary not permanent.
Sandeep
Don't fight with anyone.!! Make peace inside n so outside... Basically.., accept urself n make an aroma at home to shw them tht homosexual one are very normal.. Like let them watch documentary on tht.. N society, nvr care abt it. Jst b urself!!!!!
Lakshika
Thanks
Prasuta
if you ever feel like you really need someone to talk to you can always call the crisis hotline 24/7
Richard
What is that? I did not get it. plz explain. @Richard
Prasuta
it's a hotline that anyone can call from everything from A to Z whether it's just needing someone to talk to or anything is there 24/7 there's nothing that you can talk about that we can't deal with
Richard
ok.. how to get in touch with that?
Prasuta
if it's not in your phone book and you can go online and look up the national crisis hotline from there it'll probably give you a location in your area to call it's a free number
Richard
if you go on the internet you can probably find them there they'll give you an 800 number to call and from there this should be a local number
Richard
ok...
Prasuta
They really can help you. I've been struggling in the last few years, and it helped.
Martyna
It'll be fine!!!! Dear.. Alwys accept n appreciate wht u r...
Lakshika
Yes...
Prasuta
not what you are..who you are 😀
Richard
yes... I hv got it. Thanks a lot
Prasuta
yes.. it should be the thing that I'm a human being and I can love anyone I want. This is what society needs to understand.
Prasuta
amen
Richard
Love and support to you, Prasuta xx
Himshikha
Thanks to all
Prasuta
I see people here they agree that it okay to have sex with a person from the same sex. Dear friends God created Adam and Eva how and the truth will stand strong forever that the same sex marriage is not allowed and it against nature. Be blessed all of you..
WILLIAM
Can your prove that there's a God and if you get to that, do let me know what he/she thinks about Two Adams or Two Eves getting together because honestly I'm dying to hear from this imaginary creature
Himshikha
a human existing, natural proof. such a complex being that creation is known. there needs to be a higher being to have created it
Braulio
Why did it take so long for this higher being to create Homo Sapiens when we know that Big Bang happened 3.5 billion years ago? What was the higher being doing in all the time in between? I suggest you to question the nature of reality and not take other people's word for it
Himshikha
don't go around raining on anyone's parade. God loves all its children, no matter who they have sex or who they decide to get married. Love is for everyone, even for people who decide to hurt others
Sofia
Don't give up on what u want @prasuta. I'm sure you will find ur place and some peace with it. don't give up so we make a world where the next generation doesn't have to worry about their sexuality like is a society problem.
Sofia
13.5 billion*
Himshikha
Sofia, it's honestly so refreshing to see people like you who do not use God to defend their own biases. Hope other people can understand that religion and acceptance of homosexuality can co- exist.
Himshikha
God, or known as Jehovah, has his own plans and has no one to report to. has no beginning and no end from when existed. could have been doing celestial or who knows what. the desire to have created could have came until when it did. when he decided to create it that was his desired time
Braulio
Seems like you're really confident about what you're talking about with your liberal use of the words "could have"
Himshikha
yes I am have strong faith in the Bible :). use the words "could have" since we do not have the full extent knowledge of his higher being thoughts or reasons
Braulio
of course, if God loves me with all my flaws, why would He/She love everyone else? why care about who am I sleeping with? I think there are more important things to focus in life. I really dislike people using God's name to preach hate. Everyone should be comfortable with who they love.
Sofia
And you have full proof of his existence? I respect your position but I can only consider your argument so long as you base them on facts and not a carefully orchestrated book.
Himshikha
because God is about Love, first and always
Sofia
Agreed, Sofia!
Himshikha
There are bigger things to worry about
Himshikha
Religion is about faith and never about facts. it will always draw out what is already in ur mind.
Sofia
I was asking that question to Braulio since he seems so convinced that God does not approve of homosexuality
Himshikha
So u can have hundred of different conversations with religious people because it always about their personality and their principles. Not God.
Sofia
yes true it is about faith. i base my beliefs on the Bible and that's how I have formed my principles and beliefs. The book was written over many years and it's just amazing how it is written all in harmony with the same thoughts. showing how God was the one inspiring the writers to give his msg
Braulio
I think is a self perspective feeling, if it is OK with you... go Whit it, if is not... just don't. somebody else's opinion it does not matter, you are the one who is living your life.
Dani
I am a woman who is married to a woman. We needed a fertility center to help us get pregnant. In the process, they found I had uterine cancer. I got my eggs out, formed embryos and then got cancer surgery. My wife was able to carry one of my frozen embryos and we have a 2 year old now.
Tara
My decision to marry my wife had nothing to do with me having a mental instability
Tara
William- without my wife, I would've never had the chance to meet or have my own children. My wife is a blessing
Tara
Prasuta- You should make some friends or make some small talk with people interested or involved in same sex relationships. I promise. we won't bite. We are humans with feelings, emotions and ambition. There is depression, anxiety and other mental illnesses in the "lgbt" community.
Tara
Just as there is in any other "community". . where there is struggle, there is pain and suffering. Where there is depression, there is happiness and enlightenment.
Tara
Where there are people, there are people in love. Human beings are vast in their desires, there life plans and adventures. Some choose to look at the light and see darkness surrounding the lgbt community out of hatred or disgust.
Tara
I assure you that we all have the same general wants to be successful, desired and feel accomplished.
Tara
The only struggle we struggle with is facing those who are against us. The vendetta inside those who hate and discriminate, were not born that way. This behavior is taught/learned at a later age. my daughter has 0 hate in her heart and I plan to keep it that way.
Tara
** One major struggle we have is the struggle with facing those who are against us**
Tara
Nice to see my discussion was dismissed. Prasuta- I hope you have found your answer.
Tara
good question. I'll try to answer. whatever reduces the amount of stress in your life would be a good thing. I hope that helps.
Menum724
hey so my bf suffers from anxiety and I guess depression too and he talks about death most of the time ..what am I supposed to say or do when he says he wants to die or will do something to hurt himself ( we can only text)
Imane
Tara your discussion is not dimissed.
Ronald
is your boyfriend seeing a therapist at all?
Richard
Imane- The sad part is that even if you encourage him or work your best to try to remove him from the place he is in, it may not help him. I would call a hotline to speak with a specialist on this matter. Is he willing to see a therapist/psychiatrist?
Tara
What form of self-destructive behavior is he involved in, if you know?
Tara
You don't have to share personal info. If you believe he is in great danger, you might have to explain to him that You're very concerned and worried about him and would advise him to seek some help if he hasn't.
Tara
Thanks @Sofia and @Himshikha for your support.
Prasuta
Thanks @Tara.. your words are very true.... I agree with all u said..
Prasuta
May I know from which country you are? @Tara
Prasuta
one other thought that I have is that, even if I find a partner... same sex marriage is illegal in my country... What to do in that case? and finding someone is also difficult because most of the people don't disclose such feelings to anyone because it is illegal.. Should I try to go abroad?
Prasuta
I'm from the US. Hiding your life/who you choose to end up with or love, is devastating. Even in parts of the US, lgbt are forced to move out of their homes and relocate. Your mental health/wellness serves one of the most important roles in your life. If you feel threatened, alone, lost- you should
Tara
create a conscious decision as to what may be best for you. Going abroad may be one of them.
Tara
ok... thanks..
Prasuta
There are lgbt friendly areas across the world- I would do some extensive research before you decide to leave your country.
Tara
ok... even if I leave my country.. it would take more than 4 years from now.. at first I have to complete my studies and get a job here.. and then I can move on to the other country
Prasuta
Are there private chats/events..etc for lgbt members for people in your country?
Tara

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Source:  OpenStax, Psychology. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11629/1.5
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