To check the result, substitute
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=10\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ into
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{log}\left(3x-2\right)-\mathrm{log}\left(2\right)=\mathrm{log}\left(x+4\right).$
Using the one-to-one property of logarithms to solve logarithmic equations
For any algebraic expressions
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}S\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}T\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and any positive real number
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b,$ where
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\ne 1,$
Note, when solving an equation involving logarithms, always check to see if the answer is correct or if it is an extraneous solution.
Given an equation containing logarithms, solve it using the one-to-one property.
Use the rules of logarithms to combine like terms, if necessary, so that the resulting equation has the form
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{log}}_{b}S={\mathrm{log}}_{b}T.$
Use the one-to-one property to set the arguments equal.
Solve the resulting equation,
$\text{\hspace{0.17em}}S=T,$ for the unknown.
Solving an equation using the one-to-one property of logarithms
Solving applied problems using exponential and logarithmic equations
In previous sections, we learned the properties and rules for both exponential and logarithmic functions. We have seen that any exponential function can be written as a logarithmic function and vice versa. We have used exponents to solve logarithmic equations and logarithms to solve exponential equations. We are now ready to combine our skills to solve equations that model real-world situations, whether the unknown is in an exponent or in the argument of a logarithm.
One such application is in science, in calculating the time it takes for half of the unstable material in a sample of a radioactive substance to decay, called its
half-life .
[link] lists the half-life for several of the more common radioactive substances.
Substance
Use
Half-life
gallium-67
nuclear medicine
80 hours
cobalt-60
manufacturing
5.3 years
technetium-99m
nuclear medicine
6 hours
americium-241
construction
432 years
carbon-14
archeological dating
5,715 years
uranium-235
atomic power
703,800,000 years
We can see how widely the half-lives for these substances vary. Knowing the half-life of a substance allows us to calculate the amount remaining after a specified time. We can use the formula for radioactive decay:
A cell phone company offers two plans for minutes. Plan A: $15 per month and $2 for every 300 texts. Plan B: $25 per month and $0.50 for every 100 texts. How many texts would you need to send per month for plan B to save you money?
Hey I am new to precalculus, and wanted clarification please on what sine is as I am floored by the terms in this app? I don't mean to sound stupid but I have only completed up to college algebra.
I don't know if you are looking for a deeper answer or not, but the sine of an angle in a right triangle is the length of the opposite side to the angle in question divided by the length of the hypotenuse of said triangle.
Marco
can you give me sir tips to quickly understand precalculus. Im new too in that topic.
Thanks
Jenica
if you remember sine, cosine, and tangent from geometry, all the relationships are the same but they use x y and r instead (x is adjacent, y is opposite, and r is hypotenuse).
Natalie
it is better to use unit circle than triangle .triangle is only used for acute angles but you can begin with. Download any application named"unit circle" you find in it all you need. unit circle is a circle centred at origine (0;0) with radius r= 1.
SLIMANE
What is domain
johnphilip
the standard equation
of the ellipse that has vertices (0,-4)&(0,4) and foci (0, -15)&(0,15)
it's standard equation is x^2 + y^2/16 =1
tell my why is it only x^2? why is there no a^2?
This term is plural for a focus, it is used for conic sections. For more detail or other math questions. I recommend researching on "Khan academy" or watching "The Organic Chemistry Tutor" YouTube channel.
Chris
how to determine the vertex,focus,directrix and axis of symmetry of the parabola by equations
For each year t, the population of a forest of trees is represented by the function A(t) = 117(1.029)t. In a neighboring forest, the population of the same type of tree is represented by the function B(t) = 86(1.025)t.
It's just like any other number. The important thing to know is that they exist and can be used in computations like any number.
Steve
I would like to add that they are used in AC signal analysis for one thing
Scott
Good call Scott. Also radar signals I believe.
Steve
They are used in any profession where the phase of a waveform has to be accounted for in the calculations. Imagine two electrical signals in a wire that are out of phase by 90°. At some times they will interfere constructively, others destructively. Complex numbers simplify those equations