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Conceptual questions

Explain why the patterns of bright emission spectral lines have an identical spectral position to the pattern of dark absorption spectral lines for a given gaseous element.

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Do the various spectral lines of the hydrogen atom overlap?

no

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The Balmer series for hydrogen was discovered before either the Lyman or the Paschen series. Why?

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When the absorption spectrum of hydrogen at room temperature is analyzed, absorption lines for the Lyman series are found, but none are found for the Balmer series. What does this tell us about the energy state of most hydrogen atoms at room temperature?

They are at ground state.

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Hydrogen accounts for about 75% by mass of the matter at the surfaces of most stars. However, the absorption lines of hydrogen are strongest (of highest intensity) in the spectra of stars with a surface temperature of about 9000 K. They are weaker in the sun spectrum and are essentially nonexistent in very hot (temperatures above 25,000 K) or rather cool (temperatures below 3500 K) stars. Speculate as to why surface temperature affects the hydrogen absorption lines that we observe.

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Discuss the similarities and differences between Thomson’s model of the hydrogen atom and Bohr’s model of the hydrogen atom.

Answers may vary

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Discuss the way in which Thomson’s model is nonphysical. Support your argument with experimental evidence.

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If, in a hydrogen atom, an electron moves to an orbit with a larger radius, does the energy of the hydrogen atom increase or decrease?

increase

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How is the energy conserved when an atom makes a transition from a higher to a lower energy state?

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Suppose an electron in a hydrogen atom makes a transition from the ( n+1 )th orbit to the n th orbit. Is the wavelength of the emitted photon longer for larger values of n , or for smaller values of n ?

for larger n

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Discuss why the allowed energies of the hydrogen atom are negative.

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Can a hydrogen atom absorb a photon whose energy is greater than 13.6 eV?

Yes, the excess of 13.6 eV will become kinetic energy of a free electron.

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Why can you see through glass but not through wood?

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Do gravitational forces have a significant effect on atomic energy levels?

no

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Show that Planck’s constant has the dimensions of angular momentum.

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Problems

Calculate the wavelength of the first line in the Lyman series and show that this line lies in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum.

121.5 nm

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Calculate the wavelength of the fifth line in the Lyman series and show that this line lies in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum.

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Calculate the energy changes corresponding to the transitions of the hydrogen atom: (a) from n = 3 to n = 4 ; (b) from n = 2 to n = 1 ; and (c) from n = 3 to n = .

a. 0.661 eV; b. –10.2 eV; c. 1.511 eV

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Determine the wavelength of the third Balmer line (transition from n = 5 to n = 2 ).

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What is the frequency of the photon absorbed when the hydrogen atom makes the transition from the ground state to the n = 4 state?

3038 THz

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When a hydrogen atom is in its ground state, what are the shortest and longest wavelengths of the photons it can absorb without being ionized?

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When a hydrogen atom is in its third excided state, what are the shortest and longest wavelengths of the photons it can emit?

97.33 nm

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What is the longest wavelength that light can have if it is to be capable of ionizing the hydrogen atom in its ground state?

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For an electron in a hydrogen atom in the n = 2 state, compute: (a) the angular momentum; (b) the kinetic energy; (c) the potential energy; and (d) the total energy.

a. h/ π ; b. 3.4 eV; c. – 6.8 eV; d. – 3.4 eV

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Find the ionization energy of a hydrogen atom in the fourth energy state.

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It has been measured that it required 0.850 eV to remove an electron from the hydrogen atom. In what state was the atom before the ionization happened?

n = 4

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What is the radius of a hydrogen atom when the electron is in the first excited state?

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Find the shortest wavelength in the Balmer series. In what part of the spectrum does this line lie?

365 nm; UV

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Show that the entire Paschen series lies in the infrared part of the spectrum.

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Do the Balmer series and the Lyman series overlap? Why? Why not? (Hint: calculate the shortest Balmer line and the longest Lyman line.)

no

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(a) Which line in the Balmer series is the first one in the UV part of the spectrum? (b) How many Balmer lines lie in the visible part of the spectrum? (c) How many Balmer lines lie in the UV?

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A 4.653 m emission line of atomic hydrogen corresponds to transition between the states n f = 5 and n i . Find n i .

7

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Questions & Answers

as a free falling object increases speed what is happening to the acceleration
Success Reply
of course g is constant
Alwielland
acceleration also inc
Usman
photo electrons doesn't emmit when electrons are free to move on surface of metal why?
Rafi Reply
What would be the minimum work function of a metal have to be for visible light(400-700)nm to ejected photoelectrons?
Mohammed Reply
give any fix value to wave length
Rafi
40 cm into change mm
Arhaan Reply
40cm=40.0×10^-2m =400.0×10^-3m =400mm. that cap(^) I have used above is to the power.
Prema
i.e. 10to the power -2 in the first line and 10 to the power -3 in the the second line.
Prema
there is mistake in my first msg correction is 40cm=40.0×10^-2m =400.0×10^-3m =400mm. sorry for the mistake friends.
Prema
40cm=40.0×10^-2m =400.0×10^-3m =400mm.
Prema
this msg is out of mistake. sorry friends​.
Prema
what is physics?
sisay Reply
why we have physics
Anil Reply
because is the study of mater and natural world
John
because physics is nature. it explains the laws of nature. some laws already discovered. some laws yet to be discovered.
Yoblaze
is this a physics forum
Physics Reply
explain l-s coupling
Depk Reply
how can we say dirac equation is also called a relativistic equation in one word
preeti Reply
what is the electronic configration of Al
usman Reply
what's the signeficance of dirac equetion.?
Sibghat Reply
what is the effect of heat on refractive index
Nepal Reply
As refractive index depend on other factors also but if we supply heat on any system or media its refractive index decrease. i.e. it is inversely proportional to the heat.
ganesh
you are correct
Priyojit
law of multiple
Wahid
if we heated the ice then the refractive index be change from natural water
Nepal
can someone explain normalization condition
Priyojit Reply
please tell
Swati
yes
Chemist
1 millimeter is How many metres
Darling Reply
1millimeter =0.001metre
Gitanjali
The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrons when light shines on a material. 
Chris Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, University physics volume 3. OpenStax CNX. Nov 04, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12067/1.4
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