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A Michelson interferometer with a He-Ne laser light source ( λ = 632.8 nm ) projects its interference pattern on a screen. If the movable mirror is caused to move by 8.54 μ m , how many fringes will be observed shifting through a reference point on a screen?

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An experimenter detects 251 fringes when the movable mirror in a Michelson interferometer is displaced. The light source used is a sodium lamp, wavelength 589 nm. By what distance did the movable mirror move?

73.9 μ m

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A Michelson interferometer is used to measure the wavelength of light put through it. When the movable mirror is moved by exactly 0.100 mm, the number of fringes observed moving through is 316. What is the wavelength of the light?

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A 5.08-cm-long rectangular glass chamber is inserted into one arm of a Michelson interferometer using a 633-nm light source. This chamber is initially filled with air ( n = 1.000293 ) at standard atmospheric pressure but the air is gradually pumped out using a vacuum pump until a near perfect vacuum is achieved. How many fringes are observed moving by during the transition?

47

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Into one arm of a Michelson interferometer, a plastic sheet of thickness 75 μ m is inserted, which causes a shift in the interference pattern by 86 fringes. The light source has wavelength of 610 nm in air. What is the index of refraction of this plastic?

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The thickness of an aluminum foil is measured using a Michelson interferometer that has its movable mirror mounted on a micrometer. There is a difference of 27 fringes in the observed interference pattern when the micrometer clamps down on the foil compared to when the micrometer is empty. Calculate the thickness of the foil?

8.5 μ m

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The movable mirror of a Michelson interferometer is attached to one end of a thin metal rod of length 23.3 mm. The other end of the rod is anchored so it does not move. As the temperature of the rod changes from 15 °C to 25 C , a change of 14 fringes is observed. The light source is a He Ne laser, λ = 632.8 nm . What is the change in length of the metal bar, and what is its thermal expansion coefficient?

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In a thermally stabilized lab, a Michelson interferometer is used to monitor the temperature to ensure it stays constant. The movable mirror is mounted on the end of a 1.00-m-long aluminum rod, held fixed at the other end. The light source is a He Ne laser, λ = 632.8 nm . The resolution of this apparatus corresponds to the temperature difference when a change of just one fringe is observed. What is this temperature difference?

0.013 ° C

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A 65-fringe shift results in a Michelson interferometer when a 42.0 - μ m film made of an unknown material is placed in one arm. The light source has wavelength 632.9 nm. Identify the material using the indices of refraction found in [link] .

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Challenge problems

Determine what happens to the double-slit interference pattern if one of the slits is covered with a thin, transparent film whose thickness is λ / [ 2 ( n 1 ) ] , where λ is the wavelength of the incident light and n is the index of refraction of the film.

Bright and dark fringes switch places.

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Fifty-one narrow slits are equally spaced and separated by 0.10 mm. The slits are illuminated by blue light of wavelength 400 nm. What is angular position of the twenty-fifth secondary maximum? What is its peak intensity in comparison with that of the primary maximum?

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A film of oil on water will appear dark when it is very thin, because the path length difference becomes small compared with the wavelength of light and there is a phase shift at the top surface. If it becomes dark when the path length difference is less than one-fourth the wavelength, what is the thickest the oil can be and appear dark at all visible wavelengths? Oil has an index of refraction of 1.40.

The path length must be less than one-fourth of the shortest visible wavelength in oil. The thickness of the oil is half the path length, so it must be less than one-eighth of the shortest visible wavelength in oil. If we take 380 nm to be the shortest visible wavelength in air, 33.9 nm.

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[link] shows two glass slides illuminated by monochromatic light incident perpendicularly. The top slide touches the bottom slide at one end and rests on a 0.100-mm-diameter hair at the other end, forming a wedge of air. (a) How far apart are the dark bands, if the slides are 7.50 cm long and 589-nm light is used? (b) Is there any difference if the slides are made from crown or flint glass? Explain.

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[link] shows two 7.50-cm-long glass slides illuminated by pure 589-nm wavelength light incident perpendicularly. The top slide touches the bottom slide at one end and rests on some debris at the other end, forming a wedge of air. How thick is the debris, if the dark bands are 1.00 mm apart?

4.42 × 10 −5 m

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A soap bubble is 100 nm thick and illuminated by white light incident at a 45 ° angle to its surface. What wavelength and color of visible light is most constructively reflected, assuming the same index of refraction as water?

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An oil slick on water is 120 nm thick and illuminated by white light incident at a 45 ° angle to its surface. What color does the oil appear (what is the most constructively reflected wavelength), given its index of refraction is 1.40?

for one phase change: 950 nm (infrared); for three phase changes: 317 nm (ultraviolet); Therefore, the oil film will appear black, since the reflected light is not in the visible part of the spectrum.

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Questions & Answers

is this a physics forum
Physics Reply
explain l-s coupling
Depk Reply
how can we say dirac equation is also called a relativistic equation in one word
preeti Reply
what is the electronic configration of Al
usman Reply
what's the signeficance of dirac equetion.?
Sibghat Reply
what is the effect of heat on refractive index
Nepal Reply
As refractive index depend on other factors also but if we supply heat on any system or media its refractive index decrease. i.e. it is inversely proportional to the heat.
ganesh
you are correct
Priyojit
law of multiple
Wahid
if we heated the ice then the refractive index be change from natural water
Nepal
can someone explain normalization condition
Priyojit Reply
please tell
Swati
yes
Chemist
1 millimeter is How many metres
Darling Reply
1millimeter =0.001metre
Gitanjali
The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrons when light shines on a material. 
Chris Reply
What is photoelectric effect
Amit Reply
it gives practical evidence of particke nature of light.
Omsai
particle nature
Omsai
photoelectric effect is the phenomenon of emission of electrons from a material(i.e Metal) when it is exposed to sunlight. Emitted electrons are called as photo electrons.
Anil
what are the applications of quantum mechanics to medicine?
Neptune
application of quantum mechanics in medicine: 1) improved disease screening and treatment ; using a relatively new method known as BIO- BARCODE ASSAY we can detect disease-specific clues in our blood using gold nanoparticles. 2) in Genomic medicine 3) in protein folding 4) in radio theraphy(MRI)
Anil
Quantam physics ki basic concepts?
Laxmikanta Reply
why does not electron exits in nucleaus
Kabbo Reply
electrons have negative
YASH
Proton and meltdown has greater mass than electron. So it naturally electron will move around nucleus such as gases surrounded earth
Amalesh
.......proton and neutron....
Amalesh
excuse me yash what negative
Rika
coz, electron contained minus ion
Manish
negative sign rika shrestha ji
YASH
electron is the smallest negetive charge...An anaion i.e., negetive ion contains extra electrons. How ever an atom is neutral so it must contains proton and electron
Amalesh
yes yash ji
Rika
yes friends
Prema
koantam theory
Laxmikanta
yes prema
Rika
quantum theory tells us that both light and matter consists of tiny particles which have wave like propertise associated with them.
Prema
proton and nutron nuclear power is best than proton and electron kulamb force
Laxmikanta
what is de-broglie wave length?
Ramsuphal
plot a graph of MP against tan ( Angle/2) and determine the slope of the graph and find the error in it.
Ime Reply
expression for photon as wave
BARISUA Reply
Are beta particle and eletron are same?
Amalesh Reply
yes
mari
how can you confirm?
Amalesh
sry
Saiaung
If they are same then why they named differently?
Amalesh
because beta particles give the information that the electron is ejected from the nucleus with very high energy
Absar
beta particle is of two kind beta plus and beta minus ,beta minus is electron and beta plus is positron
Nepal
beta particles are none but positive charged electron
Priyojit
which is ejected from nucleus
Priyojit
when nutron converts to proton it splits to two part one proton and the minus part ejected as beta
Priyojit
both are same things only the difference is that beta partical ejected from the neuclus and electrons revolves round the neuclus.
Sibghat
Practice Key Terms 1

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Source:  OpenStax, University physics volume 3. OpenStax CNX. Nov 04, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12067/1.4
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