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A car is moving at high speed along a highway when the driver makes an emergency braking. The wheels become locked (stop rolling), and the resulting skid marks are 32.0 meters long. If the coefficient of kinetic friction between tires and road is 0.550, and the acceleration was constant during braking, how fast was the car going when the wheels became locked?

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A crate having mass 50.0 kg falls horizontally off the back of the flatbed truck, which is traveling at 100 km/h. Find the value of the coefficient of kinetic friction between the road and crate if the crate slides 50 m on the road in coming to rest. The initial speed of the crate is the same as the truck, 100 km/h.

The figure shows a truck moving to the right at 100 kilometers per hour and a 50 kilogram crate on the ground behind the truck.

0.789

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A 15-kg sled is pulled across a horizontal, snow-covered surface by a force applied to a rope at 30 degrees with the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the sled and the snow is 0.20. (a) If the force is 33 N, what is the horizontal acceleration of the sled? (b) What must the force be in order to pull the sled at constant velocity?

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A 30.0-g ball at the end of a string is swung in a vertical circle with a radius of 25.0 cm. The rotational velocity is 200.0 cm/s. Find the tension in the string: (a) at the top of the circle, (b) at the bottom of the circle, and (c) at a distance of 12.5 cm from the center of the circle ( r = 12.5 cm ) .

a. 0.186 N; b. 774 N; c. 0.48 N

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A particle of mass 0.50 kg starts moves through a circular path in the xy -plane with a position given by r ( t ) = ( 4.0 cos 3 t ) i ^ + ( 4.0 sin 3 t ) j ^ where r is in meters and t is in seconds. (a) Find the velocity and acceleration vectors as functions of time. (b) Show that the acceleration vector always points toward the center of the circle (and thus represents centripetal acceleration). (c) Find the centripetal force vector as a function of time.

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A stunt cyclist rides on the interior of a cylinder 12 m in radius. The coefficient of static friction between the tires and the wall is 0.68. Find the value of the minimum speed for the cyclist to perform the stunt.

13 m/s

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When a body of mass 0.25 kg is attached to a vertical massless spring, it is extended 5.0 cm from its unstretched length of 4.0 cm. The body and spring are placed on a horizontal frictionless surface and rotated about the held end of the spring at 2.0 rev/s. How far is the spring stretched?

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Railroad tracks follow a circular curve of radius 500.0 m and are banked at an angle of 5.00 ° . For trains of what speed are these tracks designed?

20.7 m/s

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A plumb bob hangs from the roof of a railroad car. The car rounds a circular track of radius 300.0 m at a speed of 90.0 km/h. At what angle relative to the vertical does the plumb bob hang?

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An airplane flies at 120.0 m/s and banks at a 30 ° angle. If its mass is 2.50 × 10 3 kg, (a) what is the magnitude of the lift force? (b) what is the radius of the turn?

a. 28,300 N; b. 2540 m

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The position of a particle is given by r ( t ) = A ( cos ω t i ^ + sin ω t j ^ ) , where ω is a constant. (a) Show that the particle moves in a circle of radius A . (b) Calculate d r / d t and then show that the speed of the particle is a constant A ω . (c) Determine d 2 r / d t 2 and show that a is given by a c = r ω 2 . (d) Calculate the centripetal force on the particle. [ Hint : For (b) and (c), you will need to use ( d / d t ) ( cos ω t ) = ω sin ω t and ( d / d t ) ( sin ω t ) = ω cos ω t .

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Questions & Answers

Clay Matthews, a linebacker for the Green Bay Packers, can reach a speed of 10.0 m/s. At the start of a play, Matthews runs downfield at 43° with respect to the 50-yard line (the +x-axis) and covers 7.8 m in 1 s. He then runs straight down the field at 90° with respect to the 50-yard line (that is, in the +y-direction) for 17 m, with an elapsed time of 2.9 s. (Express your answers in vector form.) (a) What is Matthews's final displacement (in m) from the start of the play?
Justin Reply
What is his average velocity (in m/s)?
Justin
A machine at a post office sends packages out a chute and down a ramp to be loaded into delivery vehicles. (a) Calculate the acceleration of a box heading down a 17.4° slope, assuming the coefficient of friction for a parcel on waxed wood is 0.100. (b) Find the angle of the slope down which this box could move at a constant velocity. You can neglect air resistance in both parts.
Austin Reply
what principle is applicable in projectile motion
Mkapa Reply
does rocket and satellite follow the same principle??? which principle do both of these follow???
Abhishek Reply
According to d'Broglie's concept of matter waves matter behaves like wave and the wavelength is h/p. but actually there is not only a wave but a wave packet wich is defined by a wave function and that wave function can defines everything about the particle but restricted by the uncertainty principle
Ravi Reply
what phenomenon describes Matter behave as a wave???
SHAKIRU Reply
simple definition of wave
Prajwal Reply
hello
Carls Reply
can anyone help me with this problem
Carls
A projectile is shot at a hill, the base of which is 300 m away. The projectile is shot at 60°60° above the horizontal with an initial speed of 75 m/s. The hill can be approximated by a plane sloped at 20°20° to the horizontal. Relative to the coordinate system shown in the following figure, the equation of this straight line is y=(tan20°)x−109.y=(tan20°)x−109. Where on the hill does the projectile land?
Carls
what is velocity
Abel Reply
hi, Musa,this moment a lateral
Arzoodan Reply
what is moment
Musa Reply
about projectile
Indra Reply
dimesion is defined as a measureable extent of particular kind such as breadth mass
Amruta Reply
Dimension is a quantity which give us direction of any vector unit like velocity
H.M.Ahmad Reply
what is dimension
Practice Key Terms 2

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Source:  OpenStax, University physics volume 1. OpenStax CNX. Sep 19, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12031/1.5
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