



Why did scientist Christian Doppler observe musicians both on a moving train and also from a stationary point not on the train?
Doppler needed to compare the perception of sound when the observer is stationary and the sound source moves, as well as when the sound source and the observer are both in motion.
Describe a situation in your life when you might rely on the Doppler shift to help you either while driving a car or walking near traffic.
If I am driving and I hear Doppler shift in an ambulance siren, I would be able to tell when it was getting closer and also if it has passed by. This would help me to know whether I needed to pull over and let the ambulance through.
Section summary
 The Doppler effect is an alteration in the observed frequency of a sound due to motion of either the source or the observer.
 The actual change in frequency is called the Doppler shift.
 A sonic boom is constructive interference of sound created by an object moving faster than sound.
 A sonic boom is a type of bow wake created when any wave source moves faster than the wave propagation speed.
 For a stationary observer and a moving source, the observed frequency
${f}_{\text{obs}}$ is:
${f}_{\text{obs}}={f}_{\mathrm{s}}\left(\frac{{v}_{\mathrm{w}}}{{v}_{\mathrm{w}}\pm {v}_{\mathrm{s}}}\right),$
where
${f}_{\mathrm{s}}$ is the frequency of the source,
${v}_{\mathrm{s}}$ is the speed of the source, and
${v}_{\mathrm{w}}$ is the speed of sound. The minus sign is used for motion toward the observer and the plus sign for motion away.
 For a stationary source and moving observer, the observed frequency is:
${f}_{\text{obs}}={f}_{\mathrm{s}}\left(\frac{{v}_{\mathrm{w}}\pm {v}_{\text{obs}}}{{v}_{\mathrm{w}}}\right),$
where
${v}_{\text{obs}}$ is the speed of the observer.
Conceptual questions
Is the Doppler shift real or just a sensory illusion?
Due to efficiency considerations related to its bow wake, the supersonic transport aircraft must maintain a cruising speed that is a constant ratio to the speed of sound (a constant Mach number). If the aircraft flies from warm air into colder air, should it increase or decrease its speed? Explain your answer.
When you hear a sonic boom, you often cannot see the plane that made it. Why is that?
Problems&Exercises
(a) What frequency is received by a person watching an oncoming ambulance moving at 110 km/h and emitting a steady 800Hz sound from its siren? The speed of sound on this day is 345 m/s. (b) What frequency does she receive after the ambulance has passed?
(a) At an air show a jet flies directly toward the stands at a speed of 1200 km/h, emitting a frequency of 3500 Hz, on a day when the speed of sound is 342 m/s. What frequency is received by the observers? (b) What frequency do they receive as the plane flies directly away from them?
What frequency is received by a mouse just before being dispatched by a hawk flying at it at 25.0 m/s and emitting a screech of frequency 3500 Hz? Take the speed of sound to be 331 m/s.
$3.79\times {10}^{3}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{Hz}$
A spectator at a parade receives an 888Hz tone from an oncoming trumpeter who is playing an 880Hz note. At what speed is the musician approaching if the speed of sound is 338 m/s?
A commuter train blows its 200Hz horn as it approaches a crossing. The speed of sound is 335 m/s. (a) An observer waiting at the crossing receives a frequency of 208 Hz. What is the speed of the train? (b) What frequency does the observer receive as the train moves away?
Can you perceive the shift in frequency produced when you pull a tuning fork toward you at 10.0 m/s on a day when the speed of sound is 344 m/s? To answer this question, calculate the factor by which the frequency shifts and see if it is greater than 0.300%.
Two eagles fly directly toward one another, the first at 15.0 m/s and the second at 20.0 m/s. Both screech, the first one emitting a frequency of 3200 Hz and the second one emitting a frequency of 3800 Hz. What frequencies do they receive if the speed of sound is 330 m/s?
First eagle hears
$4.23\times {10}^{3}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{Hz}$
Second eagle hears
$3.56\times {10}^{3}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{Hz}$
What is the minimum speed at which a source must travel toward you for you to be able to hear that its frequency is Doppler shifted? That is, what speed produces a shift of 0.300% on a day when the speed of sound is 331 m/s?
Questions & Answers
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
The given of f(x=x2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X6)^2
so it's 20 divided by X6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
is it a question of log
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
if A not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = A
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
No. 7x 4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) 7y
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)1/7 (x1)=
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials and their applications of sensors.
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field .
1Electronicsmanufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc
2Helth and MedicalNanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc
3 Atomobile MEMS, Coating on car etc.
and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change .
maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:
OpenStax, College physics ii. OpenStax CNX. Nov 29, 2012 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11458/1.2
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