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A cosmic ray electron moves at 7 . 50 × 10 6 m/s size 12{7 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } `"m/s"} {} perpendicular to the Earth’s magnetic field at an altitude where field strength is 1 . 00 × 10 5 T size 12{1 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } `T} {} . What is the radius of the circular path the electron follows?

4.27 m

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A proton moves at 7 . 50 × 10 7 m/s size 12{7 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{7} } `"m/s"} {} perpendicular to a magnetic field. The field causes the proton to travel in a circular path of radius 0.800 m. What is the field strength?

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(a) Viewers of Star Trek hear of an antimatter drive on the Starship Enterprise . One possibility for such a futuristic energy source is to store antimatter charged particles in a vacuum chamber, circulating in a magnetic field, and then extract them as needed. Antimatter annihilates with normal matter, producing pure energy. What strength magnetic field is needed to hold antiprotons, moving at 5 . 00 × 10 7 m/s size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{7} } `"m/s"} {} in a circular path 2.00 m in radius? Antiprotons have the same mass as protons but the opposite (negative) charge. (b) Is this field strength obtainable with today’s technology or is it a futuristic possibility?

(a) 0.261 T

(b) This strength is definitely obtainable with today’s technology. Magnetic field strengths of 0.500 T are obtainable with permanent magnets.

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(a) An oxygen-16 ion with a mass of 2 . 66 × 10 26 kg size 12{2 "." "66" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "26"} } `"kg"} {} travels at 5 . 00 × 10 6 m/s size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } `"m/s"} {} perpendicular to a 1.20-T magnetic field, which makes it move in a circular arc with a 0.231-m radius. What positive charge is on the ion? (b) What is the ratio of this charge to the charge of an electron? (c) Discuss why the ratio found in (b) should be an integer.

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What radius circular path does an electron travel if it moves at the same speed and in the same magnetic field as the proton in [link] ?

4 . 36 × 10 4 m size 12{4 "." "36" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 4} } " m"} {}

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A velocity selector in a mass spectrometer uses a 0.100-T magnetic field. (a) What electric field strength is needed to select a speed of 4 . 00 × 10 6 m/s size 12{4 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } `"m/s"} {} ? (b) What is the voltage between the plates if they are separated by 1.00 cm?

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An electron in a TV CRT moves with a speed of 6 . 00 × 10 7 m/s size 12{6 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{7} } `"m/s"} {} , in a direction perpendicular to the Earth’s field, which has a strength of 5 . 00 × 10 5 T size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } `T} {} . (a) What strength electric field must be applied perpendicular to the Earth’s field to make the electron moves in a straight line? (b) If this is done between plates separated by 1.00 cm, what is the voltage applied? (Note that TVs are usually surrounded by a ferromagnetic material to shield against external magnetic fields and avoid the need for such a correction.)

(a) 3.00 kV/m

(b) 30.0 V

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(a) At what speed will a proton move in a circular path of the same radius as the electron in [link] ? (b) What would the radius of the path be if the proton had the same speed as the electron? (c) What would the radius be if the proton had the same kinetic energy as the electron? (d) The same momentum?

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A mass spectrometer is being used to separate common oxygen-16 from the much rarer oxygen-18, taken from a sample of old glacial ice. (The relative abundance of these oxygen isotopes is related to climatic temperature at the time the ice was deposited.) The ratio of the masses of these two ions is 16 to 18, the mass of oxygen-16 is 2 . 66 × 10 26 kg , size 12{2 "." "66" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "26"} } `"kg"} {} and they are singly charged and travel at 5 . 00 × 10 6 m/s size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } `"m/s"} {} in a 1.20-T magnetic field. What is the separation between their paths when they hit a target after traversing a semicircle?

0.173 m

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(a) Triply charged uranium-235 and uranium-238 ions are being separated in a mass spectrometer. (The much rarer uranium-235 is used as reactor fuel.) The masses of the ions are 3 . 90 × 10 25 kg size 12{3 "." "90" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "25"} } `"kg"} {} and 3 . 95 × 10 25 kg size 12{3 "." "95" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "25"} } `"kg"} {} , respectively, and they travel at 3 . 00 × 10 5 m/s size 12{3 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{5} } `"m/s"} {} in a 0.250-T field. What is the separation between their paths when they hit a target after traversing a semicircle? (b) Discuss whether this distance between their paths seems to be big enough to be practical in the separation of uranium-235 from uranium-238.

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Questions & Answers

Hello want to study physics but it seems so difficult
Joshua Reply
Yes
Aifuwa
I read it but when I try to solve questions it seems difficult
Aifuwa
Jerry where are you from
Joshua
explanations on harmonic motion
Tumwiine Reply
example ofchange of state of the body in the effectof heat
Abiodun Reply
what is normal force?
Neyaz Reply
the force that pushes upward on us. the force that opposes gravity
clifford
upthrust of air
Abdikadir
Newton's 3rd law. the force of the ground (earth) that pushes back on gravity, keeping us on the ground instead of sinking into it.
clifford
I really need lots of questions on frictional force
Ogboru Reply
Questions or answers?
Shii
I can help answering what I can
Shii
does friction also need some force to perform?
Mohit
no friction is a force just like the gravitational force
clifford
yeah but u can't apply friction anywhere else like other forces
Mohit
I don't understand that question. friction does work alongside other forces based on the situation.
clifford
eg. when walking there are two forces acting on us gravitational and frictional force. friction helps us move forward and gravity keeps us on the ground
clifford
friction is a contact force. Two surfaces are necessary for the force to work.
clifford
hope this helped
clifford
the friction force which oppose while it contact with surrounding. there are two kind of friction. slidding and rolling friction.
Neyaz
Two unequal masses M1 and M2 are connected by a string of tension T on a plane,find the acceleration and tension in the string
Ogboru
derive the equation
Ogboru
Hi
Olamide
What is physics?
Jeuloriz Reply
physics is a branch of science in which we are dealing with the knowledge of our physical things. macroscopic as well as microscopic. we are going look inside the univers with the help of physics. you can learn nature with the help of physics. so many branches of physics you have to learn physics.
vijay
What are quarks?
Breanna Reply
6 type of quarks
Neyaz
what is candela
Akani Reply
Candela is the unit for the measurement of light intensity.
Osei
any one can prove that 1hrpower= 746 watt
Neyaz Reply
Newton second is the unit of ...............?
Neyaz
Impulse and momentum
Fauzia
force×time and mass× velocity
vijay
Good
Neyaz
What is the simple harmonic motion?
Fauzia Reply
oscillatory motion under a retarding force proportional to the amount of displacement from an equilibrium position
Yuri
Straight out of google, you could do that to, I suppose.
Yuri
*too
Yuri
ok
Fauzia
Oscillatory motion under a regarding force proportional to the amount of displacement from an equilibrium position
Neyaz
examples of work done by load of gravity
Maureen Reply
What is ehrenfest theorem?
Fauzia Reply
You can look it up, faster and more reliable answer.
Yuri
That isn't a question to ask on a forum and I also have no idea what that is.
Yuri
what is the work done by gravity on the load 87kj,11.684m,mass xkg[g=19m/s
Maureen
What is law of mass action?
Fauzia Reply
rate of chemical reactions is proportional to concentration of reactants ...
muhammad
ok thanks
Fauzia
what is lenses
Ndobe Reply
lenses are two types
Fauzia
concave and convex
muhammad
right
Fauzia
speed of light in space
Vikash Reply
in vacuum speed of light is 3×10^8 m/s
vijay
ok
Vikash
2.99×10^8m/s
Umair
2.8820^8m/s
Muhammed
which is correct answer
Vikash
he is correct but we can round up in simple terms
vijay
3×10^8m/s
vijay
is it correct
Fauzia
I mean 3*10^8 m/s ok
vijay
299792458 meter per second
babar
3*10^8m/s
Neyaz
how many Maxwell relations in thermodynamics
vijay
how we can do prove them?
vijay
What is second law of thermodynamics?
Neyaz

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Source:  OpenStax, College physics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9
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