<< Chapter < Page | Chapter >> Page > |
A photon decays into an electron-positron pair. What is the kinetic energy of the electron if its speed is $0.992c$ ?
How are the classical laws of conservation of energy and conservation of mass modified by modern relativity?
What happens to the mass of water in a pot when it cools, assuming no molecules escape or are added? Is this observable in practice? Explain.
Consider a thought experiment. You place an expanded balloon of air on weighing scales outside in the early morning. The balloon stays on the scales and you are able to measure changes in its mass. Does the mass of the balloon change as the day progresses? Discuss the difficulties in carrying out this experiment.
The mass of the fuel in a nuclear reactor decreases by an observable amount as it puts out energy. Is the same true for the coal and oxygen combined in a conventional power plant? If so, is this observable in practice for the coal and oxygen? Explain.
We know that the velocity of an object with mass has an upper limit of $c$ . Is there an upper limit on its momentum? Its energy? Explain.
Given the fact that light travels at $c$ , can it have mass? Explain.
If you use an Earth-based telescope to project a laser beam onto the Moon, you can move the spot across the Moon’s surface at a velocity greater than the speed of light. Does this violate modern relativity? (Note that light is being sent from the Earth to the Moon, not across the surface of the Moon.)
What is the rest energy of an electron, given its mass is $9\text{.}\text{11}\times {\text{10}}^{-\text{31}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{kg}$ ? Give your answer in joules and MeV.
$8.20\times {\text{10}}^{-\text{14}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{J}$
0.512 MeV
Find the rest energy in joules and MeV of a proton, given its mass is $1\text{.}\text{67}\times {\text{10}}^{-\text{27}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{kg}$ .
If the rest energies of a proton and a neutron (the two constituents of nuclei) are 938.3 and 939.6 MeV respectively, what is the difference in their masses in kilograms?
$2\text{.}3\times {\text{10}}^{-\text{30}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{kg}$
Notification Switch
Would you like to follow the 'College physics' conversation and receive update notifications?