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An object that is thrown straight up falls back to Earth. This is one-dimensional motion. (a) When is its velocity zero? (b) Does its velocity change direction? (c) Does the acceleration due to gravity have the same sign on the way up as on the way down?

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Suppose you throw a rock nearly straight up at a coconut in a palm tree, and the rock misses on the way up but hits the coconut on the way down. Neglecting air resistance, how does the speed of the rock when it hits the coconut on the way down compare with what it would have been if it had hit the coconut on the way up? Is it more likely to dislodge the coconut on the way up or down? Explain.

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If an object is thrown straight up and air resistance is negligible, then its speed when it returns to the starting point is the same as when it was released. If air resistance were not negligible, how would its speed upon return compare with its initial speed? How would the maximum height to which it rises be affected?

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The severity of a fall depends on your speed when you strike the ground. All factors but the acceleration due to gravity being the same, how many times higher could a safe fall on the Moon be than on Earth (gravitational acceleration on the Moon is about 1/6 that of the Earth)?

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How many times higher could an astronaut jump on the Moon than on Earth if his takeoff speed is the same in both locations (gravitational acceleration on the Moon is about 1/6 of g size 12{g} {} on Earth)?

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Problems&Exercises

Assume air resistance is negligible unless otherwise stated.

Calculate the displacement and velocity at times of (a) 0.500, (b) 1.00, (c) 1.50, and (d) 2.00 s for a ball thrown straight up with an initial velocity of 15.0 m/s. Take the point of release to be y 0 = 0 size 12{y rSub { size 8{0} } =0} {} .

(a) y 1 = 6 . 28 m size 12{y rSub { size 8{1} } =6 "." "28 m"} {} ; v 1 = 10 . 1 m/s size 12{v rSub { size 8{1} } ="10" "." "1 m/s"} {}

(b) y 2 = 10 . 1 m size 12{y rSub { size 8{2} } ="10" "." "1 m"} {} ; v 2 = 5 . 20 m/s size 12{v rSub { size 8{2} } =5 "." "20 m/s"} {}

(c) y 3 = 11 . 5 m ; v 3 = 0 .300 m/s size 12{v rSub { size 8{3} } =0 "." "300"" m/s"} {}

(d) y 4 = 10 .4 m ; v 4 = 4 .60 m/s size 12{v rSub { size 8{4} } = - 4 "." "60"" m/s"} {}

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Calculate the displacement and velocity at times of (a) 0.500, (b) 1.00, (c) 1.50, (d) 2.00, and (e) 2.50 s for a rock thrown straight down with an initial velocity of 14.0 m/s from the Verrazano Narrows Bridge in New York City. The roadway of this bridge is 70.0 m above the water.

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A basketball referee tosses the ball straight up for the starting tip-off. At what velocity must a basketball player leave the ground to rise 1.25 m above the floor in an attempt to get the ball?

v 0 = 4 . 95 m/s size 12{v rSub { size 8{0} } =4 "." "95 m/s"} {}

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A rescue helicopter is hovering over a person whose boat has sunk. One of the rescuers throws a life preserver straight down to the victim with an initial velocity of 1.40 m/s and observes that it takes 1.8 s to reach the water. (a) List the knowns in this problem. (b) How high above the water was the preserver released? Note that the downdraft of the helicopter reduces the effects of air resistance on the falling life preserver, so that an acceleration equal to that of gravity is reasonable.

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A dolphin in an aquatic show jumps straight up out of the water at a velocity of 13.0 m/s. (a) List the knowns in this problem. (b) How high does his body rise above the water? To solve this part, first note that the final velocity is now a known and identify its value. Then identify the unknown, and discuss how you chose the appropriate equation to solve for it. After choosing the equation, show your steps in solving for the unknown, checking units, and discuss whether the answer is reasonable. (c) How long is the dolphin in the air? Neglect any effects due to his size or orientation.

(a) a = 9 . 80 m/s 2 size 12{a= - 9 "." "80 m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} ; v 0 = 13 . 0 m/s size 12{v rSub { size 8{0} } ="13" "." "0 m/s"} {} ; y 0 = 0 m size 12{y rSub { size 8{0} } ="0 m"} {}

(b) v = 0 m/s . Unknown is distance y to top of trajectory, where velocity is zero. Use equation v 2 = v 0 2 + 2 a y y 0 size 12{v rSup { size 8{2} } =v rSub { size 8{0} } rSup { size 8{2} } +2a left (y - y rSub { size 8{0} } right )} {} because it contains all known values except for y , so we can solve for y size 12{y} {} . Solving for y size 12{y} {} gives

v 2 v 0 2 = 2 a y y 0 v 2 v 0 2 2 a = y y 0 y = y 0 + v 2 v 0 2 2 a = 0 m + 0 m/s 2 13.0 m/s 2 2 9.80 m /s 2 = 8.62 m alignl { stack { size 12{v rSup { size 8{2} } - v rSub { size 8{0} } rSup { size 8{2} } =2a left (y - y rSub { size 8{0} } right )} {} #{ {v rSup { size 8{2} } - v rSub { size 8{0} } rSup { size 8{2} } } over {2a} } =y - y rSub { size 8{0} } {} # y=y rSub { size 8{0} } + { {v rSup { size 8{2} } - v rSub { size 8{0} } rSup { size 8{2} } } over {2a} } =0`m+ { { left (0`"m/s" right ) rSup { size 8{2} } - left ("13" "." 0`"m/s" right ) rSup { size 8{2} } } over {2 left ( - 9 "." "80"`"m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } right )} } =8 "." "62"`m {}} } {}

Dolphins measure about 2 meters long and can jump several times their length out of the water, so this is a reasonable result.

(c) 2 . 65 s size 12{2 "." "65 s"} {}

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Questions & Answers

derivation of ohms law
Kazeem Reply
derivation of resistance
Kazeem
R=v/I where R=resistor, v=voltage, I=current
Kazeem
Electric current is the flow of electrons
Kelly Reply
is there really flow of electrons exist?
babar
Yes It exists
Cffrrcvccgg
explain plz how electrons flow
babar
if electron flows from where first come and end the first one
babar
an electron will flow accross a conductor because or when it posseses kinectic energy
Cffrrcvccgg
electron can not flow jist trasmit electrical energy
ghulam
free electrons of conductor
ankita
electric means the flow heat current.
Serah Reply
electric means the flow of heat current in a circuit.
Serah
What is electric
Manasseh Reply
electric means?
ghulam
electric means the flow of heat current in a circuit.
Serah
a boy cycles continuously through a distance of 1.0km in 5minutes. calculate his average speed in ms-1(meter per second). how do I solve this
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speed = distance/time be sure to convert the km to m and minutes to seconds check my utube video "mathwithmrv speed"
PhysicswithMrV
why we cannot use DC instead of AC in a transformer
kusshaf Reply
becuse the d .c cannot travel for long distance trnsmission
ghulam
what is physics
Chiwetalu Reply
branch of science which deals with matter energy and their relationship between them
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Life science
the
what is heat and temperature
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how does sound affect temperature
Clement Reply
sound is directly proportional to the temperature.
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how to solve wave question
Wisdom Reply
I would like to know how I am not at all smart when it comes to math. please explain so I can understand. sincerly
Emma
Just know d relationship btw 1)wave length 2)frequency and velocity
Talhatu
First of all, you are smart and you will get it👍🏽... v = f × wavelength see my youtube channel: "mathwithmrv" if you want to know how to rearrange equations using the balance method
PhysicswithMrV
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Beatrax
thanks dear
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hi pls help me with this question A ball is projected vertically upwards from the top of a tower 60m high with a velocity of 30ms1.what is the maximum height above the ground level?how long does it take to reach the ground level?
mahmoud
please guys help, what is the difference between concave lens and convex lens
Vincent Reply
convex lens brings rays of light to a focus while concave diverges rays of light
Christian
for mmHg to kPa yes
Matthew
it depends on the size
Matthew Reply
please what is concave lens
Vincent
a lens which diverge the ray of light
rinzuala
concave diverges light
Matthew
thank you guys
Vincent
A diverging lens
Yusuf
What is isotope
Yusuf
each of two or more forms of the same element that contain equal numbers of protons but different numbers of neutrons in their nuclei, and hence differ in relative atomic mass but not in chemical properties; in particular, a radioactive form of an element. "some elements have only one stable isotope
Karthi
what is wire wound resistors?
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What are the best colleges to go to for physics
Matthew Reply
I would like to know this too
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How do I calculate uncertainty in a frequency?
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Calculate . ..
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Practice Key Terms 2

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Source:  OpenStax, College physics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9
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