Oracle Certified Professional Java Programmer

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The objective of this session is to introduce the subject of software engineering. When you have read this session you will understand what software engineering is and why it is important, know the answers to key questions which provide an introduction to software engineering, understand ethical and professional issues which are important for software engineers.

Introduction

Virtually all countries now depend on complex computer-based systems. More and more products incorporate computers and controlling software in some form. The software in these systems represents a large and increasing proportion of the total system costs. Therefore, producing software in a cost-effective way is essential for the functioning of national and international economies.

Software engineering is an engineering discipline whose goal is the cost-effective development of software systems. Software is abstract and intangible. It is not constrained by materials, governed by physical laws or by manufacturing processes. In some ways, this simplifies software engineering as there are no physical limitations on the potential of software. In other ways, however, this lack of natural constraints means that software can easily become extremely complex and hence very difficult to understand.

Software engineering is still a relatively young discipline. The notion of ‘software engineering’ was first proposed in 1968 at a conference held to discuss what was then called the ‘software crisis’. This software crisis resulted directly from the introduction of powerful, third generation computer hardware. Their power made hitherto unrealisable computer applications a feasible proposition. The resulting software was orders of magnitude larger and more complex than previous software systems.

Early experience in building these systems showed that an informal approach to software development was not good enough. Major projects were sometimes years late. They cost much more than originally predicted, were unreliable, difficult to maintain and performed poorly. Software development was in crisis. Hardware costs were tumbling whilst software costs were rising rapidly. New techniques and methods were needed to control the complexity inherent in large software systems.

These techniques have become part of software engineering and are now widely although not universally used. However, there are still problems in producing complex software which meets user expectations, is delivered on time and to budget. Many software projects still have problems and this has led to some commentators (Pressman, 1997) suggesting that software engineering is in a state of chronic affliction.

As our ability to produce software has increased so too has the complexity of the software systems required. New technologies resulting from the convergence of computers and communication systems place new demands on software engineers. For this reason and because many companies do not apply software engineering techniques effectively, we still have problems. Things are not as bad as the doomsayers suggest but there is clearly room for improvement.


OCJP Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 6 Programmer mock exams, MCQ Multiple Choices Questions Quiz Test Bank

Formally Know as: SCJP Sun Certified Java Programmer Exams

Java Programming Language

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Oracle Certified Professional Java Programmer
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297 Pages
2010
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Oracle Certified Professional Java Programmer Exam

Question: What is the expected output?

Choices:

RuntimeException is thrown because of the first print statement

RuntimeException is thrown because of the second print statement

nullnullnullnull

nullnull

compilation error

Question: What is the result of compiling and running the following code?

Choices:

"AB" will be printed

"A" will be printed followed be a NullPointerException thrown

"B" will be printed

No output is produced

Question: What is the expected output?

Choices:

true

false

Question: What is the expected output?

Choices:

true

false

Question: What is the result of compiling and running the following code?

Choices:

true

false

Question: Select the common methods, which are defined for both type String and type StringBuffer ?

Choices:

toString()

length()

append(String)

trim()

equals(Object)

Question: Which of the statements would evaluate to true?

Choices:

stmt1

stmt2

stmt3

stmt4

stmt5

Question: Which of the statements will evaluate to true?

Choices:

stmt1

stmt2

stmt3

stmt4

Question: Which of the following methods can be invoked by an object of Pattern class?

Choices:

compile

matches

group

toString

Question: What is the result of compiling and running the following program?

Choices:

Compilation error

falsefalsetruetrue

truetruetruetrue

truefalsetruetrue

Question: What is the result of compiling and running the following code?

Choices:

JavaChamp is here to help you

JavaChamp i here to help you

No output is produced

Compilation error

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