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English home language

Grade 8

Towns and tourism

Module 12

To use language to think and reason

Activity 1:

To read for information

To use language to think and reason

[lo 3.1, 5.1]

  • Read the following passage carefully and then do the work that follows. You will be looking at tourism more closely in order to understand the activities that follow.

Holidays and Tourism

A brief history of tourism

The Romans probably started tourism in the 15th century, with their holiday villas in the Bay of Naples.

And then, in the 19th century, the education of the rich and privileged few was not complete without a Grand Tour of Europe’s cultural sites.

Things started to change for ordinary people in 1845 when Thomas Cook of England organized the first package tour. By 1939, an estimated one million people were travelling abroad for holidays each year.

However, it is in the last three decades of the 20th century that tourism has really taken off. Tourism has become industrialized: landscapes, cultures, cuisines and religions are consumer goods displayed in travel brochures.

Tourism today

Nowadays people in industrialized countries have a shorter working week, longer holidays and more money to spend on leisure. Many more people now own cars, which give them access to almost anywhere at any time they wish.

But greater leisure for everyone brings its own problems. People and their vehicles concentrate at scenic places along the coast or in the countryside, or at places offering leisure facilities and entertainment. The concentrations are most marked at weekends, at peak holiday times and

throughout the summer. Electricity and water consumption skyrocket and littering and pollution became a problem. Long traffic queues are common along well-used holiday routes with petrol fumes polluting the air.

Many people now take holidays in neighbouring countries and abroad. Tourism (catering for foreign visitors) is becoming more important in developing countries. These countries have come to see the importance of the money tourists spend and the part they play in creating jobs. Some countries have developed their tourist potential and they plan for tourist growth by building facilities, services and resorts.

  1. Your educator will help you to draw up a timeline summarizing the history of tourism.
  2. Give FOUR reasons why many more people are able to travel nowadays.
  3. Draw TWO columns in your workbook. Head these columns ADVANTAGES and DISADVANTAGES. Refer to the reading passage. Underline the main advantages and disadvantages of tourism stated in the passage. Write down the key words in the appropriate column.
  • Now, read the following dictionary extract in preparation for the questions that follow.

Holiday / ‘holi,dei, / n.&v. –n. 1 esp. Brit. (often in pl.) an extended period of recreation, esp. away from home or in travelling; a break from work (cf. VACATION). 2 a day of festivity or recreation when no work is done, esp. a religious festival, etc. 3 (attrib.) (of clothes etc.) festive. –v. intr. Esp. Brit. Spend a holiday. Holiday camp Brit. A camp for holiday-makers with accommodation, entertainment and facilities on site. Holiday centre a place with many tourist attractions. Holiday-maker esp. Brit. A person on holiday . On holiday (or one’s holidays ) in the course of one’s holiday. Take a (or make ) holiday have a break from work. (OE haligdaeg ) (HOLY, DAY)

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11041/1.1
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