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Life skills

Grade 3

Conservation of our marine life

Module 5

The penguins and other sea creatures

Strange creatures

  • Read the poem and answer the following questions:

Without wings I cannot fly

No matter how hard I try

I might be a bird after all

But from the sky I could never fall!

A lonely little horse-fish I will never be.

With my friends I play games in the deep blue sea

Instead of running madly around the race-track

With a shouting jockey on my back.

One of my friends is the walrus whale

Who allows me to ride on his tail.

He is sad because his friend has gone away

But we will surely find him one fine day.

All the creatures on this earth

Have the right to live from their birth

So that their numbers become more

and more

All these strange creatures that we adore!



  1. Which marine animals are referred to in the poem?
  2. Do you know which bird can swim but is unable to fly?
  3. What do you think has happened to the whale’s friend?
  4. What does the concept “endangered species” mean?
  • Make a drawing of all the marine animals mentioned in the poem.

The penguins

More than 40 per cent of the world’s African penguins live on Robben Island and Dassen Island. Oil spills from ships that travel along the coast threaten their survival.

Millions of eggs were taken from Dassen Island between 1870 and 1967 to be dished up as delicacy. Fortunately the island was declared a nature reserve and as a result the penguin population on Dassen Island has grown to about 56 000.

Penguins are good parents. They mostly build their nests on the ground, using pebbles, mud and plant material. Both parents take turns to sit on the eggs. The fluffy chicks need to be taken care of over quite a long period and they are often looked after in groups – almost like in a crèche.

  • Make a drawing of a mother penguin and her chicks.

The conservation of the jackass penguin

Birds that suffer from diseases or oil pollution are attended to at a centre at Blouberg near Cape Town. This centre is known as SANCCOB (South African National Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds). Similar centres can be found elsewhere in our country.

Write a letter to SANCCOB or to the similar centre near you. Find out what they do there. Use the following words as clues: peck, feed, oil, cleaning agents, food, accommodation, money, funds, etc.

The horse-fish

Did you know?

  • The male horse-fish carries its young in a pouch on its tummy, just like a kangaroo mother.
  • Horse-fish are bred near Knysna.
  • A baby horse-fish is only four millimetres in length.
  • A horse-fish floats vertically in the sea.

Imagine you are a horse-fish. Write a story to tell us what you do in the sea.

  • Draw a horse-fish and his friends

Puzzle: Colour the shapes below in different colours. Cut out the shapes and build your own marine animals. Paste it onto cardboard and decorate the background.

Complete the questionnaire. Make a X in the appropriate block.

Yes No
  1. Do you know that penguins are an endangered species?
  1. Did you find the information on the horse-fish interesting?
  1. Do you agree that the whale is the largest marine animal?
  1. Did you enjoy the puzzle?


Learning Outcomes(LO’s)
PERSONAL DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to use acquired life skills to achieve and extend personal potential to respond effectively to challenges in his or her world.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
3.5 identifies groupwork skills and applies them consistently.
TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLS The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 Designs : suggests different possible solutions, chooses one and uses freehand sketches to represent it;1.4 Makes : expresses how products are going to be made and what will be used to make them;1.6 Evaluates : identifies strengths and weaknesses about own products and the products of others


  • Learners could write a letter to SANCCOB.
  • Art: paint a penguin. Also paint a lighthouse in the background.
  • Inform the learners in general about other endangered species in marine life. Task each group to research a marine animal.
  • Have a class discussion on useful items that can be obtained from the sea. (Emphasise the conservation of our marine life for future generations).
  • Group discussion: take your learners to the library to do some reading on the habits of penguins. Let them discuss the information obtained in their groups (LO 3.5).
  • Make a collage of marine animals.
  • Songs to learn: Row, row, row your boat

The alley – alley oo

  • SANCCOB’s address: 20 Pentz Drive, Table View 7441.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
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Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
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for screen printed electrodes ?
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
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I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
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Sravani Reply
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preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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Source:  OpenStax, Life skills grade 3. OpenStax CNX. Sep 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11107/1.1
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