<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Dedicated to the free exchange of scientific information, the Royal Society of London - and later, itscounterparts throughout Europe such as The Hague and the Academy of Sciences in Paris - proved crucial to the discussion and design ofmodern science and the experimental method. Although the Royal Society was a governmentally established body, it actedindependently as a body dedicated to research and scientific discovery - that is to say, to improving knowledge and integratingall kinds of scientific research into a coherent system. With such a central artery for scientific progress, scientists were able tomore quickly and fiercely support and promote their new ideas about the world.


The defining feature of the scientific revolution lies in how much scientific thought changed during aperiod of only a century, and in how quickly differing thoughts of different natural philosophers condensed to form a cohesiveexperimental method that chemists, biologists, and physicists can easily utilize today. The modern experimental method incorporatesFrancis Bacon's focus on use of controlled experiments and inductive reasoning, Descartes' focus on hypothesis, logic, andreason, Galileo's emphasis on incorporation of established laws from all disciplines (math, astronomy, chemistry, biology, physics)in coming to a conclusion through mechanism, and Newton’s method of composition, with each successive method strengthening the validityof the next. Essentially, the scientific revolution occurred in one quick bound and the advances made from the 17th century onwardappear as little skips in comparison.

However, one must keep in mind that although the Greeks and the philosophers of the 17th century invented andbegan to perfect the experimental method, their outcomes in their experiments were often flawed because they didn't follow their ownadvice. Even philosophers like Francis Bacon, the main promoter of fact-gathering and controlled experimentation failed at some pointin time to control their experiments or use peer review, or used too much inference/logic and too little mathematicproof/experiment. In short, scientists today must learn from the mistakes of the 17th century philosophers like Galileo who wrote soeloquently about the necessity of a successful scientific method but didn’t execute it correctly or failed to recognize theimportance of pursuing scientific progress not simply for theoretical excellence, but for how it can improve the humancondition.

The lesson to take from the history of the scientific revolution is that the ideas of the17th centuryphilosophers have the most impact in the context of the progress they made as an academic whole – as singular scientists, theybecame more prone to faulty logic and uncontrolled experimentation. For instance, non-scientific reasoning such as teleology continuedto affect genius philosophers and scientists such as Descartes and Boyle, and today scientists are faced with the problem ofintelligent design (teleology) being taught as the equivalent of peer-reviewed, substantiated evolutionary theory. Overall, modernscientists remain just as proneto the same problems as the 17th century philosophers and therefore might consider looking towardthe legacy of the successes of the scientific revolution againstthe backward medieval philosophy for guidance.

Works cited

1. "About the Society." The Royal Society 2005. The Royal Society. 15 Nov. 2005<http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/page.asp?id=2176>.

2. Dear, Peter. Revolutionizing the Sciences: European Knowledge and Its Ambitions,

1500-1700. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.

3. Francis Bacon. Farlex, Inc. The Free Dictionary 16 Nov. 2005<http://img.tfd.com/authors/bacon.jpg>.

4. Galileo Galilei. NASA. 16 Nov. 2005<http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap980913.html>.

5. Hall, A R. The Scientific Revolution 1500-1800: The formation of the Modern Scientific Attitude. Londonand Colchester: Longmans, Green and Co, 1954.

6. Hellyer, Marcus. The Scientific Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2003.

7. Isaac Newton. Université de Nantes. Sciences - Université de Nantes. 16 Nov. 2005<http://www.sciences.univ-nantes.fr/physique/enseignement/tp/hist/newton.jpg>.

8. René Descartes Free Online Library by Farlex. 16 Nov. 2005<http://descartes.thefreelibrary.com/>.

9. "Robert Boyle." 15 Nov. 2005<http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/GasLaw/Gas-Boyle-Data.html>.

10. Robert Hooke. NNDB. 15 Nov. 2005<http://www.nndb.com/people/356/000087095/robert-hooke-1.jpg>.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Nanotechnology: content and context. OpenStax CNX. May 09, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10418/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Nanotechnology: content and context' conversation and receive update notifications?